Water resource management using geothermal energy: Eritrea

Article


Chandrasekharam, Dornadula, Lashin, Aref, Al Arifi, Nassir, Al-Bassam, Abdulaziz and Chandrasekhar, Varun. 2018. "Water resource management using geothermal energy: Eritrea." Arabian Journal of Geosciences. 11 (17), pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-018-3892-9
Article Title

Water resource management using geothermal energy: Eritrea

ERA Journal ID44655
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsChandrasekharam, Dornadula (Author), Lashin, Aref (Author), Al Arifi, Nassir (Author), Al-Bassam, Abdulaziz (Author) and Chandrasekhar, Varun (Author)
Journal TitleArabian Journal of Geosciences
Journal Citation11 (17), pp. 1-12
Article Number523
Number of Pages12
Year2018
Place of PublicationHeidelberg, Germany
ISSN1866-7511
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-018-3892-9
Web Address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12517-018-3892-9
Abstract

Eritrea is a country with rich gold, silver and base-metal deposits and geothermal energy resources associated with all the five volcanoes located within the Danakil graben. Due to low rainfall, the country has to depend on imported food and food imports have crossed > 46% in the recent years. Although the cultivable land is about 16,000 km2, only 5030 km2 land is being cultivated due to insufficient water resources. The per capita water requirement is projected to fall below 1300 m3/year from the present 1470 m3/year. The country’s GDP has fallen from 1.3% in 2013 to 0.3% in 2015. Each geothermal province associated with the active volcanoes can support to generate 445 million m3 of desalinated water from the Red Sea. Providing basic needs like water and energy will boost the country’s economy and lift the socio-economic status of 6 million people in the country. © 2018, Saudi Society for Geosciences.

KeywordsAlid; Danakil; desalination; food security; geothermal resources; groundwater; water security; basic needs; energy resource; geothermal energy; Gross Domestic Product; groundwater resource; resource management; socioeconomic status; water management; water planning; water resource; Afar; Eritrea; Indian Ocean; Red Sea
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020370799. Hydrology not elsewhere classified
410406. Natural resource management
401102. Environmentally sustainable engineering
Byline AffiliationsIndian Institute of Technology, India
King Saud University, Saudi Arabia
GeoSyndicate Power, India
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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