Beyond HRM intensity: Exploring intra-function HRM clusters in SMEs

Article


Innes, Peter and Wiesner, Retha. 2012. "Beyond HRM intensity: Exploring intra-function HRM clusters in SMEs ." Small Enterprise Research. 19 (1), pp. 32-51. https://doi.org/10.5172/ser.2012.19.1.32
Article Title

Beyond HRM intensity: Exploring intra-function HRM clusters in SMEs

Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsInnes, Peter and Wiesner, Retha
Journal TitleSmall Enterprise Research
Journal Citation19 (1), pp. 32-51
Number of Pages20
Year2012
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.5172/ser.2012.19.1.32
Web Address (URL)https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.5172/ser.2012.19.1.32
Abstract

Human resource management (HRM) clusters have been studied in large organisations, however it is a relatively new direction of research in SMEs. Through the large-scale tracking of 110 HRM practices within five HRM domains across 1230 SMEs, the objective of this paper is to firstly undertake a quantitative exploratory analysis into the clustering of practices within recruitment, selection, training and development, remuneration and performance appraisal, and secondly to examine how the intra-function HR bundles are differentiated by contextual factors such as size, presence of a HR manager, whether the owner-manager is present and industry. This approach is in contrast to existing research which is premised on HRM intensity: that more HR practices are better. Our results show a strong multiple clustering of practices within HRM functions in SMEs, except for training and development. The predictors of HR practices show the liability of firm smallness and the difficulties firms face in the absence of HR professionals.

KeywordsHRM clusters; HRM configurations; human resource management; small and medium-sized enterprises; SMEs
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020350503. Human resources management
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of the Sunshine Coast
School of Business
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