Global diversity and geography of soil fungi

Article


Tedersoo, Leho, Bahram, Mohammad, Polme, Sergei, Koljalg, Urmas, Yorou, Nourou S., Wijesundera, Ravi, Ruiz, Luis Villarreal, Vasco-Palacios, Aida M., Thu, Pham Quang, Suija, Ave, Smith, Matthew E., Sharp, Cathy, Saluveer, Erki, Saitta, Alessandro, Rosas, Miguel, Riit, Taavi, Ratkowsky, David, Pritsch, Karin, Poldmaa, Kadri, ..., Abarenkov, Kessy. 2014. "Global diversity and geography of soil fungi." Science. 346 (6213), pp. 1078-1087. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1256688
Article Title

Global diversity and geography of soil fungi

ERA Journal ID17478
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsTedersoo, Leho (Author), Bahram, Mohammad (Author), Polme, Sergei (Author), Koljalg, Urmas (Author), Yorou, Nourou S. (Author), Wijesundera, Ravi (Author), Ruiz, Luis Villarreal (Author), Vasco-Palacios, Aida M. (Author), Thu, Pham Quang (Author), Suija, Ave (Author), Smith, Matthew E. (Author), Sharp, Cathy (Author), Saluveer, Erki (Author), Saitta, Alessandro (Author), Rosas, Miguel (Author), Riit, Taavi (Author), Ratkowsky, David (Author), Pritsch, Karin (Author), Poldmaa, Kadri (Author), Piepenbring, Meike (Author), Phosri, Cherdchai (Author), Peterson, Marko (Author), Parts, Kaarin (Author), Partel, Kadri (Author), Otsing, Eveli (Author), Nouhra, Eduardo (Author), Njouonkou, Andre L. (Author), Nilsson, R. Henrik (Author), Morgado, Luis N. (Author), Mayor, Jordan (Author), May, Tom W. (Author), Majuakim, Luiza (Author), Lodge, D. Jean (Author), Lee, Su See (Author), Larsson, Karl-Henrik (Author), Kohout, Petr (Author), Hosaka, Kentaro (Author), Hiiesalu, Indrek (Author), Henkel, Terry W. (Author), Harend, Helery (Author), Guo, Liang-Dong (Author), Greslebin, Alina (Author), Grelet, Gwen (Author), Geml, Jozsef (Author), Gates, Genevieve (Author), Dunstan, William (Author), Dunk, Chris (Author), Drenkhan, Rein (Author), Dearnaley, John (Author), De Kesel, Andre (Author), Dang, Tan (Author), Chen, Xin (Author), Buegger, Franz (Author), Brearley, Francis Q. (Author), Bonito, Gregory (Author), Anslan, Sten (Author), Abell, Sandra (Author) and Abarenkov, Kessy (Author)
Journal TitleScience
Journal Citation346 (6213), pp. 1078-1087
Number of Pages10
Year2014
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN0036-8075
0096-3771
1095-9203
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1256688
Web Address (URL)https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/science.1256688
Abstract

Fungi play major roles in ecosystem processes, but the determinants of fungal diversity and biogeographic patterns remain poorly understood. Using DNA metabarcoding data from hundreds of globally distributed soil samples, we demonstrate that fungal richness is decoupled from plant diversity. The plant-to-fungus richness ratio declines exponentially toward the poles. Climatic factors, followed by edaphic and spatial variables, constitute the best predictors of fungal richness and community composition at the global scale. Fungi show similar latitudinal diversity gradients to other organisms, with several notable exceptions. These findings advance our understanding of global fungal diversity patterns and permit integration of fungi into a general macroecological framework.

Keywordsfungi; mycology; diversity; global distribution
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020310402. Biogeography and phylogeography
410603. Soil biology
310705. Mycology
Public Notes

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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Tartu, Estonia
University of Parakou, Benin
University of Colombo, Sri Lanka
Genetic Resources and Productivity Genetics LARGEMBIO Postgraduate College, Mexico
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, Netherlands
Vietnamese Academy of Forest Science, Vietnam
University of Florida, United States
Natural History Museum of Zimbabwe
University of Palermo, Italy
Goethe University, Germany
University of Tasmania
German Research Centre for Environmental Health
Nakhon Phanom University, Thailand
University of Cordoba, Argentina
University of Bamenda, Cameroon
University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Netherlands
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden
Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne, Australia
University Malaysia, Sabah, Malaysia
Department of Agriculture, United States
Forest Research Institute, Malaysia
Natural History Museum of the University of Oslo, Norway
National Museum of Nature and Science, Japan
California State Polytechnic University, United States
Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
National University of the Patagonia San Juan Bosco, Argentina
Manaaki Whenua – Landcare Research, New Zealand
Murdoch University
Estonian University of Life Sciences, Estonia
Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences
Meise Botanic Garden, Belgium
Zhejiang University of Technology, China
Manchester Metropolitan University, United Kingdom
James Cook University
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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The rare Australian epiphytic orchid Sarcochilus weinthalii associates with a single species of Ceratobasidium
Graham, Rachel Roseanne and Dearnaley, John David William. 2012. "The rare Australian epiphytic orchid Sarcochilus weinthalii associates with a single species of Ceratobasidium." Fungal Diversity. 54 (1), pp. 31-37. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-011-0106-0
Australian obligate mycoheterotrophic orchids and their fungal associations
Dearnaley, J. D. W., Le Brocque, A. F. and Bougoure, J. J.. 2011. "Australian obligate mycoheterotrophic orchids and their fungal associations." West, Judy (ed.) IBC 2011: 18th International Botanical Congress. Melbourne, Australia 23 - 30 Jul 2011 Melbourne, Australia.
Morphological and molecular identification of fungal endophytes from roots of dendrobium speciosum
Boddington, M. and Dearnaley, J. D. W.. 2008. "Morphological and molecular identification of fungal endophytes from roots of dendrobium speciosum." Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland. 114, pp. 13-17.
Further advances in orchid mycorrhizal research
Dearnaley, John D. W.. 2007. "Further advances in orchid mycorrhizal research." Mycorrhiza. 17 (6), pp. 475-486. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00572-007-0138-1
Pterostylis nutans (Orchidaceae) has a specific association with two ceratobasidium root-associated fungi across its range in eastern Australia
Irwin, Mathew John, Bougoure, Jeremy James and Dearnaley, John David William. 2007. "Pterostylis nutans (Orchidaceae) has a specific association with two ceratobasidium root-associated fungi across its range in eastern Australia." Mycoscience. 48, pp. 231-239. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10267-007-0360-x
Recent studies of the biology of the yellow hyacinth orchid - Dipodium Hamiltonianum
Dearnaley, John. 2006. "Recent studies of the biology of the yellow hyacinth orchid - Dipodium Hamiltonianum." The Orchadian. 15 (3), pp. 129-130.
Expression of a polygalacturonase enzyme in germinating pollen of Brassica napus
Dearnaley, John and Daggard, Grant. 2001. "Expression of a polygalacturonase enzyme in germinating pollen of Brassica napus." Sexual Plant Reproduction. 13 (5), pp. 265-271. https://doi.org/10.1007/s004970000062
Molecular identification of the primary root fungal endophytes of Dipodium hamiltonianum (Orchidaceae)
Dearnaley, John and Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 2006. "Molecular identification of the primary root fungal endophytes of Dipodium hamiltonianum (Orchidaceae)." Australian Journal of Botany. 54 (5), pp. 487-491. https://doi.org/10.1071/BT05149
Isotopic and molecular evidence for saprotrophic Marasmiaceae mycobionts in rhizomes of Gastrodia sesamoides
Dearnaley, John D. W. and Bougoure, Jeremy J.. 2010. "Isotopic and molecular evidence for saprotrophic Marasmiaceae mycobionts in rhizomes of Gastrodia sesamoides." Fungal Ecology. 3 (4), pp. 288-294. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.funeco.2009.11.003
Caelestines A-D, Brominated Quinolinecarboxylic Acids from the Australian Ascidian Aplidium caelestis
Yin, Sheng, Boyle, Glen M., Carroll, Anthony R., Kotiw, Michael, Dearnaley, John, Quinn, Ronald J. and Davis, Rohan A.. 2010. "Caelestines A-D, Brominated Quinolinecarboxylic Acids from the Australian Ascidian Aplidium caelestis." Journal of Natural Products. 73 (9), pp. 1586-1589. https://doi.org/10.1021/np100329w
Phosphate transporter expression in the soybean AM symbiosis
Dearnaley, John, Learmonth, Barbara A. and Bougoure, Damian S.. 2002. "Phosphate transporter expression in the soybean AM symbiosis." 7th International Mycological Congress (IMC7). Oslo, Norway 11 - 17 Aug 2002 Australia.
Orchid mycorrhizas - a disproportionate focus on the minutiae?
Dearnaley, John. 2010. "Orchid mycorrhizas - a disproportionate focus on the minutiae?" 2010 Joint Australasian Mycological Society and the Australian Society for Mycrobiology Meeting. Sydney, Australia 04 - 08 Jul 2010
Molecular identification of mycorrhizal fungi in Australian threatened plant species
Dearnaley, John D. W., Downie, Alex F., Murray, Andrew J. and Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 2008. "Molecular identification of mycorrhizal fungi in Australian threatened plant species." Schenk, Peer (ed.) 1st International Conference on Biotic Plant Interactions (ICBPI 2008). Brisbane, Australia 27 - 29 Mar 2008 Brisbane, Australia.
Molecular identification of a mycorrhizal Sebacinaceae from the endangered Caladenia atroclavia (black clubbed spider orchid)
Dearnaley, J. D. W., Murray, A. J. and Mathieson, M. T.. 2009. "Molecular identification of a mycorrhizal Sebacinaceae from the endangered Caladenia atroclavia (black clubbed spider orchid)." Australasian Mycologist. 28 (2-3), pp. 45-50.
Defence gene expression in single mycorrhizal roots of soybean
Dearnaley, John and Learmonth, Barbara A.. 2003. "Defence gene expression in single mycorrhizal roots of soybean." 4th International Conference on Mycorrhizae (ICOM4) . Montreal, Canada 10 - 15 Aug 2003 Québec, Canada.
The mycorrhizal fungal associations of the vunerable Sophora fraseri (Fabaceae)
Downie, A. F., Le Brocque, A. F. and Dearnaley, J. D. W.. 2008. "The mycorrhizal fungal associations of the vunerable Sophora fraseri (Fabaceae)." Australasian Mycologist. 27 (2), pp. 57-65.
Lantana invades the soil too! Effects of Lantana camara on soil fungal dominance
Case, Heidi, Dearnaley, John and Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 2008. "Lantana invades the soil too! Effects of Lantana camara on soil fungal dominance." Ecological Society of Australia Annual Conference 2008: Interactions in Science, Interactions in Nature (ESA 2008). Sydney, Australia 01 - 05 Dec 2008 Australia.
Endophytic fungi associated with Australian orchids
Dearnaley, John and Le Brocque, Andrew F.. 2006. "Endophytic fungi associated with Australian orchids." Australasian Plant Conservation: Bulletin of the Australian Network for Plant Conservation. 15 (2), pp. 7-9.
Molecular identification of fungal endophytes in Australian myco-heterotrophic orchids
Dearnaley, John. 2006. "Molecular identification of fungal endophytes in Australian myco-heterotrophic orchids." Meyer, Wieland (ed.) 8th International Mycological Congress (IMC8). Cairns, Australia 20 - 25 Aug 2006 Australia.
Fungal endophytes in Australian myco-heterotrophic orchids
Dearnaley, John. 2006. "Fungal endophytes in Australian myco-heterotrophic orchids." Meyer, Wieland (ed.) 8th International Mycological Congress (IMC8). Cairns, Australia 20 - 25 Aug 2006 Australia.
The fungal endophytes of erythrorchis cassythoides - is this orchid saprophytic or parasitic?
Dearnaley, John. 2006. "The fungal endophytes of erythrorchis cassythoides - is this orchid saprophytic or parasitic?" Australasian Mycologist. 25 (2), pp. 51-57.
The fungal endophytes of dipodium variegatum (orchidaceae)
Bougoure, Jeremy J. and Dearnaley, John. 2005. "The fungal endophytes of dipodium variegatum (orchidaceae)." Australasian Mycologist. 24 (1), pp. 15-19.
ITS-RFLP and sequence analysis of endophytes from Acianthus, Caladenia and Pterostylis (orchidaceae) in southeastern Queensland
Bougoure, Jeremy J., Bougoure, Damian S., Cairney, John W. G. and Dearnaley, John D. W.. 2005. "ITS-RFLP and sequence analysis of endophytes from Acianthus, Caladenia and Pterostylis (orchidaceae) in southeastern Queensland." Mycological Research. 109 (4), pp. 452-460. https://doi.org/10.1017/S095375620500225X