How well does the virtual reference stations (VERS) system of GPS base stations perform in comparison to conventional RTL?

Article


Gibbings, Peter and Ong Kim Sun, G.. 2005. "How well does the virtual reference stations (VERS) system of GPS base stations perform in comparison to conventional RTL?" Journal of Spatial Science. 50 (1), pp. 59-73. https://doi.org/10.1080/14498596.2005.9635038
Article Title

How well does the virtual reference stations (VERS) system of GPS base stations perform in comparison to conventional RTL?

ERA Journal ID4627
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsGibbings, Peter (Author) and Ong Kim Sun, G. (Author)
Journal TitleJournal of Spatial Science
Journal Citation50 (1), pp. 59-73
Number of Pages15
Year2005
ISSN0005-0326
0069-0805
1324-9983
1449-8596
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/14498596.2005.9635038
Abstract

In response to the recent growth in multiple reference station networks throughout the world, a pilot project of the Virtual Reference Station (VRS) network has been established in south-east Queensland. Independent testing of this network was required to establish its performance in
post processed and real-time positioning, and its
reliable coverage area.
Tests were conducted at several sites, both inside and outside the network. GPS data from a single antenna was used to simultaneously record realtime positions derived from both the VRS base stations and a conventional base station. This data was analysed in terms of accuracy, precision and initialisation times. At the same time, raw data was logged for later analysis of the post processing capabilities of the VRS.
Accuracy and precision estimates from the data collected showed that the VRS is at least comparable to, and in some instances may be considered superior to, conventional RTK. For example, during tests when low numbers of satellites were visible, the VRS-RTK was able to initialise in shorter times than conventional RTK.
In general, the VRS-RTK proved to be a reliable substitute for conventional RTK using a single base station. In fact, VRS-RTK was shown to be more reliable and robust than conventional RTK, and in many instances was able to produce
results where conventional RTK failed. VRS also showed great potential for post processing that, until now, has been largely ignored.

KeywordsGPS; reference stations
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020401306. Surveying (incl. hydrographic surveying)
401302. Geospatial information systems and geospatial data modelling
401399. Geomatic engineering not elsewhere classified
370999. Physical geography and environmental geoscience not elsewhere classified
Byline AffiliationsDepartment of Surveying and Land Information
Faculty of Engineering and Surveying
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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