The potential of using date palm fibres as reinforcement for polymeric composites

Article


Alsaeed, T., Yousif, B. F. and Ku, H.. 2013. "The potential of using date palm fibres as reinforcement for polymeric composites." Materials and Design. 43, pp. 177-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2012.06.061
Article Title

The potential of using date palm fibres as reinforcement for polymeric composites

ERA Journal ID4961
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsAlsaeed, T. (Author), Yousif, B. F. (Author) and Ku, H. (Author)
EditorsEdwards, K. L.
Journal TitleMaterials and Design
Journal Citation43, pp. 177-184
Number of Pages8
Year2013
PublisherElsevier
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0261-3069
0264-1275
1873-4197
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2012.06.061
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261306912004487
Abstract

Interfacial adhesion of natural fibres as reinforcement for fibre polymeric composites is the key parameter in designing composites. In the current study, interfacial adhesion of date palm fibre with epoxy matrix is experimentally investigated using single fibre pull out technique. The influence of NaOH treatment concentrations (0%-9%), fibre embedded length and fibre diameter on the interfacial adhesion property was considered in this study. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) was used to observe the surface morphology and damage feature on the fibre and bonding area before and after conducting the experiments. The results revealed that 6% concentration of NaOH is the optimum solution for treating the date palm fibre to maintain high interfacial adhesion and strength with epoxy matrix. The embedded length of the fibre controlled the interfacial adhesion property, where 10 mm embedded length was the optimum fibre length.

Keywordsnatural fibre; interfacial adhesion; design; composites
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020401602. Composite and hybrid materials
340502. Natural products and bioactive compounds
310602. Bioprocessing, bioproduction and bioproducts
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Byline AffiliationsCentre of Excellence in Engineered Fibre Composites
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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Ku, H., Trada, M. and Tai, P.. 2013. "Dielectric properties of sawdust reinforced epoxy composites post-cured in microwaves ." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 32 (10), pp. 765-774. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684412475250
Tensile properties of bagasse reinforced epoxy composites
Trada, M., Mandava, J., Ku, H. and Yousif, B.. 2012. "Tensile properties of bagasse reinforced epoxy composites." Jaafar, M., Azura, A. R., Leong, K. H. and Leong, A. Y. L. (ed.) 8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials (ACCM 2012): Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 06 - 08 Nov 2012 Kowloon, Hong Kong.
Implementing multimedia resources in online learning and its effect on student understanding
Yousif, B. F., Basson, Marita and Hobohm, Carola. 2012. "Implementing multimedia resources in online learning and its effect on student understanding." Mann, Llewellyn and Daniel, Scott (ed.) 23rd Annual Conference of the Australasian Association for Engineering Education (AAEE 2012). Melbourne, Australia 03 - 05 Dec 2012 Melbourne, Australia.
A pilot study on flexural properties of epoxy nanoclay reinforced composites
Ku, H., Fung, S. Y., Islam, M., Li, X. and Chong, Y. P.. 2013. "A pilot study on flexural properties of epoxy nanoclay reinforced composites ." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 32 (2), pp. 96-104. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684412459246
Tribological consideration in roller mill machines for agriculture applications
Al-Sandooq, J. M., Yousif, B. F. and Jensen, T. A.. 2012. "Tribological consideration in roller mill machines for agriculture applications." Surface Review and Letters. 19 (6), pp. 1250065-1. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218625X12500655
Characteristics of kenaf fibre immersed in different solutions
Yousif, B. F., Orupabo, C. and Azwa, Z. N.. 2012. "Characteristics of kenaf fibre immersed in different solutions." Journal of Natural Fibers. 9 (4), pp. 207-218. https://doi.org/10.1080/15440478.2012.733149
Review on using packages to enhance the teaching of critical path networks
Ku, Harry S.. 2012. "Review on using packages to enhance the teaching of critical path networks." Ao, S. I., Castillo, Oscar, Douglas, Craig, Feng, David Dagan and Lee, Jeong-A. (ed.) 2012 International MultiConference of Engineers and Computer Scientists (IMECS 2012). Hong Kong, China 14 - 16 Mar 2012 Hong Kong.
Epoxy composite based on kenaf fibers for tribological applications under wet contact conditions
Yousif, B. F. and Chin, C. W.. 2012. "Epoxy composite based on kenaf fibers for tribological applications under wet contact conditions." Surface Review and Letters. 19 (5), pp. 1250050-1. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218625X12500503
Measurements of heat treatment effects on bovine cortical bones by nanoindentation and compression testing
Lau, Mei-Ling, Lau, Kin-Tak, Ku, Harry, Bahattacharyya, Debes and Yao, Yan-Dong. 2012. "Measurements of heat treatment effects on bovine cortical bones by nanoindentation and compression testing." Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology. 3 (1), pp. 105-113. https://doi.org/10.4236/jbnb.2012.31014
Suitability of using coir fiber/polymeric composite for the design of liquid storage tanks
Yousif, B. F. and Ku, H.. 2012. "Suitability of using coir fiber/polymeric composite for the design of liquid storage tanks." Materials and Design. 36, pp. 847-853. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2011.01.063
The synergistic effect of hybrid flame retardants on pyrolysis behaviour of hybrid composite materials
Albdiry, M. T., Almosawi, A. I. and Yousif, B. F.. 2012. "The synergistic effect of hybrid flame retardants on pyrolysis behaviour of hybrid composite materials." Journal of Engineering Science and Technology. 7 (3), pp. 351-359.
Tribo performance of T-BFRP composite subjected to dry/wet contact conditions
Nirmal, Umar, Hashim, Jamil, Rilling, Dirk, Brevern, P. V. and Yousif, B. F.. 2012. "Tribo performance of T-BFRP composite subjected to dry/wet contact conditions." Francis, Elizabeth (ed.) Natural polymers, biopolymers, biomaterials, and their composites, blends, and IPNs. Toronto, Canada. Apple Academic Press (CRC Press). pp. 311-325
Flexural properties of treated and untreated kenaf/epoxy composites
Yousif, B. F., Shalwan, A., Chin, C. W. and Ming, K. C.. 2012. "Flexural properties of treated and untreated kenaf/epoxy composites." Materials and Design. 40, pp. 378-385. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2012.04.017
Modeling the flexural properties of SLG reinforced phenol formaldehyde composites using Langrage’s Method
Ku, H., Zhou, Hong, Wong, Peter, Su, Gang and Vadher, Jayent. 2012. "Modeling the flexural properties of SLG reinforced phenol formaldehyde composites using Langrage’s Method ." Advanced Materials Research. 410, pp. 305-308. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.410.305
Flexural properties of epoxy composites filled with glass powder: preliminary results
Ku, H., Wong, P., Huang, J., Fung, H. and Trada, M.. 2012. "Flexural properties of epoxy composites filled with glass powder: preliminary results." Advanced Materials Research. 410, pp. 309-312. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.410.309
Design of newly fabricated tribological machine for wear and frictional experiments under dry/wet condition
Yousif, B. F.. 2013. "Design of newly fabricated tribological machine for wear and frictional experiments under dry/wet condition." Materials and Design. 48, pp. 2-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2012.06.046
Tensile properties of phenol-formaldehyde nanoclay reinforced composites: a pilot study
Ku, H., Yap, Y. S., Lee, T. S. and Trada, M.. 2012. "Tensile properties of phenol-formaldehyde nanoclay reinforced composites: a pilot study ." Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 126 (2 (Supplement)), pp. E142-E150. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.35232
Betelnut fibres as an alternative to glass fibres to reinforce thermoset composites: a comparative study
Nirmal, Umar, Hashim, Jamil, Lau, Saijod T. W., Yuhazri, M. Y. and Yousif, B. F.. 2012. "Betelnut fibres as an alternative to glass fibres to reinforce thermoset composites: a comparative study." Textile Research Journal. 82 (11), pp. 1107-1120. https://doi.org/10.1177/0040517512439945
Morphological structures and tribological performance of unsaturated polyester based untreated/silane-treated halloysite nanotubes
Albdiry, M. T. and Yousif, B. F.. 2013. "Morphological structures and tribological performance of unsaturated polyester based untreated/silane-treated halloysite nanotubes." Materials and Design. 48, pp. 68-76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2012.08.035
A critical review on the manufacturing processes in relation to the properties of nanoclay/polymer composites
Albdiry, M. T., Yousif, B. F., Ku, H. and Lau, K. T.. 2013. "A critical review on the manufacturing processes in relation to the properties of nanoclay/polymer composites." Journal of Composite Materials. 47 (9), pp. 1093-1115. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998312445592
Fracture toughness of vinyl ester composites reinforced with sawdust and postcured in microwaves
Ku, H., Prajapati, M. and Trada, M.. 2012. "Fracture toughness of vinyl ester composites reinforced with sawdust and postcured in microwaves." International Journal of Microwave Science and Technology. 2012, pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/152726
Courses for teaching leadership capacity in professional engineering degrees in Australia and Europe
Khattak, Hamid, Ku, Harry and Goh, Steven. 2012. "Courses for teaching leadership capacity in professional engineering degrees in Australia and Europe." European Journal of Engineering Education. 37 (3), pp. 279-296. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043797.2012.684671
Thermal properties of calcium carbonate powder reinforced vinyl ester composites: pilot study
Ku, Harry, Cardona, Francisco and Jamal Eddine, Mustapha. 2013. "Thermal properties of calcium carbonate powder reinforced vinyl ester composites: pilot study." Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 127 (4), pp. 2996-3001. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.37973
Flexural properties of sawdust-reinforced epoxy composites post-cured in microwaves
Ku, H., Donald, M., Cardona, F. and Trada, M.. 2012. "Flexural properties of sawdust-reinforced epoxy composites post-cured in microwaves." Journal of Composite Materials. 46 (22), pp. 2879-2890. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998311433437
Contrast on tensile and flexural properties of glass powder reinforced epoxy composites: pilot study
Ku, H. and Wong, P.. 2012. "Contrast on tensile and flexural properties of glass powder reinforced epoxy composites: pilot study ." Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 123 (1), pp. 152-161. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.34469
On integration of mirror collector and Stirling engine for solar power system
Yousif, B. F., Al-Shalabi, Ammar and Rilling, Dirk G.. 2011. "On integration of mirror collector and Stirling engine for solar power system." Gökçekuş, Hüseyin, Umut, Türker and LaMoreaux, James W. (ed.) 2007 International Conference on Environment: Survival and Sustainability (ESS 2007). Nicosia, Northern Cyprus 19 - 24 Feb 2007 Germany. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-95991-5_47
Crude palm oil fuel for diesel-engines: experimental and ANN simulation approaches
Yusaf, T. F., Yousif, B. F. and Elawad, M. M.. 2011. "Crude palm oil fuel for diesel-engines: experimental and ANN simulation approaches." Energy. 36 (8), pp. 4871-4878. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2011.05.032
Wear and frictional performance of polymeric composites aged in various solutions
Yousif, B. F. and Nirmal, Umar. 2011. "Wear and frictional performance of polymeric composites aged in various solutions." Wear. 272 (1), pp. 97-104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2011.07.006
Using computer software packages to enhance the teaching of engineering management science: part 1 - critical path networks
Ku, H., Fulcher, R. and Xiang, W.. 2011. "Using computer software packages to enhance the teaching of engineering management science: part 1 - critical path networks." Computer Applications in Engineering Education. 19 (1), pp. 26-39. https://doi.org/10.1002/cae.20286
A pilot study on the relationship between mechanical and electrical loss tangents of glass powder reinforced epoxy composites post-cured in microwaves
Ku, H., Wong, P., Maxwell, A., Huang, J., Fung, H. and Mohan, T.. 2011. "A pilot study on the relationship between mechanical and electrical loss tangents of glass powder reinforced epoxy composites post-cured in microwaves." Zhu, Zeng (ed.) ICKEM 2011: 1st International Conference on Key Engineering Materials. Sanya, China 25 - 27 Mar 2011 Zurich, Switzerland. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.214.26
Flexible engineering degree programs with remote access laboratories in an Australian regional university known for its excellence in e-learning
Ku, H., Goh, S. and Ahfock, A.. 2011. "Flexible engineering degree programs with remote access laboratories in an Australian regional university known for its excellence in e-learning." Computer Applications in Engineering Education. 19 (1), pp. 18-25. https://doi.org/10.1002/cae.20284
Adhesive wear of thermoplastic composite based on kenaf fibres
Singh, N., Yousif, B. F. and Rilling, D.. 2011. "Adhesive wear of thermoplastic composite based on kenaf fibres." Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology. 225 (2), pp. 101-109. https://doi.org/10.1177/2041305X10394053
Assessing heat-treatment effects on bovine cortical bones by nanoindentation
Lau, Mei-ling, Lau, Kin-tak, Ku, Harry, Bahattacharyya, Debes and Lee, Joong-Hee. 2012. "Assessing heat-treatment effects on bovine cortical bones by nanoindentation ." Advanced Materials Research. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.410.110
Tribological characteristics of sustainable fibre reinforced thermoplastic composites under wet adhesive wear
Singh, Narish, Yousif, B. F. and Rilling, Dirk. 2011. "Tribological characteristics of sustainable fibre reinforced thermoplastic composites under wet adhesive wear." Tribology Transactions. 54 (5), pp. 736-748. https://doi.org/10.1080/10402004.2011.597544
Relationship between different mechanical properties of phenol formaldehyde SLG-reinforced composites
Ku, H. S.. 2011. "Relationship between different mechanical properties of phenol formaldehyde SLG-reinforced composites." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 30 (15), pp. 1281-1292. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684411418705
Relationship between electrical and mechanical loss tangents of hollow glass powder reinforced epoxy composites: a pilot study
Ku, H., Maxwell, A., Wong, P., Huang, J. and Fung, H.. 2011. "Relationship between electrical and mechanical loss tangents of hollow glass powder reinforced epoxy composites: a pilot study ." Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 119 (5), pp. 2945-2952. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.33009
Investigations on wear and frictional properties of kenaf fibre polyurethane composites under dry and wet contact conditions
Singh, Narish, Yousif, B. F. and Rilling, Dirk. 2011. "Investigations on wear and frictional properties of kenaf fibre polyurethane composites under dry and wet contact conditions." International Journal of Precision Technology. 2 (4), pp. 375-387. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJPTECH.2011.044904
ANN for tribological applications
Nasir, Touqeer, Salih, Nbhan D., Hui, Liew T., Wen, Chin Chee and Yousif, B. F.. 2010. "ANN for tribological applications." Ghia, Urmila (ed.) 2009 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE 2009). Florida, United States of America 13 - 19 Nov 2009 United States. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2009-10161
Wet adhesive wear characteristics of untreated oil palm fibre-reinforced polyester and treated oil palm fibre-reinforced polyester composites using the pin-on-disc and block-on-ring techniques
Yousif, B. F. and El-Tayeb, N. S. M.. 2010. "Wet adhesive wear characteristics of untreated oil palm fibre-reinforced polyester and treated oil palm fibre-reinforced polyester composites using the pin-on-disc and block-on-ring techniques." Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology. 224 (2), pp. 123-131. https://doi.org/10.1243/13506501JET655
An investigation into the application of research strategies in the final-year undergraduate engineering and surveying projects
Cochrane, Sandra, Goh, Steven and Ku, Harry. 2009. "An investigation into the application of research strategies in the final-year undergraduate engineering and surveying projects." Kestell, Colin, Grainger, Steven and Cheung, John (ed.) 20th Annual Conference for the Australasian Association of Engineering Education (AAEE 2009). Adelaide, Australia 06 - 09 Dec 2009 Adelaide, Australia.
Engineering education - undergraduate and masters: China and down under
Ku, Harry, Wen, Paul, Xiang, Wei and Goh, Steven. 2009. "Engineering education - undergraduate and masters: China and down under." Kestell, Colin, Grainger, Steven and Cheung, John (ed.) 20th Annual Conference for the Australasian Association of Engineering Education (AAEE 2009). Adelaide, Australia 06 - 09 Dec 2009 Adelaide, Australia.
Research design for investigation of Nigeria manufacturing management
Mustapha, U. M., Ku, H. and Goh, S.. 2009. "Research design for investigation of Nigeria manufacturing management." Wen, Peng, Li, Yuefeng, Polkowski, Lech, Yao, Yiyu, Tsumoto, Shusaku and Wang, Guoyin (ed.) 4th International Conference on Rough Sets and Knowledge Technology (RSKT 2009). Gold Coast, Australia 14 - 16 Jul 2009 Berlin, Germany. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-02962-2_58
Effects of chopped hemp on mechanical and thermal properties of epoxy resins
Vandenbroucke, A., Cardona, F., Ku, H. and Rogers, D.. 2009. "Effects of chopped hemp on mechanical and thermal properties of epoxy resins ." Aravinthan, Thiru, Karunasena, Warna (Karu) and Wang, Hao (ed.) 20th Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials (ACMSM20). Toowoomba, Australia 02 - 05 Dec 2008 London, United Kingdom.
Effects of EPON on mechanical and thermal properties of epoxy resins
Ku, H., Cardona, F., Rogers, D. and Vandenbroucke, A.. 2008. "Effects of EPON on mechanical and thermal properties of epoxy resins ." Lau, Alan K. T., Lu, J., Varadan, Vijay K., Chang, F. K., Tu, J. P. and Lam, P. M. (ed.) ICMMSE 2008: International Conference on Multifunctional Materials and Structures. Hong Kong, China 28 - 31 Jul 2008 Stafa-Zurich, Switzerland. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.47-50.536
Weldability and heat affected zone (HAZ) evaluation for high energy rate joining of thermoplastic composites using microwaves
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 1997. "Weldability and heat affected zone (HAZ) evaluation for high energy rate joining of thermoplastic composites using microwaves ." Herszberg, Isreal (ed.) 11th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-11). Gold Coast, Australia 14 - 18 Jul 1997 Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Complex permittivity of low loss thermoplastic composites using a resonant cavity method
Ku, Harry S., Ball, James A. R., Siores, Elias and Chan, Peter. 1999. "Complex permittivity of low loss thermoplastic composites using a resonant cavity method ." Massard, Thierry and Vautrin, Alain (ed.) 12th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-12). Paris, France 05 - 09 Jul 1999 Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Prediction of crushing stress in composite materials
Goh, S., Ku, H. and Ang, S. L.. 2008. "Prediction of crushing stress in composite materials." Journal of Composite Materials. 42 (5), pp. 467-484. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998307086204
Micrographs of fractured vinyl ester composites
Ku, Harry S., Ang, Soh Fong, Snook, Chris and Baddeley, Douglas. 2007. "Micrographs of fractured vinyl ester composites." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 26 (11), pp. 1111-1134. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684407079778
Processing of polymer matrix composites using variable frequency microwave (VFM)
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias, Ball, James A. R. and Chan, Peter. 2001. "Processing of polymer matrix composites using variable frequency microwave (VFM) ." Zhang, Yao (ed.) 13th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-13) . Beijing, China 25 - 29 Jun 2001 China.
Variable frequency microwave (VFM) processing facilities and application in processing thermoplastic matrix composites
Ku, H. S., Siu, F., Siores, E. and Ball, J. A. R.. 2003. "Variable frequency microwave (VFM) processing facilities and application in processing thermoplastic matrix composites." Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 139 (1-3), pp. 291-295. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-0136(03)00238-3
Impact strength of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: preliminary results
Cheng, Y. M., Ku, Harry S., Snook, Chris and Baddeley, Douglas. 2004. "Impact strength of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: preliminary results." Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part L: Journal of Materials, Design and Applications. https://doi.org/10.1177/146442070421800405
Short bar tests for vinyl ester particulate reinforced composites cured by microwaves
Ku, Harry S., Tsang, Shing Hin, Baddeley, Douglas and Snook, Chris. 2006. "Short bar tests for vinyl ester particulate reinforced composites cured by microwaves." Australian Journal of Structural Engineering. 7 (1), pp. 65-73.
Fracture toughness of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: preliminary results
Ku, Harry S., Baddeley, Douglas, Snook, Chris and Chew, C. S.. 2005. "Fracture toughness of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: preliminary results." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 24 (11), pp. 1181-1202. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684405048841
Micrographs of the fracture of vinyl ester composites cured by microwaves: pilot study
Chew, C. S., Ku, Harry S., Baddeley, Douglas and Snook, Chris. 2005. "Micrographs of the fracture of vinyl ester composites cured by microwaves: pilot study." Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. 19 (1), pp. 67-82. https://doi.org/10.1163/1569393052955080
Drop weight impact test fracture of vinyl ester composites: micrographs of pilot study
Ku, Harry S., Cheng, Y. M., Snook, Chris and Baddeley, Douglas. 2005. "Drop weight impact test fracture of vinyl ester composites: micrographs of pilot study." Journal of Composite Materials. 39 (18), pp. 1607-1620. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998305051111
Fruit drying process: analysis, modeling and simulation
Abdulla, Shahab, Wen, Paul, Landers, Richard and Yousif, B. F.. 2011. "Fruit drying process: analysis, modeling and simulation." Scientific Research and Essays. 6 (23), pp. 4915-4924.
Flexural properties of phenolic resin reinforced with glass powder: preliminary results
Ku, H., Trada, M., Nixon, R. and Wong, P.. 2010. "Flexural properties of phenolic resin reinforced with glass powder: preliminary results ." Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 116 (1), pp. 347-354. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.31608
Tensile tests of phenol formaldehyde glass-powder-reinforced composites: pilot study
Ku, H., Trada, M., Cecil, T. and Wong, P.. 2010. "Tensile tests of phenol formaldehyde glass-powder-reinforced composites: pilot study." Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 116 (1), pp. 10-17. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.31424
Effects of fillers on the fracture behaviour of particulate polyester composites
Wong, K. J., Yousif, B. F., Low, K. O., Ng, Y. and Tan, S. L.. 2010. "Effects of fillers on the fracture behaviour of particulate polyester composites." Journal of Strain Analysis for Engineering Design. 45 (1), pp. 67-78. https://doi.org/10.1243/03093247JSA553
Effect of betelnut fibres treatment and contact conditions on adhesive wear and frictional performance of polyester composites
Nirmal, Umar, Yousif, B. F., Rilling, Dirk and Brevern, P. V.. 2010. "Effect of betelnut fibres treatment and contact conditions on adhesive wear and frictional performance of polyester composites." Wear. 268 (11-12), pp. 1354-1370. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2010.02.004
The possibility of using polymers in agriculture milling equipment
Al-Sandooq, J. M., Yousif, B. F. and Jensen, T. A.. 2011. "The possibility of using polymers in agriculture milling equipment." Banhazi, T., Saunders, C. and Hegarty, R. (ed.) SEAg 2011: Diverse Challenges, Innovative Solutions. Gold Coast, Australia 29 - 30 Sep 2011 Canberra, Australia.
The effects of alkali treatment on the interfacial adhesion of bamboo fibres
Wong, K. J., Yousif, B. F. and Low, K. O.. 2010. "The effects of alkali treatment on the interfacial adhesion of bamboo fibres." Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part L: Journal of Materials, Design and Applications. 224 (3), pp. 139-148. https://doi.org/10.1243/14644207JMDA304
Remote access laboratories in Australia and Europe
Ku, H., Ahfock, T. and Yusaf, T.. 2011. "Remote access laboratories in Australia and Europe." European Journal of Engineering Education. 36 (3), pp. 253-268. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043797.2011.578244
Literature review of past and present performance of the Nigerian manufacturing sector
Ku, H. S-L., Mustapha, U. and Goh, S.. 2010. "Literature review of past and present performance of the Nigerian manufacturing sector ." IMechE 2010: Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Lyon, France 04 Nov 2010 United Kingdom. SAGE Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1243/09544054JEM1818
CNG-diesel engine performance and exhaust emission analysis with the aid of artificial neural network
Yusaf, Talal F., Buttsworth, D. R., Saleh, Khalid H. and Yousif, B. F.. 2010. "CNG-diesel engine performance and exhaust emission analysis with the aid of artificial neural network." Applied Energy. 87 (5), pp. 1661-1669. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.10.009
Tribological behaviour of KFRE composite
Chin, C. W. and Yousif, B. F.. 2010. "Tribological behaviour of KFRE composite." International Journal of Modern Physics B. 24 (28), pp. 5589-5599. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0217979210056232
Effect of oil palm fibres volume fraction on mechanical properties of polyester composites
Yousif, B. F.. 2010. "Effect of oil palm fibres volume fraction on mechanical properties of polyester composites." International Journal of Modern Physics B. 24 (23), pp. 4459-4470. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0217979210056633
Three-body abrasion on wear and frictional performance of treated betelnut fibre reinforced epoxy (T-BFRE) composite
Yousif, B. F., Nirmal, Umar and Wong, K. J.. 2010. "Three-body abrasion on wear and frictional performance of treated betelnut fibre reinforced epoxy (T-BFRE) composite." Materials and Design. 31 (9), pp. 4514-4521. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2010.04.008
Wear characteristics of thermoset composite under high stress three-body abrasive
Yousif, B. F. and El-Tayeb, N. S. M.. 2010. "Wear characteristics of thermoset composite under high stress three-body abrasive." Tribology International. 43 (12), pp. 2365-2371. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2010.08.010
Preliminary results on literature review skills of students doing capstone projects
Ku, Harry S. and Goh, Steven C.. 2010. "Preliminary results on literature review skills of students doing capstone projects." Goh, Steven C. and Wang, Hao (ed.) 2010 Southern Region Engineering Conference (SREC 2010). Toowoomba, Australia 11 - 12 Nov 2010 Toowoomba, Australia.
A review on the tensile properties of natural fiber reinforced polymer composites
Ku, H., Wang, H., Pattarachaiyakoop, N. and Trada, M.. 2011. "A review on the tensile properties of natural fiber reinforced polymer composites ." Composites Part B: Engineering. 42 (4), pp. 856-873. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2011.01.010
Thermal properties of sawdust reinforced vinyl ester composites post-cured in microwaves: a pilot study
Ku, H., Prajapati, M. and Cardona, F.. 2011. "Thermal properties of sawdust reinforced vinyl ester composites post-cured in microwaves: a pilot study ." Composites Part B: Engineering. 42 (4), pp. 898-906. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2011.01.008
Thin-layer drying characteristics of banana slices in a force convection indirect solar drying
Fadhel, M. I., Abdo, Ramez Abdulwasea, Yousif, B. F., Zaharim, Azami and Sopian, K.. 2011. "Thin-layer drying characteristics of banana slices in a force convection indirect solar drying." Bojkovic, Zoran, Kacprzyk, Janusz, Mastorakis, Nikos, Mladenov, Valeri, Revetria, Roberto, Zadeh, Lotfi A. and Zemliak, Alexander (ed.) 6th IASME/WSEAS International Conference on Energy and Environment (EE 2011): Recent Researches in Energy and Environment. Cambridge, United Kingdom 23 - 25 Feb 2011 Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Badminton training machine with impact mechanism
Yousif, B. F. and Yeh, Kok Soon. 2011. "Badminton training machine with impact mechanism." Journal of Engineering Science and Technology. 6 (1), pp. 61-68.
Qualitative methodologies for dummies: engineers in investigating the quality of final year engineering research project
Goh, Steven and Ku, Harry. 2010. "Qualitative methodologies for dummies: engineers in investigating the quality of final year engineering research project." Hudson, Peter, Chandra, Vinesh, King, Donna and Lee, Kar-Tin (ed.) 1st Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics in Education Conference (STEM 2010). Brisbane, Australia 26 - 27 Nov 2010 Brisbane, Australia.
Effect of tannin on flexural properties of phenol formaldehyde glycerol reinforced composites: preliminary results
Cardona, F., Ku, H. and Chouzenoux, L.. 2010. "Effect of tannin on flexural properties of phenol formaldehyde glycerol reinforced composites: preliminary results ." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 29 (24), pp. 3543-3553. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684410381152
Work in Progress - Intervening to Improve the Dissertation of Final Year Engineering Research Projects
Goh, Steven and Ku, Harry. 2011. "Work in Progress - Intervening to Improve the Dissertation of Final Year Engineering Research Projects." 41st ASEE/IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE 2011): Celebrating 41 Years of Monumental Innovations from around the World. Rapid City, United States 12 - 15 Oct 2011 United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/FIE.2011.6142897
Using computer software packages to enhance the teaching in engineering management science: part 3 - simulation
Ku, H. and Fulcher, R.. 2012. "Using computer software packages to enhance the teaching in engineering management science: part 3 - simulation ." Computer Applications in Engineering Education. 20 (3), pp. 547-552. https://doi.org/10.1002/cae.20423
Using computer software packages to enhance the teaching in engineering management science: part 2 - programming techniques
Ku, H. and Fulcher, R.. 2012. "Using computer software packages to enhance the teaching in engineering management science: part 2 - programming techniques ." Computer Applications in Engineering Education. 20 ( 1), pp. 114-123. https://doi.org/10.1002/cae.20379
The potential of using treated betelnut fibres as reinforcement for tribo-bio polymeric composites subjected to dry/wet contact conditions
Nirmal, Umar, Jamil, Nadia, Yousif, B. F., Rilling, Dirk and Brevern, P. V.. 2010. "The potential of using treated betelnut fibres as reinforcement for tribo-bio polymeric composites subjected to dry/wet contact conditions." 2nd International Conference on Natural Polymers, Bio-Polymers, Bio-Materials, their Composites, Blends, IPN's and Gels Polyelectrolytes and Gels: Macro to Nano Scales (ICNP - 2010). Kottayam, India 24 - 26 Sep 2010 India.
On the development of solar drying system
Chai, Adrian Ngu Ming, Ibrahim, M., Chuan, Cheah Bin and Yousif, B. F.. 2010. "On the development of solar drying system." 2009 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE 2009). Florida, United States of America 13 - 19 Nov 2009 Boston, MA. United States. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2009-12294
The potential of using betelnut fibres for tribo-polyester composites considering three different orientations
Yousif, B. F., Gill, Nirmal Singh, Lau, Saijod T. W. and Devadas, Alvin. 2009. "The potential of using betelnut fibres for tribo-polyester composites considering three different orientations." 2008 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE 2008). Boston, United States of America 31 Oct - 06 Nov 2008 Boston, MA. United States. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2008-68648
Adhesive and frictional behaviour of polymeric composites based on kenaf fibre
Chin, C. W. and Yousif, B. F.. 2008. "Adhesive and frictional behaviour of polymeric composites based on kenaf fibre." Sinha, Sujeet (ed.) 2nd International Conference on Advanced Tribology (iCAT 2008). Singapore 03 - 05 Dec 2008 Singapore.
A pilot study on the flexural properties of vinyl ester composites filled with glass powder
Ku, H., Trada, M. and Huq, R.. 2010. "A pilot study on the flexural properties of vinyl ester composites filled with glass powder ." Advanced Materials Research. 123-125, pp. 3-6. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.123-125.3
Tribological evaluations of polyester composites considering three orientations of CSM glass fibres using BOR machine
Yousif, B. F. and El-Tayeb, N. S. M.. 2007. "Tribological evaluations of polyester composites considering three orientations of CSM glass fibres using BOR machine." Applied Composite Materials. 14 (2), pp. 105-116. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10443-007-9034-2
Design consideration of low temperature differential double-acting Stirling engine for solar application
Abdullah, Shahrir, Yousif, B. F. and Sopian, Kamaruzzaman. 2005. "Design consideration of low temperature differential double-acting Stirling engine for solar application." Renewable Energy. 30 (1), pp. 1923-1941. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2004.11.011
Abrasive wear behaviour of epoxy composite based on kenaf fibres
Yousif, B. F. and Yusaf, Talal. 2010. "Abrasive wear behaviour of epoxy composite based on kenaf fibres." Gwidon, Stachowiak (ed.) ASIATRIB 2010: Frontiers in Tribology - Knowledge and Friendship. Perth, Australia 05 - 09 Dec 2010
Adhesive wear and frictional characteristics of UHMWPE and HDPE sliding against different counterfaces under dry contact condition
Yousif, B. F., Alsofyani, I. M. and Yusaf, Talal. 2010. "Adhesive wear and frictional characteristics of UHMWPE and HDPE sliding against different counterfaces under dry contact condition." Tribology. 4 (2), pp. 78-85. https://doi.org/10.1179/175158310X12678019274408
An investigation on worn surfaces of chopped glass fibre reinforced polyester through SEM observations
El-Tayeb, N. S. M., Yousif, B. F. and Yap, T. C.. 2008. "An investigation on worn surfaces of chopped glass fibre reinforced polyester through SEM observations." Tribology International. 41 (5), pp. 331-340. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2007.07.007
Frictional and wear performance of polyester composites based on coir fibres
Yousif, B. F.. 2009. "Frictional and wear performance of polyester composites based on coir fibres." Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology. 223 (1), pp. 51 -59. https://doi.org/10.1243/13506501JET455
Wear and frictional performance of betelnut fibre-reinforced polyester composite
Gill, N. Singh and Yousif, B. F.. 2009. "Wear and frictional performance of betelnut fibre-reinforced polyester composite." Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology. 223 (2), pp. 183-194. https://doi.org/10.1243/13506501JET516
Evaluation of glass fiber reinforced polyester composite for multi-pass abrasive wear applications
El-Tayeb, N. S. M. and Yousif, B. F.. 2007. "Evaluation of glass fiber reinforced polyester composite for multi-pass abrasive wear applications." Wear. 262 (9-10), pp. 1140-1151. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2006.11.015
Tribological studies of polyester reinforced with CSM 450-R-glass fiber sliding against smooth stainless steel counterface
El-Tayeb, N. S. M., Yousif, B. F. and Yap, T. C.. 2005. "Tribological studies of polyester reinforced with CSM 450-R-glass fiber sliding against smooth stainless steel counterface." Wear. 261 (3-4), pp. 443-452. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2005.12.014
On the effect of counterface materials on tribo-behavior of steel wire sliding under dry contact condition
Chee, Su Be, Al Shalabi, Ammar and Yousif, B. F.. 2008. "On the effect of counterface materials on tribo-behavior of steel wire sliding under dry contact condition." Surface Review and Letters. 15 (4), pp. 355-360. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218625X08011482
Adhesive wear performance of CFRP multilayered polyester composites under dry/wet contact conditions
Danaelan, D. and Yousif, B. F.. 2008. "Adhesive wear performance of CFRP multilayered polyester composites under dry/wet contact conditions." Surface Review and Letters. 15 (6), pp. 919-925. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218625X08012116
The effect of oil palm fibers as reinforcement on tribological performance of polyester composite
Yousif, B. F. and El-Tayeb, N. S. M.. 2007. "The effect of oil palm fibers as reinforcement on tribological performance of polyester composite." Surface Review and Letters. 14 (6), pp. 1095-1102. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218625X07010561
On the effect of woven glass fabric orientations on wear and friction properties of polyester composite
Yousif, B. F. and El-Tayeb, N. S. M.. 2007. "On the effect of woven glass fabric orientations on wear and friction properties of polyester composite." Surface Review and Letters. 14 (3), pp. 489-497. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218625X07009487
Effect of water as lubricant on friction and wear properties of CGRP composite evaluated by POD and BOR techniques
Yousif, B. F. and El-Tayeb, N. S. M.. 2007. "Effect of water as lubricant on friction and wear properties of CGRP composite evaluated by POD and BOR techniques." Surface Review and Letters. 14 (2), pp. 185-191. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218625X07009244
Development of polymer network of phenolic and epoxies resins mixed with linseed oil: pilot study
Ku, H., Cardona, F., Rogers, D. and Munoz, J.-C.. 2010. "Development of polymer network of phenolic and epoxies resins mixed with linseed oil: pilot study ." Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance. 19 (6), pp. 912-919. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-009-9549-9
Replacing of glass fibres with seed oil palm fibres for tribopolymeric composites
Yousif, B. F.. 2008. "Replacing of glass fibres with seed oil palm fibres for tribopolymeric composites." Tribology. 2 (2), pp. 99-103. https://doi.org/10.1179/175158308X383189
Final year engineering projects in Australia and Europe
Ku, H. and Goh, S.. 2010. "Final year engineering projects in Australia and Europe." European Journal of Engineering Education. 35 (2), pp. 161-173. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043790903497336
Optimum percentage of fly ash reinforcement in vinyl ester composites
Ku, H., Kota, V. and Trada, M.. 2010. "Optimum percentage of fly ash reinforcement in vinyl ester composites ." Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. 22 (1), pp. 104-107. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0899-1561(2010)22:1(104)
A lucrative export - engineering education: down under
Ross, David, Ku, Harry S. and Penfold, Peter. 2009. "A lucrative export - engineering education: down under." DIAS Technology Review. 5 (2), pp. 14-23.
Adhesive wear performance of T-OPRP and UT-OPRP composites
El-Tayeb, N. S. M. and Yousif, B. F.. 2008. "Adhesive wear performance of T-OPRP and UT-OPRP composites." Tribology Letters. 32 (3), pp. 199-208. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11249-008-9381-7
Fracture behaviour of glass fibre-reinforced polyester composite
Leonard, L. W. H., Wong, K. J., Low, K. O. and Yousif, B. F.. 2009. "Fracture behaviour of glass fibre-reinforced polyester composite." Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part L: Journal of Materials, Design and Applications. 223 (2), pp. 83-89. https://doi.org/10.1243/14644207JMDA224
An artificial neural network for prediction of the friction coefficient of multi-layer polymeric composites in three different orientations
Nasir, T., Yousif, B. F., McWilliam, S., Salih, N. D. and Hui, L. T.. 2010. "An artificial neural network for prediction of the friction coefficient of multi-layer polymeric composites in three different orientations." Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science. 224 (2), pp. 419-429. https://doi.org/10.1243/09544062JMES1677
Polyester composite based on betelnut fibre for tribological applications
Yousif, B. F., Lau, Saijod T. W. and McWilliam, S.. 2010. "Polyester composite based on betelnut fibre for tribological applications." Tribology International. 43 (1-2), pp. 503-511. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2009.08.006
Flexural properties of sawdust reinforced phenolic composites: pilot study
Ku, Harry Siu-Lung, Cardona, Francisco, Trada, Mohar and Vigier, Gurlaume. 2009. "Flexural properties of sawdust reinforced phenolic composites: pilot study." Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 114 (3), pp. 1927-1934. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.30610
Engineering education in China and Australia: addressing the demand-supply gap
Ku, Siu Lung Harry, Wen, Peng and Xiang, Wei. 2010. "Engineering education in China and Australia: addressing the demand-supply gap." Hong Kong Institution of Engineers, Transactions. 17 (2), pp. 20-26.
Flexural properties of phenolic resin reinforced with glass powder
Ku, Harry S., Trada, Mohan, Zong, Xuejin and Wong, Peter. 2009. "Flexural properties of phenolic resin reinforced with glass powder." Liao, W. H. (ed.) ICAST 2009: 20th International Conference on Adaptive Structures and Technologies . Shatin, Hong Kong 20 - 22 Oct 2009 Hong Kong.
Flexural strength of phenol formaldehyde composites post-cured in microwaves: preliminary results
Trada, Mohan, Ku, Harry and Vedhar, Jayant. 2009. "Flexural strength of phenol formaldehyde composites post-cured in microwaves: preliminary results ." Advanced Materials Research. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.79-82.1399
Teaching of critical path networks using software packages
Ku, H.. 2009. "Teaching of critical path networks using software packages ." Wen, Peng, Li, Yuefeng, Polkowski, Lech, Yao, Yiyu, Tsumoto, Shusaku and Wang, Guoyin (ed.) 4th International Conference on Rough Sets and Knowledge Technology (RSKT 2009). Gold Coast, Australia 14 - 16 Jul 2009 Berlin, Germany. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-02962-2_55
Potential of kenaf fibres as reinforcement for tribological applications
Chin, C. W. and Yousif, B. F.. 2009. "Potential of kenaf fibres as reinforcement for tribological applications." Wear. 267 (9-10), pp. 1550-1557. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2009.06.002
Fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites reinforced with e-spheres
Ku, H., Cardona, F., Pattarachaiyakoop, N. and Trada, M.. 2009. "Fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites reinforced with e-spheres ." Journal of Composite Materials. 43 (7), pp. 741-754. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998308101296
Contrasts on fracture toughness and flexural strength of varying percentages of SLG-reinforced phenolic composites
Ku, H. S., Fok, S. C. and Siores, E.. 2009. "Contrasts on fracture toughness and flexural strength of varying percentages of SLG-reinforced phenolic composites." Journal of Composite Materials. 43 (8), pp. 885-895. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998308103159
A simplified empirical model for prediction of mechanical properties of random short fiber/vinylester composites
Epaarachchi, J., Ku, H. and Gohel, K.. 2010. "A simplified empirical model for prediction of mechanical properties of random short fiber/vinylester composites." Journal of Composite Materials. 44 (6), pp. 779-788. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998309346383
Flexural tests of phenol formaldehyde and SLG composites: pilot study
Cardona, F., Rogers, D., Gurney, R., Trada, M. and Ku, H.. 2009. "Flexural tests of phenol formaldehyde and SLG composites: pilot study ." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 28 (22), pp. 2761-2769. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684408093871
Performance and exhaust emission of a SI engine fuelled with potato waste ethanol and its blends with gasoline
Najafi, G., Yusaf, T. F., Ghobadian, B., Najmeddin, V. R. and Yousif, B. F.. 2009. "Performance and exhaust emission of a SI engine fuelled with potato waste ethanol and its blends with gasoline." International Energy Journal. 10 (4), pp. 215-226.
Use of wireless tablet PCs as an effective learning and teaching enhancement tool
Xiang, Wei, Goh, Steven, Pather, Selvan, Maxwell, Andrew, Wang, Hao and Ku, Harry. 2009. "Use of wireless tablet PCs as an effective learning and teaching enhancement tool." Foley, Chris (ed.) EDUCAUSE Australasia Conference 2009: Innovate, Collaborate and Sustain. Perth, Australia 03 - 06 May 2009 Wembley, Western Australia.
Mathematical modeling of the fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites reinforced with E-spheres
Ku, H., Xiang, W. and Pattarachaiyakoop, N.. 2009. "Mathematical modeling of the fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites reinforced with E-spheres ." Advanced Materials Research. 79-82, pp. 1165-1168. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.79-82.1165
Adhesive wear and frictional behaviour of multilayered polyester composite based on betelnut fiber mats under wet contact conditions
Yousif, B. F., Devadas, Alvin and Yusaf, Talal. 2009. "Adhesive wear and frictional behaviour of multilayered polyester composite based on betelnut fiber mats under wet contact conditions." Surface Review and Letters. 16 (3), pp. 407-414. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218625X09012792
Tensile tests of phenol formaldehyde SLG reinforced composites: pilot study
Ku, H., Jacobson, W., Trada, M., Cardona, F. and Rogers, D.. 2008. "Tensile tests of phenol formaldehyde SLG reinforced composites: pilot study." Journal of Composite Materials. 42 (26), pp. 2783-2793. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998308096334
Editorial
Venkatesh, V. C. and Yousif, Belal F.. 2009. "Editorial." International Journal of Manufacturing Technology and Management. 17 (4).
Relationship between electrical and mechanical loss tangents of SLG reinforced phenolic composites: pilot study
Ku, H., Cardona, F., Ball, J., Jacobson, W. and Trada, M.. 2008. "Relationship between electrical and mechanical loss tangents of SLG reinforced phenolic composites: pilot study ." Journal of Composite Materials. 42 (19), pp. 2083-2095. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998308094548
Hong Kong Higher Diploma in Engineering and Australian Bachelor of Technology in Engineering: similarities and differences
Morgan, Michael J., Fulcher, Robert and Ku, Harry S.. 1996. "Hong Kong Higher Diploma in Engineering and Australian Bachelor of Technology in Engineering: similarities and differences." Asia Engineer.
Articulation, credit transfer and flexible delivery of engineering degree courses: Australia, Malaysia and Hong Kong
Morgan, M. J., Fulcher, R. L. and Ku, H. S.. 1998. "Articulation, credit transfer and flexible delivery of engineering degree courses: Australia, Malaysia and Hong Kong." Jurutera: Institution of Engineers Malaysia Monthly Bulletin. 1998 (1), pp. 57-67.
Innovative residential schools for engineering degree courses
Morgan, Michael J., Fulcher, Robert and Ku, Harry S.. 1999. "Innovative residential schools for engineering degree courses ." Quarterly Journal of Singapore Institute of Engineering Technologists. 18 (4), pp. 53-58.
Loss tangent for low loss thermoplastic composites
Ku, Harry S., Ball, James A. R., Siores, Elias and Chan, Peter. 1999. "Loss tangent for low loss thermoplastic composites ." Science and Engineering of Composite Materials. 8 (3), pp. 123-128.
Microwave facilities for welding thermoplastic composites and preliminary results
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 1999. "Microwave facilities for welding thermoplastic composites and preliminary results." Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy. 34 (4), pp. 195-205.
Variable frequency microwave (VFM) processing facilities and application in processing thermoplastic matrix composites
Ku, Harry S., Siu, Fred, Siores, Elias, Ball, James A. R. and Blicblau, A. S.. 2000. "Variable frequency microwave (VFM) processing facilities and application in processing thermoplastic matrix composites ." Lee, W. B. (ed.) IMCC'2000: 9th International Manufacturing Conference in China: Innovation and Technology for the New Millennium. Hong Kong, China 16 - 17 Aug 2000 Hong Kong.
Microwave processing and permittivity measurement of thermoplastic composites at elevated temperature
Ku, Harry S., Ball, James A. R., Siores, Elias and Horsfield, Brendan. 1999. "Microwave processing and permittivity measurement of thermoplastic composites at elevated temperature ." Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 89-90, pp. 419-424. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-0136(99)00018-7
An important step in microwave processing of materials: permittivity measurements of thermoplastic composites at elevated temperatures
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias, Ball, James A. R. and Horsfield, Brendan. 1998. "An important step in microwave processing of materials: permittivity measurements of thermoplastic composites at elevated temperatures." Salem, Sam (ed.) 1998 Pacific Conference on Manufacturing. Brisbane, Australia 18 - 21 Aug 1998 Brisbane, Australia.
Characterisation of thermoplastic matrix composites (TPC) using variable frequency micorwave (VFM)
Ku, Harry S., MacRobert, Martin, Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2000. "Characterisation of thermoplastic matrix composites (TPC) using variable frequency micorwave (VFM)." Plastics Rubber and Composites. 29 (6), pp. 285-287.
Variable frequency microwave processing of thermoplastic composites
Ku, Harry S., MacRobert, Martin, Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2000. "Variable frequency microwave processing of thermoplastic composites ." Plastics Rubber and Composites. 29 (6), pp. 278-284.
Effects of catalysts and post-curing conditions in the polymer network of epoxy and phenolic resins: preliminary results
Munoz, J.-C., Ku, H., Cardona, F. and Rogers, D.. 2008. "Effects of catalysts and post-curing conditions in the polymer network of epoxy and phenolic resins: preliminary results ." Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 202 (1-3), pp. 486-492. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2007.10.025
Influence of material structure properties on sliding contact performance of CGRP composite
Yousif, B. F., El-Tayeb, N. S. M. and Yusaf, Talal. 2008. "Influence of material structure properties on sliding contact performance of CGRP composite." International Journal for Manufacturing Science and Technology. 10 (1), pp. 1-7.
Fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites: pilot study
Ku, Harry, Rogers, David, Davey, Robert, Cardona, Francisco and Trada, Mohan. 2008. "Fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites: pilot study." Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance. 17 (1), pp. 85-90. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-007-9115-2
Contrast joints of glass-fibre with carbon-fibre reinforced low density polyethylene composite bonded by microwave irradiation
Ku, H. S.. 2008. "Contrast joints of glass-fibre with carbon-fibre reinforced low density polyethylene composite bonded by microwave irradiation." Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. 22 (1), pp. 69-84. https://doi.org/10.1163/156939308783122760
Processing of composites using variable and fixed frequency microwave facilities
Ku, Harry S. and Yusaf, Talal. 2008. "Processing of composites using variable and fixed frequency microwave facilities." Progress in Electromagnetic Research B. 5, pp. 185-205. https://doi.org/10.2528/PIERB08011304
Shrinkage reduction of thermoset fibre composites during hardening using microwaves irradiation for curing
Ku, Harry S., Van Erp, Gerard, Ball, James A. R., Ayers, Stephen R. and Siu, Fred. 2002. "Shrinkage reduction of thermoset fibre composites during hardening using microwaves irradiation for curing." Wong, S. V., Osman, M. R., Yusuff, R. M. and Ismail, N. (ed.) 2nd World Engineering Congress (WEC 2002). Sarawak, Malaysia 22 - 25 Jul 2002 Malaysia.
An evaluation of fracture toughness of vinyl ester composites cured under microwave conditions
Ku, H., Chan, W. L., Trada, M. and Baddeley, D.. 2007. "An evaluation of fracture toughness of vinyl ester composites cured under microwave conditions." Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance. 16 (6), pp. 741-745. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-007-9104-5
Managing the delivery of 'Manufacturing Processes' in an Australian regional university known for excellence in e-learning
Ross, David and Ku, Harry S.. 2007. "Managing the delivery of 'Manufacturing Processes' in an Australian regional university known for excellence in e-learning ." Delhi Institute of Advanced Studies Technology Review. 4 (1), pp. 46-54.
Relationship between microwave irradiation and constituents of composites during joining process
Ku, H. S., Ball, J. A. R. and Siores, E.. 2000. "Relationship between microwave irradiation and constituents of composites during joining process." Transactions, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. 7 (3), pp. 43-49. https://doi.org/10.1080/1023697X.2000.10667833
Applications of microwaves in non-destructive testing
Ku, H. S., Siu, F., Siores, E. and Ball, J. A. R.. 2001. "Applications of microwaves in non-destructive testing." 10th Asia Pacific Conference on Non-Destructive Testing (2001). Brisbane, Australia 17 - 21 Sep 2001 Melbourne, Australia.
The process of updating engineering management science in an Australian regional university excellence in developing e-learning
Ku, Harry S. and Fulcher, Robert. 2007. "The process of updating engineering management science in an Australian regional university excellence in developing e-learning ." European Journal of Engineering Education. 32 (5), pp. 527-538. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043790701433319
Fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites post-cured in microwaves
Cardona, F., Ku, H., Pattarachaiyakoop, N., Rogers, D. and Trada, M.. 2007. "Fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites post-cured in microwaves." Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. 21 (14), pp. 2137-2146. https://doi.org/10.1163/156939307783152867
Characterisation of chip-on-board (COB) encapsulate epoxies used in the printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) industry using variable frequency microwave (VFM) facilities
Ku, H. S., Siu, F., Mok, P. L., Siores, E. and Ball, J. A. R.. 2002. "Characterisation of chip-on-board (COB) encapsulate epoxies used in the printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) industry using variable frequency microwave (VFM) facilities." Wong, S. V., Osman, M. R., Yusuff, R. M. and Ismail, N. (ed.) 2nd World Engineering Congress (WEC 2002). Sarawak, Malaysia 22 - 25 Jul 2002 Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.
Applications of fixed and variable frequency microwave (VFM) facilities in polymeric materials processing and joining
Ku, H. S., Siu, F., Siores, E. and Ball, J. A. R.. 2002. "Applications of fixed and variable frequency microwave (VFM) facilities in polymeric materials processing and joining ." Wong, S. V., Osman, M. R., Yusuff, R. M. and Ismail, N. (ed.) 2nd World Engineering Congress (WEC 2002). Sarawak, Malaysia 22 - 25 Jul 2002 Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.
Contrast joints of glass-fibre with carbon-fibre reinforced polystyrene composite bonded by microwave irradiation
Ku, Harry S.. 2003. "Contrast joints of glass-fibre with carbon-fibre reinforced polystyrene composite bonded by microwave irradiation ." Transactions, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. 10 (2), pp. 10-16.
Review - microwave processing of materials: part III
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2001. "Review - microwave processing of materials: part III." Transactions, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. 8 (3), pp. 44-50.
Review - microwave processing of materials: part II
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2001. "Review - microwave processing of materials: part II." Transactions, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. 8 (3), pp. 38-43.
Review - microwave processing of materials: part I
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2001. "Review - microwave processing of materials: part I." Transactions, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. 8 (3), pp. 31-37.
Permittivity measurement of thermoplastic composites at elevated temperature
Ku, Harry S., Horsfield, Brendan, Ball, James A. R. and Siores, Elias. 2001. "Permittivity measurement of thermoplastic composites at elevated temperature." Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy. 36 (2), pp. 101-111.
Applications of fixed and variable frequency microwave (VFM) facilities in polymeric materials processing and joining
Ku, H. S., Siu, F., Siores, E., Ball, J. A. R. and Blicblau, A. S.. 2001. "Applications of fixed and variable frequency microwave (VFM) facilities in polymeric materials processing and joining." 5th Asia Pacific Conference on Materials Processing. Seoul, South Korea 25 Jun 2001 Lausanne, Switzerland. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-0136(01)00642-2
Heat distribution and thermal analysis of joining thermoplastic composites using microwave energy
Ku, Harry S., Li, Chun Wai and Lee, Kin Fung. 2002. "Heat distribution and thermal analysis of joining thermoplastic composites using microwave energy." Institution of Engineers, Malaysia. Journal. 64 (2), pp. 6-12.
Microwave energy effects on polymer-matrix and fibre reinforcement of composites during bonding process by microwaves
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2002. "Microwave energy effects on polymer-matrix and fibre reinforcement of composites during bonding process by microwaves." Institution of Engineers, Malaysia. Journal. 63 (4), pp. 20-27.
Lap shear strength comparison between two types of random carbon fibre reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded using variable frequency microwaves (VFM) irradiation
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2002. "Lap shear strength comparison between two types of random carbon fibre reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded using variable frequency microwaves (VFM) irradiation." Journal of Materials Synthesis and Processing. 9 (6), pp. 353-361.
Joining of thirty three percent by weight random glass fibre reinforced polystyrene using variable frequency microwave
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias, Ball, James A. R. and Taube, Alex. 2002. "Joining of thirty three percent by weight random glass fibre reinforced polystyrene using variable frequency microwave." Institution of Engineers, Malaysia. Journal. 63 (2), pp. 18-24.
Risks involved in curing vinyl ester resins using microwaves irradiation
Ku, Harry S.. 2002. "Risks involved in curing vinyl ester resins using microwaves irradiation." Journal of Materials Synthesis and Processing. 10 (2), pp. 97-106.
Productivity improvements through the use of industrial microwave technologies
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias, Taube, Alex and Ball, James A. R.. 2002. "Productivity improvements through the use of industrial microwave technologies." Computers and Industrial Engineering. 42 (2-4), pp. 281-290.
Curing vinyl ester particle-reinforced composites using microwaves
Ku, H.. 2003. "Curing vinyl ester particle-reinforced composites using microwaves." Journal of Composite Materials. 37 (22), pp. 2027-2042. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998303036266
Thermal analysis comparison between two random glass fibre reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded by adhesives using microwaves: preliminary results
Ku, Harry S., Lee, Kin Fung and Li, Chun Wai. 2003. "Thermal analysis comparison between two random glass fibre reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded by adhesives using microwaves: preliminary results." Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. 17 (6), pp. 901-918. https://doi.org/10.1163/156939303322503501
Thermal analysis of joining thermoplastic matrix composites using microwaves
Ku, Harry S., Lee, Kin Fung and Li, Chun Wai. 2003. "Thermal analysis of joining thermoplastic matrix composites using microwaves." Transactions, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. 10 (1), pp. 14-20.
Lap shear strength comparison between different random glass fibre reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded by adhesives using variable frequency microwaves (VFM) irradiation
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias, Ball, James A. R., Taube, Alex and Siu, Fred. 2003. "Lap shear strength comparison between different random glass fibre reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded by adhesives using variable frequency microwaves (VFM) irradiation." Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part L: Journal of Materials, Design and Applications. 217 (1), pp. 65-75.
Joining of thirty three percent by weight random carbon fibre reinforced low density polyethylene using variable frequency microwave
Ku, Harry S.. 2003. "Joining of thirty three percent by weight random carbon fibre reinforced low density polyethylene using variable frequency microwave ." Journal of The Institution of Engineers, Singapore. 43 (1), pp. 20-25.
Thermal analysis of joining Nylon 66 composites using microwave irradiations
Ku, Harry S., Widjaya, Budiman, Lee, Kin Fung and Li, Chun Wai. 2003. "Thermal analysis of joining Nylon 66 composites using microwave irradiations." Transactions of the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering. 27 (3), pp. 259-278.
Shrinkage reduction of thermoset matrix particle reinforced composites during curing using microwaves irradiation
Ku, Harry S. and Siores, Elias. 2004. "Shrinkage reduction of thermoset matrix particle reinforced composites during curing using microwaves irradiation." Transactions, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. 11 (3), pp. 29-34.
Productivity improvement of composites processing through the use of industrial microwave technologies
Ku, Harry S.. 2006. "Productivity improvement of composites processing through the use of industrial microwave technologies." Progress in Electromagnetics Research (PIER). 66, pp. 267-285. https://doi.org/10.2528/PIER06111901
Young's modulus of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: preliminary results
Ku, Harry S., Puttgunta, V. C. and Trada, Mohan. 2006. "Young's modulus of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: preliminary results." Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. 20 (14), pp. 1911-1924. https://doi.org/10.1163/156939306779322675
The effects of load and velocity on friction and interface temperature of CGRP sliding against smooth stainless steel
Yousif, B. F., El-Tayeb, N. S. M. and Yusaf, Talal. 2006. "The effects of load and velocity on friction and interface temperature of CGRP sliding against smooth stainless steel." Zannetti, Luca (ed.) 8th Biennial ASME Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis (ESDA 2006). Torino, Italy 04 - 07 Jul 2006 Italy.
Mechanical properties of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: pilot study
Ku, H., Trada, M. and Puttgunta, V. C.. 2007. "Mechanical properties of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: pilot study." Key Engineering Materials. 334-33, pp. 537-540. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.334-335.537
Yield and tensile strength of vinyl ester composites cured by microwaves
Ku, H., Trada, M., Puttgunta, V. C. and Kota, V.. 2007. "Yield and tensile strength of vinyl ester composites cured by microwaves ." Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. 21 (4), pp. 517-526. https://doi.org/10.1163/156939307780616847
Design of multi-purpose carbide end mill
Ku, Harry S. and Chia, Wee Chong. 2006. "Design of multi-purpose carbide end mill." Institution of Engineers, Malaysia. Journal. 67 (2), pp. 34-40.
Thermal analysis comparison between three random glass fibre-reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded by adhesives using microwaves
Ku, Harry S., Widjaya, Budiman, Lee, Kin Fung and Li, Chun Wai. 2004. "Thermal analysis comparison between three random glass fibre-reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded by adhesives using microwaves ." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 23 (3), pp. 1443-1460.
Contrast joints of glass-fibre with carbon-fibre reinforced low density polyethylene composite bonded by microwave irradiation
Ku, Harry S.. 2005. "Contrast joints of glass-fibre with carbon-fibre reinforced low density polyethylene composite bonded by microwave irradiation." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 24 (10), pp. 1035-1049. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684405048203
Application of variable frequency microwave (VFM) to adhesives
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2005. "Application of variable frequency microwave (VFM) to adhesives." Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. 19 (11), pp. 1467-1484.