Measurements of heat treatment effects on bovine cortical bones by nanoindentation and compression testing

Article


Lau, Mei-Ling, Lau, Kin-Tak, Ku, Harry, Bahattacharyya, Debes and Yao, Yan-Dong. 2012. "Measurements of heat treatment effects on bovine cortical bones by nanoindentation and compression testing." Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology. 3 (1), pp. 105-113. https://doi.org/10.4236/jbnb.2012.31014
Article Title

Measurements of heat treatment effects on bovine cortical bones by nanoindentation and compression testing

ERA Journal ID123058
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsLau, Mei-Ling (Author), Lau, Kin-Tak (Author), Ku, Harry (Author), Bahattacharyya, Debes (Author) and Yao, Yan-Dong (Author)
Journal TitleJournal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology
Journal Citation3 (1), pp. 105-113
Number of Pages9
Year2012
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN2158-7027
2158-7043
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.4236/jbnb.2012.31014
Web Address (URL)http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?paperID=16700
Abstract

Heat treatment of bone is one of the reliable and simple sterilization methods to overcome the risk of rejection and disease transfer from allograft and xenograft, in particular for the prevention of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. However, the mechanical property of the micro-structural level after heat treatment is not well characterized. To address this issue, this study was carried out to compare the localized mechanical properties of micro-structural tissue with those at the global structural level. Nanoindentation technique has been well accepted as an accurate technique to measure mechanical property of small and heterogeneous specimen nondestructively, as well as the complex bio-material of micro-structural level, often with a resolution of better than 1 µm. In this study, nanoindentation was conducted to measure the localised elastic modulus and hardness values of bones at temperature of 23˚C (room temperature – non- heated sample), 90˚C and 150˚C, respectively. All experiments were conducted at room temperature (~23˚C). The elastic modulus (E) and nanoindentation hardenss (H) values in the longitudinal direction of bones heated at 150˚C were recorded as 23.43 GPa and 0.73 GPa, respectively; as in transverse direction, the E and H values were 12.77 GPa and 0.54 GPa, respectively. It showed significant increases of 44% and 43% in the longitudinal direction as compared to those of the non heat-treated bones. In addition, E and H values in transverse direction also showed increases of 23% and 38%, respectively as compared to those of the non heat-treated bones. Furthermore, heat-treated bones at 90˚C in longitudinal direction also appeared to have significant increases of 18% and 31% in E and H values, respectively. However, the E and H values in transverse direction increase only by 0.4% and 12.8%, respectively. In addition, compressive test is employed to measure the global stiffness (E) of the bone samples. When heated at 150˚C, the bone specimen showed an increase of 60% in stiffness (E) and an increase of 26% in yield stress. On the other hand, when heated at 90˚C, a slight increase of 11.4% in stiffness (E) and 21.5% in yield stress were recorded respectively. Furthermore, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) which integrated with Backscattered Electron (BSE) imaging was conducted to examine the relationship between mineral content and mechanical strength within the nanoindentation regions. The data demonstrated that the non heat-treated bones obtained the highest calcium wt% amongst the three groups; as temperature increased, there was a slight decrease in calcium wt%; however, the changes were not severe in this study.

Keywordsbone, heat treatment, nanoindentation, mechanical properties
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020400303. Biomechanical engineering
310902. Animal cell and molecular biology
320699. Medical biotechnology not elsewhere classified
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Byline AffiliationsCentre of Excellence in Engineered Fibre Composites
University of Auckland, New Zealand
Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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Chen, Ling, Tang, Chak Yin, Ku, Harry Siu Lung, Chen, Da Zhu and Tsui, Chi Pong. 2013. "Surface coating of poly-D-L-lactide/nano-hydroxyapatite composite scaffolds for dexamethasone-releasing function and wettability enhancement." Bose, Susmita, Narayan, Roger and Bandyopadhyay , Amit (ed.) Materials Science and Technology Conference (MS&T 2012): Next Generation Biomaterials and Surface Properties of Biomaterials . Pittsburgh, United States 27 - 31 Oct 2012 Hoboken, NJ. United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118751015
Microwave sintering and characterization of polypropylene/multi-walled carbon nanotube/hydroxyapatite composites
Chen, Ling, Tang, Chak Yin, Ku, Harry Siu-Lung, Tsui, Chi Pong and Chen, Xu. 2014. "Microwave sintering and characterization of polypropylene/multi-walled carbon nanotube/hydroxyapatite composites ." Composites Part B: Engineering. 56, pp. 504-511. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2013.08.005
Wireless tablet PCs for enhanced teaching at an Australian regional university teaching both campus and distance modes
Goh, Steven Chingnam, Galligan, Linda Ann and Ku, Harry. 2013. "Wireless tablet PCs for enhanced teaching at an Australian regional university teaching both campus and distance modes." 120th American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference and Exposition (ASEE 2013): Engineering Education: Frankly, We Do Give a D*mn. Atlanta, GA. United States 23 - 26 Jun 2013 Washington, DC. United States.
Extraction and processing of real time strain of embedded FBG sensors using a fixed filter FBG circuit and an artificial neural network
Kahandawa, Gayan C., Epaarachchi, Jayantha, Wang, Hao, Canning, John and Lau, K. T.. 2013. "Extraction and processing of real time strain of embedded FBG sensors using a fixed filter FBG circuit and an artificial neural network." Measurement. 46 (10), pp. 4045-4051. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.measurement.2013.07.029
Development of artificial neural network model in predicting performance of the smart wind turbine blade
Supeni, E. E., Epaarachchi, J. A., Islam, M. M. and Lau, K. T.. 2013. "Development of artificial neural network model in predicting performance of the smart wind turbine blade." 3rd Malaysian Postgraduate Conference (MPC 2013). Sydney, Australia 04 - 05 Jul 2013 Sydney, Australia.
Textile material forms for reinforcement materials: a review
Misnon, M. I., Islam, M. M., Epaarachchi, J. and Lau, K. T.. 2013. "Textile material forms for reinforcement materials: a review." 3rd Malaysian Postgraduate Conference (MPC 2013). Sydney, Australia 04 - 05 Jul 2013 Sydney, Australia.
Wave propogation scattering due to defect on thin composite plates
Hafizi, Z. M., Epaarachchi, J. and Lau, K. T.. 2013. "Wave propogation scattering due to defect on thin composite plates." 3rd Malaysian Postgraduate Conference (MPC 2013). Sydney, Australia 04 - 05 Jul 2013 Sydney, Australia.
Tensile behaviours of activated carbon coconut shell filled epoxy composites
Salleh, Z., Islam, M. M. and Ku, H.. 2013. "Tensile behaviours of activated carbon coconut shell filled epoxy composites." Noor, M. M., Rahman, M. M. and Ismail, J. (ed.) 3rd Malaysian Postgraduate Conference (MPC 2013). Sydney, Australia 04 - 05 Jul 2013 Sydney, Australia.
Estimation of strain of distorted FBG sensor spectra using a fixed FBG filter circuit and an artificial neural network
Kahandawa, Gayan C., Epaarachchi, Jayantha, Lau, K. T. and Canning, John. 2013. "Estimation of strain of distorted FBG sensor spectra using a fixed FBG filter circuit and an artificial neural network ." Palaniswami, M., Leckie, C., Kanhere, S. and Gubbi, J. (ed.) IEEE 8th International Conference on Intelligent Sensors, Sensor Networks and Information Processing (ISSNIP 2013): Sensing the Future. Melbourne, Australia 02 - 05 Apr 2013 Piscataway, NJ. United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISSNIP.2013.6529770
Effect of the energy absorbing mechanisms on the blunt thoracic trauma caused by a typical foam projectile
Thota, Narasimha M., Epaarachchi, Jayantha A. and Lau, Kin-tak. 2013. "Effect of the energy absorbing mechanisms on the blunt thoracic trauma caused by a typical foam projectile." Mishra, G. C. and Sanskriti, Krishi (ed.) 3rd World Congress on Frontiers of Mechanical, Aerospace and Automotive Engineering (WCFMAAE 2013). New Delhi, India 02 - 03 Feb 2013 New Delhi, India.
Effect of the foam embellishments on the pedestrian safety of the vehicle front protection systems
Thota, N. M., Epaarachchi, J. A. and Lau, K. T.. 2013. "Effect of the foam embellishments on the pedestrian safety of the vehicle front protection systems." Mishra, G. C. and Sanskriti, Krishi (ed.) 3rd World Congress on Frontiers of Mechanical, Aerospace and Automotive Engineering (WCFMAAE 2013). New Delhi, India 02 - 03 Feb 2013 New Delhi, India.
Effects of chemical treatments on hemp fibre structure
Kabir, M. M., Wang, H., Lau, K. T. and Cardona, F.. 2013. "Effects of chemical treatments on hemp fibre structure." Applied Surface Science. 276, pp. 13-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2013.02.086
Tensile properties of chemically treated hemp fibres as reinforcement for composites
Kabir, M. M., Wang, H., Lau, K. T. and Cardona, F.. 2013. "Tensile properties of chemically treated hemp fibres as reinforcement for composites." Composites Part B: Engineering. 53, pp. 362-368. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2013.05.048
Nafion-peptized laponite clay nanocomposite membrane for PEMFC
Mishra, Ananta Kumar, Bae, Seon-Hyeong, Kim, Nam Hoon, Lau, Kin-tak and Lee, Joong Hee. 2012. "Nafion-peptized laponite clay nanocomposite membrane for PEMFC ." Lau, Alan K-T, Srivatsan, T. S., Bhattacharyya, Debes, Zhang, Ming Qiu and Ho, Mabel M. P. (ed.) 20th International Symposium on Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Materials (PFAM 20). Hong Kong 15 - 18 Dec 2011 Zurich, Switzerland . https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.410.148
Fibre composites for high pressure pipeline repairs, in-air and subsea: an overview
Shamsuddoha, Md, Islam, Md Mainul, Aravinthan, Thiru, Manalo, Allan, Lau, Kin-tak and Elder, David. 2012. "Fibre composites for high pressure pipeline repairs, in-air and subsea: an overview." Ueda, Tamon (ed.) 3rd Asia-Pacific Conference on FRP in Structures (APFIS 2012). Sapporo, Japan 02 - 04 Feb 2012 Hokkaido, Japan.
Processing of materials using electromagnetic fields
Ku, Harry S.. 2012. "Processing of materials using electromagnetic fields." Nicolais, Luigi and Borzacchiello, Assunta (ed.) Wiley encyclopedia of composites, 2nd ed.. Hoboken, NJ. United States. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 2487-2500
The potential of using date palm fibres as reinforcement for polymeric composites
Alsaeed, T., Yousif, B. F. and Ku, H.. 2013. "The potential of using date palm fibres as reinforcement for polymeric composites." Materials and Design. 43, pp. 177-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2012.06.061
Non-velocity based analysis of passive ultrasonic signal for source location detection in composite plates: a pilot study
Hafizi, Z. M., Epaarachchi, J., Nizwan, C. K. E. and Lau, K. T.. 2012. "Non-velocity based analysis of passive ultrasonic signal for source location detection in composite plates: a pilot study." 1st International Conference of Mechanical Engineering Research (ICMER 2011). Kuantan, Malaysia 05 - 07 Dec 2011 Bristol, United Kingdom . https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/36/1/012008
Modal acoustic emission investigation for progressive failure monitoring in thin composite plates under tensile test
Hafizi, Mohd Zohari, Epaarachchi, Jayantha Ananda and Lau, K. T.. 2013. "Modal acoustic emission investigation for progressive failure monitoring in thin composite plates under tensile test." Key Engineering Materials. 558 (558), pp. 65-75. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.558.65
Optimized FBG sensor network for efficient detection of a delamination in FRP structures
Kahandawa, G. C., Epaarachchi, J. A., Wang, H. and Lau, K. T.. 2012. "Optimized FBG sensor network for efficient detection of a delamination in FRP structures." Jaafar, M., Azura, A. R., Leong, K. H. and Leong, A. Y. L. (ed.) 8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials (ACCM 2012): Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 06 - 08 Nov 2012 Kowloon, Hong Kong.
Detecting delamination in a composite structure using an embedded FBG-AE hybrid system
Kahandawa, G. C., Hafizi, Z. M., Epaarachchi, J. and Lau, K. T.. 2012. "Detecting delamination in a composite structure using an embedded FBG-AE hybrid system." Kotousov, Andrei (ed.) 7th Australasian Congress on Applied Mechanics (ACAM 2012). Adelaide, Australia 09 - 12 Dec 2012 Canberra, Australia.
Modelling of tensile properties glass powder/epoxy composites post-cured in an oven and in microwaves
Ku, H., Epaarachchi, J., Trada, M. and Wong, P.. 2013. "Modelling of tensile properties glass powder/epoxy composites post-cured in an oven and in microwaves ." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 32 (10), pp. 689-699. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684412475333
Dielectric properties of sawdust reinforced epoxy composites post-cured in microwaves
Ku, H., Trada, M. and Tai, P.. 2013. "Dielectric properties of sawdust reinforced epoxy composites post-cured in microwaves ." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 32 (10), pp. 765-774. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684412475250
Fabrication process optimization of hemp fibre reinforced polypropylene composites
Yan, Z. L., Wang, H., Lau, K. T., Zhang, J. C., Zhang, H. and Ding, Y.. 2012. "Fabrication process optimization of hemp fibre reinforced polypropylene composites." Jaafar, M., Azura, A. R., Leong, K. H. and Leong, A. Y L. (ed.) 8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials (ACCM 2012): Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 06 - 08 Nov 2012 Kowloon, Hong Kong.
Tensile properties of bagasse reinforced epoxy composites
Trada, M., Mandava, J., Ku, H. and Yousif, B.. 2012. "Tensile properties of bagasse reinforced epoxy composites." Jaafar, M., Azura, A. R., Leong, K. H. and Leong, A. Y. L. (ed.) 8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials (ACCM 2012): Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 06 - 08 Nov 2012 Kowloon, Hong Kong.
Mechanical properties of a bamboo charcoal reinforced polylactic acid composite
Ho, M. P., Wang, H., Lau, K. T., Jayaraman, K. and Bhattacharyya, D.. 2012. "Mechanical properties of a bamboo charcoal reinforced polylactic acid composite." Jaafar, M., Azura, A. R., Leong, K. H. and Leong, A. Y. (ed.) 8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials (ACCM 2012): Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 06 - 08 Nov 2012 Kowloon, Hong Kong.
An investigation of effective detection length of a localized micro-failure in a laminated thin composite plate using FBG sensor integrated AE system
Hafizi, Z. M., Epaarachchi, J. and Lau, K. T.. 2012. "An investigation of effective detection length of a localized micro-failure in a laminated thin composite plate using FBG sensor integrated AE system." Jaafar, M., Azura, A. R., Leong, K. H. and Leong, A. Y. L. (ed.) 8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials (ACCM 2012): Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 06 - 08 Nov 2012 Kowloon, Hong Kong.
A pilot study on flexural properties of epoxy nanoclay reinforced composites
Ku, H., Fung, S. Y., Islam, M., Li, X. and Chong, Y. P.. 2013. "A pilot study on flexural properties of epoxy nanoclay reinforced composites ." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 32 (2), pp. 96-104. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684412459246
Development of smart wind turbine blades
Supeni, E. E., Epaarachchi, J. A., Islam, M. M. and Lau, K. T.. 2012. "Development of smart wind turbine blades." Jaafar, M., Azura, A. R., Leong, K. H and Leong, A. Y. L (ed.) 8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials (ACCM 2012): Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 06 - 08 Nov 2012 Kowloon, Hong Kong.
Thermal properties and structure conformation on silkworm silk fibre
Ho, Mei-po, Wang, Hao and Lau, Kin-tak. 2012. "Thermal properties and structure conformation on silkworm silk fibre." Heslehurst, Rikard Benton and Byrne, Ann (ed.) Composites Australia and the CRC for Advanced Composite Structures Conference 2012: Diversity in Composites. Leura, Australia 15 - 16 Mar 2012 Melbourne, Australia.
Compressive properties of chemically-treated hemp fibre reinforced composites
Kabir, Mohammad Mazedul, Wang, Hao, Lau, Alan, Cardona, Francisco and Aravinthan, Thiru. 2012. "Compressive properties of chemically-treated hemp fibre reinforced composites." Heslehurst, Rikard Benton and Byrne, Ann (ed.) Composites Australia and the CRC for Advanced Composite Structures Conference 2012: Diversity in Composites. Leura, Australia 15 - 16 Mar 2012 Melbourne, Australia.
Develop and validate a biomechanical surrogate of the human thorax using corrugated sheets: a feasibility study
Thota, Narasimha Murthy, Eepaarachchi, Jayantha A. and Lau, K. T.. 2012. "Develop and validate a biomechanical surrogate of the human thorax using corrugated sheets: a feasibility study." 7th Australasian Congress on Applied Mechanics (ACAM 2012). Adelaide, Australia 09 - 12 Dec 2012 Canberra, Australia.
Review on using packages to enhance the teaching of critical path networks
Ku, Harry S.. 2012. "Review on using packages to enhance the teaching of critical path networks." Ao, S. I., Castillo, Oscar, Douglas, Craig, Feng, David Dagan and Lee, Jeong-A. (ed.) 2012 International MultiConference of Engineers and Computer Scientists (IMECS 2012). Hong Kong, China 14 - 16 Mar 2012 Hong Kong.
Suitability of using coir fiber/polymeric composite for the design of liquid storage tanks
Yousif, B. F. and Ku, H.. 2012. "Suitability of using coir fiber/polymeric composite for the design of liquid storage tanks." Materials and Design. 36, pp. 847-853. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2011.01.063
Design of smart structures for wind turbine blades
Supeni, E. E., Epaarachchi, J. A., Islam, M. M. and Lau, K. T.. 2012. "Design of smart structures for wind turbine blades." Noor, M. M., Rahman, M. M. and Ismail, J. (ed.) 2nd Malaysian Postgraduate Conference (MPC 2012). Gold Coast, Australia 07 - 09 Jul 2012 Sydney, Australia.
A study on the dynamic mechanical properties of silk fibre composites
Ho, Mei-po, Wang, Hao, Ho, Chun-kit and Lau, Kin-tak. 2012. "A study on the dynamic mechanical properties of silk fibre composites." Advanced Materials Research. 410, pp. 106-109. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.410.106
Modeling the flexural properties of SLG reinforced phenol formaldehyde composites using Langrage’s Method
Ku, H., Zhou, Hong, Wong, Peter, Su, Gang and Vadher, Jayent. 2012. "Modeling the flexural properties of SLG reinforced phenol formaldehyde composites using Langrage’s Method ." Advanced Materials Research. 410, pp. 305-308. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.410.305
Flexural properties of epoxy composites filled with glass powder: preliminary results
Ku, H., Wong, P., Huang, J., Fung, H. and Trada, M.. 2012. "Flexural properties of epoxy composites filled with glass powder: preliminary results." Advanced Materials Research. 410, pp. 309-312. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.410.309
Duct noise control by using very light composite plate
Choy, Y. S., Liu, Y. and Lau, K. T.. 2012. "Duct noise control by using very light composite plate." Advanced Materials Research. 410, pp. 361-365. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.410.361
Effect of degumming time on silkworm silk fibre for biodegradable polymer composites
Ho, Mei-po, Wang, Hao and Lau, Kin-tak. 2012. "Effect of degumming time on silkworm silk fibre for biodegradable polymer composites." Applied Surface Science. 258 (8), pp. 3948-3955. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2011.12.068
Tensile properties of phenol-formaldehyde nanoclay reinforced composites: a pilot study
Ku, H., Yap, Y. S., Lee, T. S. and Trada, M.. 2012. "Tensile properties of phenol-formaldehyde nanoclay reinforced composites: a pilot study ." Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 126 (2 (Supplement)), pp. E142-E150. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.35232
Chemical treatments on plant-based natural fibre reinforced polymer composites: an overview
Kabir, M. M., Wang, H., Lau, K. T. and Cardona, F.. 2012. "Chemical treatments on plant-based natural fibre reinforced polymer composites: an overview ." Composites Part B: Engineering. 43 (7), pp. 2883-2892. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2012.04.053
Interfacial bonding and degumming effects on silk fibre/polymer biocomposites
Ho, Mei-po, Wang, Hao, Lau, Kin-tak, Lee, Joong-hee and Hui, David. 2012. "Interfacial bonding and degumming effects on silk fibre/polymer biocomposites ." Composites Part B: Engineering. 43 (7), pp. 2801-2812. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2012.04.042
The preliminary study on the mechanical properties of heat-treated bovine bone using experimental and simulations approaches
Lau, Mei-Ling. 2013. The preliminary study on the mechanical properties of heat-treated bovine bone using experimental and simulations approaches . PhD Thesis Doctor of Philosophy. University of Southern Queensland.
Design of an impact resistant glass fibre/epoxy composites using short silk fibres
Ho, Mei-po and Lau, Kin-tak. 2012. "Design of an impact resistant glass fibre/epoxy composites using short silk fibres." Materials and Design. 35 (1), pp. 664-669. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2011.10.003
Modal analysis of high frequency acoustic signal approach for progressive failure monitoring in thin composite plates
Hafizi, Z. M., Epaarachchi, J. and Lau, K. T.. 2012. "Modal analysis of high frequency acoustic signal approach for progressive failure monitoring in thin composite plates." 2nd Malaysian Postgraduate Conference (MPC 2012). Gold Coast, Australia 07 - 09 Jul 2012 Sydney, Australia.
A critical review on the manufacturing processes in relation to the properties of nanoclay/polymer composites
Albdiry, M. T., Yousif, B. F., Ku, H. and Lau, K. T.. 2013. "A critical review on the manufacturing processes in relation to the properties of nanoclay/polymer composites." Journal of Composite Materials. 47 (9), pp. 1093-1115. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998312445592
Reinforcement of polypropylene with hemp fibres
Yan, Z. L., Wang, H., Lau, K. T., Pather, S., Zhang, J. C., Lin, G. and Ding, Y.. 2013. "Reinforcement of polypropylene with hemp fibres." Composites Part B: Engineering. 46, pp. 221-226. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2012.09.027
A potential material for tissue engineering: silkworm silk/PLA biocomposite
Cheung, Hoi-Yan, Lau, Kin-tak, Tao, Xiao-Ming and Hui, David. 2008. "A potential material for tissue engineering: silkworm silk/PLA biocomposite ." Composites Part B: Engineering. 39 (6), pp. 1026-1033. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2007.11.009
Fracture toughness of vinyl ester composites reinforced with sawdust and postcured in microwaves
Ku, H., Prajapati, M. and Trada, M.. 2012. "Fracture toughness of vinyl ester composites reinforced with sawdust and postcured in microwaves." International Journal of Microwave Science and Technology. 2012, pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/152726
Sonication effect on the mechanical properties of MWCNTs reinforced natural rubber
Tarawneh, Mou’ad A., Ahmad, Sahrim Hj., EhNoum, SeYong and Lau, Kin-tak. 2013. "Sonication effect on the mechanical properties of MWCNTs reinforced natural rubber." Journal of Composite Materials. 47 (5), pp. 579-585. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998312443394
Critical factors on manufacturing processes of natural fibre composites
Ho, Mei-po, Wang, Hao, Lee, Joong-Hee, Ho, Chun-kit, Lau, Kin-tak, Leng, Jinsong and Hui, David. 2012. "Critical factors on manufacturing processes of natural fibre composites." Composites Part B: Engineering. 43 (8), pp. 3549-3562. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2011.10.001
Micro-crack behavior of carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic modified epoxy composites for cryogenic applications
He, Yu-xin, Li, Qi, Kuila, Tapas, Kim, Nam Hoon, Jiang, Tongwu, Lau, Kin-tak and Lee, Joong Hee. 2013. "Micro-crack behavior of carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic modified epoxy composites for cryogenic applications." Composites Part B: Engineering. 44 (1), pp. 533-539. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2012.03.014
Effect of silk fiber to the mechanical and thermal properties of its biodegradable composites
Ho, Mei-Po, Wang, Hao, Lau, Kin-Tak and Leng, Jinsong. 2013. "Effect of silk fiber to the mechanical and thermal properties of its biodegradable composites ." Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 127 (4), pp. 2389-2396. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.37539
Courses for teaching leadership capacity in professional engineering degrees in Australia and Europe
Khattak, Hamid, Ku, Harry and Goh, Steven. 2012. "Courses for teaching leadership capacity in professional engineering degrees in Australia and Europe." European Journal of Engineering Education. 37 (3), pp. 279-296. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043797.2012.684671
Thermal properties of calcium carbonate powder reinforced vinyl ester composites: pilot study
Ku, Harry, Cardona, Francisco and Jamal Eddine, Mustapha. 2013. "Thermal properties of calcium carbonate powder reinforced vinyl ester composites: pilot study." Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 127 (4), pp. 2996-3001. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.37973
Flexural properties of sawdust-reinforced epoxy composites post-cured in microwaves
Ku, H., Donald, M., Cardona, F. and Trada, M.. 2012. "Flexural properties of sawdust-reinforced epoxy composites post-cured in microwaves." Journal of Composite Materials. 46 (22), pp. 2879-2890. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998311433437
Mechanical properties of chemically-treated hemp fibre reinforced sandwich composites
Kabir, M. M., Wang, H., Lau, K. T., Cardona, F. and Aravinthan, T.. 2012. "Mechanical properties of chemically-treated hemp fibre reinforced sandwich composites." Composites Part B: Engineering. 43 (2), pp. 159-169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2011.06.003
Use of FBG sensors for SHM in aerospace structures
Kahandawa, Gayan C., Epaarachchi, Jayantha, Wang, Hao and Lau, K. T.. 2012. "Use of FBG sensors for SHM in aerospace structures." Photonic Sensors. 2 (3), pp. 203-214. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13320-012-0065-4
Development of composite plate for compact silencer design
Choy, Y. S., Liu, Y., Cheung, H. Y., Xi, Q. and Lau, K. T.. 2012. "Development of composite plate for compact silencer design ." Journal of Sound and Vibration. 331 (10), pp. 2348-2364. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsv.2011.12.023
Contrast on tensile and flexural properties of glass powder reinforced epoxy composites: pilot study
Ku, H. and Wong, P.. 2012. "Contrast on tensile and flexural properties of glass powder reinforced epoxy composites: pilot study ." Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 123 (1), pp. 152-161. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.34469
The effect of fibre chemical treatments on hemp reinforced composites
Wang, H., Kabir, M. M. and Lau, K. T.. 2011. "The effect of fibre chemical treatments on hemp reinforced composites ." 18th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-18). Jeju, Korea 21 - 26 Aug 2011 Seoul, Korea.
Introduction to multifunctional polymer nanocomposites
Leng, Jinsong, Li, Jianjun and Lau, Alan kin-tak. 2011. "Introduction to multifunctional polymer nanocomposites." Leng, Jinsong and Lau, Alan kin-tak (ed.) Multifunctional polymer nanocomposites. Boca Raton, FL. United States. CRC Press. pp. 1-18
Using computer software packages to enhance the teaching of engineering management science: part 1 - critical path networks
Ku, H., Fulcher, R. and Xiang, W.. 2011. "Using computer software packages to enhance the teaching of engineering management science: part 1 - critical path networks." Computer Applications in Engineering Education. 19 (1), pp. 26-39. https://doi.org/10.1002/cae.20286
A pilot study on the relationship between mechanical and electrical loss tangents of glass powder reinforced epoxy composites post-cured in microwaves
Ku, H., Wong, P., Maxwell, A., Huang, J., Fung, H. and Mohan, T.. 2011. "A pilot study on the relationship between mechanical and electrical loss tangents of glass powder reinforced epoxy composites post-cured in microwaves." Zhu, Zeng (ed.) ICKEM 2011: 1st International Conference on Key Engineering Materials. Sanya, China 25 - 27 Mar 2011 Zurich, Switzerland. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.214.26
Flexible engineering degree programs with remote access laboratories in an Australian regional university known for its excellence in e-learning
Ku, H., Goh, S. and Ahfock, A.. 2011. "Flexible engineering degree programs with remote access laboratories in an Australian regional university known for its excellence in e-learning." Computer Applications in Engineering Education. 19 (1), pp. 18-25. https://doi.org/10.1002/cae.20284
Mechanical properties of an injected silk fibre reinforced PLA composite
Ho, Mei-Po, Lau, Kin-tak, Wang, Hao and Bhattacharyya, Debes. 2011. "Mechanical properties of an injected silk fibre reinforced PLA composite." Bhattacharyya, D., Lin, R. J. T. and Srivatsan, T. S. (ed.) 19th International Symposium on Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Materials (PFAM XIX). Auckland, New Zealand 14 - 17 Jan 2011 Auckland, New Zealand.
Recent research trend in natural-fibre composites
Lau, Alan K. T. and Ho, Mabel M. P.. 2011. "Recent research trend in natural-fibre composites." JEC Composites Magazine.
Electrochemical performance of a graphene polypyrrole nanocomposite as a supercapacitor electrode
Bose, Saswata, Kim, Nam Hoon, Kuila, Tapas, Lau, Kin-tak and Lee, Joong Hee. 2011. "Electrochemical performance of a graphene polypyrrole nanocomposite as a supercapacitor electrode ." Nanotechnology. 22 (29), p. 5202. https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/22/29/295202
Assessing heat-treatment effects on bovine cortical bones by nanoindentation
Lau, Mei-ling, Lau, Kin-tak, Ku, Harry, Bahattacharyya, Debes and Lee, Joong-Hee. 2012. "Assessing heat-treatment effects on bovine cortical bones by nanoindentation ." Advanced Materials Research. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.410.110
Electromechanical stability of compressible dielectric elastomer actuators
Liu, Liwi, Liu, Yanju, Leng, Jinsong and Lau, Kin-tak. 2011. "Electromechanical stability of compressible dielectric elastomer actuators ." Smart Materials and Structures. 20 (11), p. 115015. https://doi.org/10.1088/0964-1726/20/11/115015
Relationship between different mechanical properties of phenol formaldehyde SLG-reinforced composites
Ku, H. S.. 2011. "Relationship between different mechanical properties of phenol formaldehyde SLG-reinforced composites." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 30 (15), pp. 1281-1292. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684411418705
Novel phenolic resins with improved mechanical and toughness properties
Cardona, Francisco, Lau, Alan Kin-Tak and Fedrigo, Jessica. 2012. "Novel phenolic resins with improved mechanical and toughness properties." Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 123 (4), pp. 2131-2139. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.34719
Relationship between electrical and mechanical loss tangents of hollow glass powder reinforced epoxy composites: a pilot study
Ku, H., Maxwell, A., Wong, P., Huang, J. and Fung, H.. 2011. "Relationship between electrical and mechanical loss tangents of hollow glass powder reinforced epoxy composites: a pilot study ." Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 119 (5), pp. 2945-2952. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.33009
Property enhancement of a carbon fiber/epoxy composite by using carbon nanotubes
Kim, M. T., Rhee, K. Y., Lee, J. H., Hui, D. and Lau, Alan K. T.. 2011. "Property enhancement of a carbon fiber/epoxy composite by using carbon nanotubes ." Composites Part B: Engineering. 42 (5), pp. 1257-1261. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2011.02.005
Correlation of mechanical performance and morphological structures of epoxy micro/nanoparticulate composites
Dong, Yu, Chaudhary, Deeptangshu, Ploumis, Charlie and Lau, Kin-tak. 2011. "Correlation of mechanical performance and morphological structures of epoxy micro/nanoparticulate composites ." Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 42 (10), pp. 1483-1492. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2011.06.015
Mechanism of reinforcement in a nanoclay/polymer composite
Chan, Mo-lin, Lau, Kin-tak, Wong, Tsun-tat, Ho, Mei-po and Hui, David. 2011. "Mechanism of reinforcement in a nanoclay/polymer composite ." Composites Part B: Engineering. 42 (6), pp. 1708-1712. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2011.03.011
An experimental investigation of early damage localization for thin glass fibre reinforced symmetric composite laminates
Hafizi, Z. M., Epaarachchi, J. and Lau, K. T.. 2012. "An experimental investigation of early damage localization for thin glass fibre reinforced symmetric composite laminates." Heslehurst, Rikard Benton and Byrne, Ann (ed.) Composites Australia and the CRC for Advanced Composite Structures Conference 2012: Diversity in Composites. Leura, Australia 15 - 16 Mar 2012 Melbourne, Australia.
An investigation into the application of research strategies in the final-year undergraduate engineering and surveying projects
Cochrane, Sandra, Goh, Steven and Ku, Harry. 2009. "An investigation into the application of research strategies in the final-year undergraduate engineering and surveying projects." Kestell, Colin, Grainger, Steven and Cheung, John (ed.) 20th Annual Conference for the Australasian Association of Engineering Education (AAEE 2009). Adelaide, Australia 06 - 09 Dec 2009 Adelaide, Australia.
Engineering education - undergraduate and masters: China and down under
Ku, Harry, Wen, Paul, Xiang, Wei and Goh, Steven. 2009. "Engineering education - undergraduate and masters: China and down under." Kestell, Colin, Grainger, Steven and Cheung, John (ed.) 20th Annual Conference for the Australasian Association of Engineering Education (AAEE 2009). Adelaide, Australia 06 - 09 Dec 2009 Adelaide, Australia.
Research design for investigation of Nigeria manufacturing management
Mustapha, U. M., Ku, H. and Goh, S.. 2009. "Research design for investigation of Nigeria manufacturing management." Wen, Peng, Li, Yuefeng, Polkowski, Lech, Yao, Yiyu, Tsumoto, Shusaku and Wang, Guoyin (ed.) 4th International Conference on Rough Sets and Knowledge Technology (RSKT 2009). Gold Coast, Australia 14 - 16 Jul 2009 Berlin, Germany. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-02962-2_58
Effects of chopped hemp on mechanical and thermal properties of epoxy resins
Vandenbroucke, A., Cardona, F., Ku, H. and Rogers, D.. 2009. "Effects of chopped hemp on mechanical and thermal properties of epoxy resins ." Aravinthan, Thiru, Karunasena, Warna (Karu) and Wang, Hao (ed.) 20th Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials (ACMSM20). Toowoomba, Australia 02 - 05 Dec 2008 London, United Kingdom.
Effects of EPON on mechanical and thermal properties of epoxy resins
Ku, H., Cardona, F., Rogers, D. and Vandenbroucke, A.. 2008. "Effects of EPON on mechanical and thermal properties of epoxy resins ." Lau, Alan K. T., Lu, J., Varadan, Vijay K., Chang, F. K., Tu, J. P. and Lam, P. M. (ed.) ICMMSE 2008: International Conference on Multifunctional Materials and Structures. Hong Kong, China 28 - 31 Jul 2008 Stafa-Zurich, Switzerland. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.47-50.536
Weldability and heat affected zone (HAZ) evaluation for high energy rate joining of thermoplastic composites using microwaves
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 1997. "Weldability and heat affected zone (HAZ) evaluation for high energy rate joining of thermoplastic composites using microwaves ." Herszberg, Isreal (ed.) 11th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-11). Gold Coast, Australia 14 - 18 Jul 1997 Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Complex permittivity of low loss thermoplastic composites using a resonant cavity method
Ku, Harry S., Ball, James A. R., Siores, Elias and Chan, Peter. 1999. "Complex permittivity of low loss thermoplastic composites using a resonant cavity method ." Massard, Thierry and Vautrin, Alain (ed.) 12th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-12). Paris, France 05 - 09 Jul 1999 Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Prediction of crushing stress in composite materials
Goh, S., Ku, H. and Ang, S. L.. 2008. "Prediction of crushing stress in composite materials." Journal of Composite Materials. 42 (5), pp. 467-484. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998307086204
Micrographs of fractured vinyl ester composites
Ku, Harry S., Ang, Soh Fong, Snook, Chris and Baddeley, Douglas. 2007. "Micrographs of fractured vinyl ester composites." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 26 (11), pp. 1111-1134. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684407079778
Processing of polymer matrix composites using variable frequency microwave (VFM)
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias, Ball, James A. R. and Chan, Peter. 2001. "Processing of polymer matrix composites using variable frequency microwave (VFM) ." Zhang, Yao (ed.) 13th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-13) . Beijing, China 25 - 29 Jun 2001 China.
Variable frequency microwave (VFM) processing facilities and application in processing thermoplastic matrix composites
Ku, H. S., Siu, F., Siores, E. and Ball, J. A. R.. 2003. "Variable frequency microwave (VFM) processing facilities and application in processing thermoplastic matrix composites." Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 139 (1-3), pp. 291-295. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-0136(03)00238-3
Impact strength of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: preliminary results
Cheng, Y. M., Ku, Harry S., Snook, Chris and Baddeley, Douglas. 2004. "Impact strength of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: preliminary results." Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part L: Journal of Materials, Design and Applications. https://doi.org/10.1177/146442070421800405
Short bar tests for vinyl ester particulate reinforced composites cured by microwaves
Ku, Harry S., Tsang, Shing Hin, Baddeley, Douglas and Snook, Chris. 2006. "Short bar tests for vinyl ester particulate reinforced composites cured by microwaves." Australian Journal of Structural Engineering. 7 (1), pp. 65-73.
Fracture toughness of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: preliminary results
Ku, Harry S., Baddeley, Douglas, Snook, Chris and Chew, C. S.. 2005. "Fracture toughness of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: preliminary results." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 24 (11), pp. 1181-1202. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684405048841
Micrographs of the fracture of vinyl ester composites cured by microwaves: pilot study
Chew, C. S., Ku, Harry S., Baddeley, Douglas and Snook, Chris. 2005. "Micrographs of the fracture of vinyl ester composites cured by microwaves: pilot study." Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. 19 (1), pp. 67-82. https://doi.org/10.1163/1569393052955080
Drop weight impact test fracture of vinyl ester composites: micrographs of pilot study
Ku, Harry S., Cheng, Y. M., Snook, Chris and Baddeley, Douglas. 2005. "Drop weight impact test fracture of vinyl ester composites: micrographs of pilot study." Journal of Composite Materials. 39 (18), pp. 1607-1620. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998305051111
Carbon nanotubes for space and bio-engineering applications
Lau, Kin-Tak, Cheung, Hoi-Yan, Lu, Jian Ping, Yin, Yan-Sheng, Hui, David and Li, Hu-Lin. 2008. "Carbon nanotubes for space and bio-engineering applications ." Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience. 5 (1), pp. 23-35. https://doi.org/10.1166/jctn.2008.003
Flexural properties of phenolic resin reinforced with glass powder: preliminary results
Ku, H., Trada, M., Nixon, R. and Wong, P.. 2010. "Flexural properties of phenolic resin reinforced with glass powder: preliminary results ." Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 116 (1), pp. 347-354. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.31608
Interfacial bonding characteristic of nanoclay/polymer composites
Chan, Mo-lin, Lau, Kin-tak, Wong, T. T. and Cardona, Francisco. 2011. "Interfacial bonding characteristic of nanoclay/polymer composites." Applied Surface Science. 258 (2), pp. 860-864. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2011.09.016
Tensile tests of phenol formaldehyde glass-powder-reinforced composites: pilot study
Ku, H., Trada, M., Cecil, T. and Wong, P.. 2010. "Tensile tests of phenol formaldehyde glass-powder-reinforced composites: pilot study." Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 116 (1), pp. 10-17. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.31424
Preparation and study of polypropylene/polyethylene terephthalate composite fibres
Si, Xiaojuan, Guo, Linfeng, Wang, Yimin and Lau, Kin-Tak. 2008. "Preparation and study of polypropylene/polyethylene terephthalate composite fibres." Composites Science and Technology. 68 (14), pp. 2943-2947. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2007.11.008
Mechanical and thermal properties of chicken feather fiber/PLA green composites
Cheng, Sha, Lau, Kin-Tak, Liu, Tao, Zhao, Yong-Qing, Lam, Pou-Man and Yin, Yansheng. 2009. "Mechanical and thermal properties of chicken feather fiber/PLA green composites ." Composites Part B: Engineering. 40 (7), pp. 650-654. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2009.04.011
Sliding wear performance of nano-SiO2/short carbon fiber/epoxy hybrid composites
Guo, Qing Bing, Rong, Min Zhi, Jia, Guo Liang, Lau, Kin-Tak and Zhang, Ming Qiu. 2009. "Sliding wear performance of nano-SiO2/short carbon fiber/epoxy hybrid composites ." Wear. 266 (7-8), pp. 658-665. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2008.08.005
Synthesis of zirconia nanoparticles on carbon nanotubes and their potential for enhancing the fracture toughness of alumina ceramics
Zhu, Yue-Feng, Shi, Lei, Liang, Ji, Hui, David and Lau, Kin-Tak. 2008. "Synthesis of zirconia nanoparticles on carbon nanotubes and their potential for enhancing the fracture toughness of alumina ceramics." Composites Part B: Engineering. 39 (7-8), pp. 1136-1141. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2008.03.006
Remote access laboratories in Australia and Europe
Ku, H., Ahfock, T. and Yusaf, T.. 2011. "Remote access laboratories in Australia and Europe." European Journal of Engineering Education. 36 (3), pp. 253-268. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043797.2011.578244
Fabrication and mechanical properties of exfoliated clay-CNTs/epoxy nanocomposites
Wang, Zhicai, Xu, Cailing, Zhao, Yongqing, Zhao, Dandan, Wang, Zhe, Li, Hulin and Lau, Kin-Tak. 2008. "Fabrication and mechanical properties of exfoliated clay-CNTs/epoxy nanocomposites." Materials Science and Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing. 490 (1-2), pp. 481-487. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2008.01.040
Mechanical properties of epoxy-based composites using coiled carbon nanotubes
Li, Xiao-Feng, Lau, Kin-Tak and Yin, Yan-Sheng. 2008. "Mechanical properties of epoxy-based composites using coiled carbon nanotubes." Composites Science and Technology. 68 (14), pp. 2876-2881. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2007.10.019
Imparting ultra-low friction and wear rate to epoxy by the incorporation of microencapsulated lubricant?
Guo, Qing Bing, Lau, Kin-Tak, Zheng, Bing Fa, Rong, Min Zhi and Zhang, Ming Qiu. 2009. "Imparting ultra-low friction and wear rate to epoxy by the incorporation of microencapsulated lubricant?" Macromolecular Materials and Engineering. 294 (1), pp. 20-24. https://doi.org/10.1002/mame.200800257
Strain monitoring of RC members strengthened with smart NSM FRP bars
Wang, Bo, Teng, J. G., De Lorenzis, Laura, Zhou, Li-Min, Ou, Jinping, Jin, Wei and Lau, K. T.. 2009. "Strain monitoring of RC members strengthened with smart NSM FRP bars." Construction and Building Materials. 23 (4), pp. 1698-1711. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2008.07.027
Acousto-ultrasonic sensing for delaminated GFRP composites using an embedded FBG sensor
Lam, Pou-Man, Lau, Kin-Tak, Ling, Hang-Yin, Su, Zhong-Qing and Tam, Hwa-Yaw. 2009. "Acousto-ultrasonic sensing for delaminated GFRP composites using an embedded FBG sensor." Optics and Lasers in Engineering. 47 (10), pp. 1049-1055. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optlaseng.2009.01.010
Composite panels for reducing noise in air conditioning and ventilation systems
Choy, Yat-Sze, Lau, Kin-Tak, Wang, C., Chau, C. W., Liu, Yang and Hui, D.. 2009. "Composite panels for reducing noise in air conditioning and ventilation systems." Composites Part B: Engineering. 40 (4), pp. 259-266. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2009.01.004
Literature review of past and present performance of the Nigerian manufacturing sector
Ku, H. S-L., Mustapha, U. and Goh, S.. 2010. "Literature review of past and present performance of the Nigerian manufacturing sector ." IMechE 2010: Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Lyon, France 04 Nov 2010 United Kingdom. SAGE Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1243/09544054JEM1818
Carbon nanotube-reinforced nanocomposites
Lau, Alan kin-tak. 2011. "Carbon nanotube-reinforced nanocomposites." Lau, Alan kin-tak and Leng, Jinsong (ed.) Multifunctional polymer nanocomposites. Boca Raton, FL. United States. CRC Press. pp. 19-45
Sensors, actuators, and intelligent processing [Preface]
Lau, Kin-Tak, Epaarachchi, Jayantha and Sudarshan, T. S.. 2010. "Sensors, actuators, and intelligent processing [Preface]." Materials and Manufacturing Processes. 25 (4), pp. 211-211. https://doi.org/10.1080/10426910903425036
Biocomposites: their multifunctionality
Lau, Kin-tak, Ho, Mei-po, Au-Yeung, Chi-ting and Cheung, Hoi-yan. 2010. "Biocomposites: their multifunctionality." International Journal of Smart and Nano Materials. 1 (1), pp. 13-27. https://doi.org/10.1080/19475411003589780
Characteristics of a silk fibre reinforced biodegradable plastic
Ho, Mei-Po, Lau, Kin-Tak, Wang, Hao and Bhattacharyya, Debes. 2011. "Characteristics of a silk fibre reinforced biodegradable plastic." Composites Part B: Engineering. 42 (2), pp. 117-122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2010.10.007
Preliminary results on literature review skills of students doing capstone projects
Ku, Harry S. and Goh, Steven C.. 2010. "Preliminary results on literature review skills of students doing capstone projects." Goh, Steven C. and Wang, Hao (ed.) 2010 Southern Region Engineering Conference (SREC 2010). Toowoomba, Australia 11 - 12 Nov 2010 Toowoomba, Australia.
Effects of natural fibre surface on composite properties: a review
Kabir, M. M., Wang, H., Aravinthan, T., Cardona, F. and Lau, K. -T.. 2011. "Effects of natural fibre surface on composite properties: a review." Cowled, Craig J. L. (ed.) 1st International Postgraduate Conference on Engineering, Designing and Developing the Built Environment for Sustainable Wellbeing (eddBE 2011). Brisbane, Australia 27 - 29 Apr 2011 Brisbane, Australia.
I-V characteristics and electro-mechanical response of different carbon black/epoxy composites
Ji, Xiaoyong, Li, Hui, Hui, David, Hsiao, Kuang-Ting, Ou, Jinping and Lau, Alan K. T.. 2010. "I-V characteristics and electro-mechanical response of different carbon black/epoxy composites." Composites Part B: Engineering. 41 (1), pp. 25-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2009.05.001
A review on the tensile properties of natural fiber reinforced polymer composites
Ku, H., Wang, H., Pattarachaiyakoop, N. and Trada, M.. 2011. "A review on the tensile properties of natural fiber reinforced polymer composites ." Composites Part B: Engineering. 42 (4), pp. 856-873. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2011.01.010
Thermal properties of sawdust reinforced vinyl ester composites post-cured in microwaves: a pilot study
Ku, H., Prajapati, M. and Cardona, F.. 2011. "Thermal properties of sawdust reinforced vinyl ester composites post-cured in microwaves: a pilot study ." Composites Part B: Engineering. 42 (4), pp. 898-906. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2011.01.008
A shape memory alloy energy absorber for backpack design
Lau, Sindy Mei-Ling, Lau, Kin-Tak, Yin, Yan-Sheng, Li, Lan, Wong, May, Chan, Kevin and Chen, William. 2010. "A shape memory alloy energy absorber for backpack design." Materials and Manufacturing Processes. 25 (4), pp. 281-286. https://doi.org/10.1080/10426910903426471
Optimization of tribological and mechanical properties of epoxy through hybrid filling
Guo, Qing Bing, Lau, Kin-Tak, Rong, Min Zhi and Zhang, Ming Qiu. 2010. "Optimization of tribological and mechanical properties of epoxy through hybrid filling." Wear. 269 (1-2), pp. 13-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2010.03.001
Silkworm silk/poly(lactic acid) biocomposites: dynamic mechanical, thermal and biodegradable properties
Zhao, Yong-Qing, Cheung, Hoi-Yan, Lau, Kin-Tak, Xu, Cai-Ling, Zhao, Dan-Dan and Li, Hu-Lin. 2010. "Silkworm silk/poly(lactic acid) biocomposites: dynamic mechanical, thermal and biodegradable properties." Polymer Degradation and Stability. 95 (10), pp. 1978-1987. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2010.07.015
Thermal behavior of MWNT-reinforced thermoplastic natural rubber nanocomposites
Tarawneh, Mouad. A., Ahmad, Sahrim Hj., Rasid, Rozaidi, Yahya, S. Y., Lau, Kin-tak, Kong, Ing and Noum, Se Yong Eh. 2011. "Thermal behavior of MWNT-reinforced thermoplastic natural rubber nanocomposites." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 30 (3), pp. 216-221. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684410391512
Effect of surface treatment with potassium persulfate on dispersion stability of multi-walled carbon nanotubes
Park, Ok-kyung, Kim, Nam Hoon, Lau, Kin-Tak and Lee, Joong Hee. 2010. "Effect of surface treatment with potassium persulfate on dispersion stability of multi-walled carbon nanotubes." Materials Letters. 64 (6), pp. 718-721. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2009.12.048
The electrochemistry corrosion behavior of Fe3Al-type intermetallic with super-hydrophobic surfaces
Liu, Tao, Lau, Kin-Tak, Chen, Shougang, Cheng, Sha, He, Tian and Yin, Yansheng. 2010. "The electrochemistry corrosion behavior of Fe3Al-type intermetallic with super-hydrophobic surfaces." Materials and Manufacturing Processes. 25 (5), pp. 298-301. https://doi.org/10.1080/10426911003747717
Measurement of bovine bone properties through surface indentation technique
Lau, Mei-ling, Lau, Kin-tak, Yao Yeo, Yan-Dong, Au Yeung, Chi-ting and Lee, Joong-hee. 2010. "Measurement of bovine bone properties through surface indentation technique." Materials and Manufacturing Processes. 25 (5), pp. 324-328. https://doi.org/10.1080/10426911003748137
Microscopical observation of the marine bacterium vibrio natriegeus growth on metallic corrosion
Cheng, Sha, Lau, Kin-Tak, Chen, Shougang, Chang, Xueting, Liu, Tao and Yin, Yansheng. 2010. "Microscopical observation of the marine bacterium vibrio natriegeus growth on metallic corrosion." Materials and Manufacturing Processes. 25 (5), pp. 293-297. https://doi.org/10.1080/10426911003747642
Polymer membranes for high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell: recent advances and challenge
Bose, Saswata, Kuila, Tapas, Nguyen, Thi Xuan Hien, Kim, Nam Hoon, Lau, Kin-tak and Lee, Joong Hee. 2011. "Polymer membranes for high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell: recent advances and challenge." Progress in Polymer Science. 36 (6), pp. 813-843. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2011.01.003
Qualitative methodologies for dummies: engineers in investigating the quality of final year engineering research project
Goh, Steven and Ku, Harry. 2010. "Qualitative methodologies for dummies: engineers in investigating the quality of final year engineering research project." Hudson, Peter, Chandra, Vinesh, King, Donna and Lee, Kar-Tin (ed.) 1st Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics in Education Conference (STEM 2010). Brisbane, Australia 26 - 27 Nov 2010 Brisbane, Australia.
Study on the mechanical properties of different silkworm silk fibers
Cheung, Hoi-Yan, Ho, Mei-po, Lau, Kin-tak and Mosallam, Ayman. 2009. "Study on the mechanical properties of different silkworm silk fibers." Journal of Composite Materials. 43 (22), pp. 2521-2531. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998309345347
Effect of tannin on flexural properties of phenol formaldehyde glycerol reinforced composites: preliminary results
Cardona, F., Ku, H. and Chouzenoux, L.. 2010. "Effect of tannin on flexural properties of phenol formaldehyde glycerol reinforced composites: preliminary results ." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 29 (24), pp. 3543-3553. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684410381152
Biodegradation of a silkworm silk/PLA composite
Cheung, Hoi-Yan, Lau, Kin-Tak, Pow, Yu-Fung, Zhao, Yong-Qing and Hui, David. 2010. "Biodegradation of a silkworm silk/PLA composite." Composites Part B: Engineering. 41 (3), pp. 223-228. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2009.09.004
Work in Progress - Intervening to Improve the Dissertation of Final Year Engineering Research Projects
Goh, Steven and Ku, Harry. 2011. "Work in Progress - Intervening to Improve the Dissertation of Final Year Engineering Research Projects." 41st ASEE/IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE 2011): Celebrating 41 Years of Monumental Innovations from around the World. Rapid City, United States 12 - 15 Oct 2011 United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/FIE.2011.6142897
In-situ synthesis and characterization of electrically conductive polypyrrole/graphene nanocomposites
Bose, Saswata, Kuila, Tapas, Uddin, Md. Elias, Kim, Nam Hoon, Lau, Alan K. T. and Lee, Joong Hee. 2010. "In-situ synthesis and characterization of electrically conductive polypyrrole/graphene nanocomposites." Polymer. 51 (25), pp. 5921-5928. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2010.10.014
Nanodiamond/poly (lactic acid) nanocomposites: effect of nanodiamond on structure and properties of poly (lactic acid)
Zhao, Yong-Qing, Lau, Kin-Tak, Kim, Jang-Kyo, Xu, Cai-Ling, Zhao, Dan-Dan and Li, Hu-Lin. 2010. "Nanodiamond/poly (lactic acid) nanocomposites: effect of nanodiamond on structure and properties of poly (lactic acid)." Composites Part B: Engineering. 41 (8), pp. 646-653. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2010.09.003
Using computer software packages to enhance the teaching in engineering management science: part 3 - simulation
Ku, H. and Fulcher, R.. 2012. "Using computer software packages to enhance the teaching in engineering management science: part 3 - simulation ." Computer Applications in Engineering Education. 20 (3), pp. 547-552. https://doi.org/10.1002/cae.20423
Using computer software packages to enhance the teaching in engineering management science: part 2 - programming techniques
Ku, H. and Fulcher, R.. 2012. "Using computer software packages to enhance the teaching in engineering management science: part 2 - programming techniques ." Computer Applications in Engineering Education. 20 ( 1), pp. 114-123. https://doi.org/10.1002/cae.20379
A pilot study on the flexural properties of vinyl ester composites filled with glass powder
Ku, H., Trada, M. and Huq, R.. 2010. "A pilot study on the flexural properties of vinyl ester composites filled with glass powder ." Advanced Materials Research. 123-125, pp. 3-6. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.123-125.3
Development of polymer network of phenolic and epoxies resins mixed with linseed oil: pilot study
Ku, H., Cardona, F., Rogers, D. and Munoz, J.-C.. 2010. "Development of polymer network of phenolic and epoxies resins mixed with linseed oil: pilot study ." Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance. 19 (6), pp. 912-919. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-009-9549-9
Final year engineering projects in Australia and Europe
Ku, H. and Goh, S.. 2010. "Final year engineering projects in Australia and Europe." European Journal of Engineering Education. 35 (2), pp. 161-173. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043790903497336
Optimum percentage of fly ash reinforcement in vinyl ester composites
Ku, H., Kota, V. and Trada, M.. 2010. "Optimum percentage of fly ash reinforcement in vinyl ester composites ." Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. 22 (1), pp. 104-107. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0899-1561(2010)22:1(104)
A lucrative export - engineering education: down under
Ross, David, Ku, Harry S. and Penfold, Peter. 2009. "A lucrative export - engineering education: down under." DIAS Technology Review. 5 (2), pp. 14-23.
Flexural properties of sawdust reinforced phenolic composites: pilot study
Ku, Harry Siu-Lung, Cardona, Francisco, Trada, Mohar and Vigier, Gurlaume. 2009. "Flexural properties of sawdust reinforced phenolic composites: pilot study." Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 114 (3), pp. 1927-1934. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.30610
Engineering education in China and Australia: addressing the demand-supply gap
Ku, Siu Lung Harry, Wen, Peng and Xiang, Wei. 2010. "Engineering education in China and Australia: addressing the demand-supply gap." Hong Kong Institution of Engineers, Transactions. 17 (2), pp. 20-26.
Flexural properties of phenolic resin reinforced with glass powder
Ku, Harry S., Trada, Mohan, Zong, Xuejin and Wong, Peter. 2009. "Flexural properties of phenolic resin reinforced with glass powder." Liao, W. H. (ed.) ICAST 2009: 20th International Conference on Adaptive Structures and Technologies . Shatin, Hong Kong 20 - 22 Oct 2009 Hong Kong.
Flexural strength of phenol formaldehyde composites post-cured in microwaves: preliminary results
Trada, Mohan, Ku, Harry and Vedhar, Jayant. 2009. "Flexural strength of phenol formaldehyde composites post-cured in microwaves: preliminary results ." Advanced Materials Research. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.79-82.1399
Teaching of critical path networks using software packages
Ku, H.. 2009. "Teaching of critical path networks using software packages ." Wen, Peng, Li, Yuefeng, Polkowski, Lech, Yao, Yiyu, Tsumoto, Shusaku and Wang, Guoyin (ed.) 4th International Conference on Rough Sets and Knowledge Technology (RSKT 2009). Gold Coast, Australia 14 - 16 Jul 2009 Berlin, Germany. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-02962-2_55
Natural fibre-reinforced composites for bioengineering and environmental engineering
Cheung, Hoi-Yan, Ho, Mei-Po, Lau, Kin-Tak, Cardona, Francisco and Hui, David. 2009. "Natural fibre-reinforced composites for bioengineering and environmental engineering." Composites Part B: Engineering. 40 (7), pp. 655-663. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2009.04.014
Fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites reinforced with e-spheres
Ku, H., Cardona, F., Pattarachaiyakoop, N. and Trada, M.. 2009. "Fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites reinforced with e-spheres ." Journal of Composite Materials. 43 (7), pp. 741-754. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998308101296
Contrasts on fracture toughness and flexural strength of varying percentages of SLG-reinforced phenolic composites
Ku, H. S., Fok, S. C. and Siores, E.. 2009. "Contrasts on fracture toughness and flexural strength of varying percentages of SLG-reinforced phenolic composites." Journal of Composite Materials. 43 (8), pp. 885-895. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998308103159
A simplified empirical model for prediction of mechanical properties of random short fiber/vinylester composites
Epaarachchi, J., Ku, H. and Gohel, K.. 2010. "A simplified empirical model for prediction of mechanical properties of random short fiber/vinylester composites." Journal of Composite Materials. 44 (6), pp. 779-788. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998309346383
Flexural tests of phenol formaldehyde and SLG composites: pilot study
Cardona, F., Rogers, D., Gurney, R., Trada, M. and Ku, H.. 2009. "Flexural tests of phenol formaldehyde and SLG composites: pilot study ." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 28 (22), pp. 2761-2769. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684408093871
Use of wireless tablet PCs as an effective learning and teaching enhancement tool
Xiang, Wei, Goh, Steven, Pather, Selvan, Maxwell, Andrew, Wang, Hao and Ku, Harry. 2009. "Use of wireless tablet PCs as an effective learning and teaching enhancement tool." Foley, Chris (ed.) EDUCAUSE Australasia Conference 2009: Innovate, Collaborate and Sustain. Perth, Australia 03 - 06 May 2009 Wembley, Western Australia.
Mathematical modeling of the fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites reinforced with E-spheres
Ku, H., Xiang, W. and Pattarachaiyakoop, N.. 2009. "Mathematical modeling of the fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites reinforced with E-spheres ." Advanced Materials Research. 79-82, pp. 1165-1168. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.79-82.1165
Tensile tests of phenol formaldehyde SLG reinforced composites: pilot study
Ku, H., Jacobson, W., Trada, M., Cardona, F. and Rogers, D.. 2008. "Tensile tests of phenol formaldehyde SLG reinforced composites: pilot study." Journal of Composite Materials. 42 (26), pp. 2783-2793. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998308096334
Relationship between electrical and mechanical loss tangents of SLG reinforced phenolic composites: pilot study
Ku, H., Cardona, F., Ball, J., Jacobson, W. and Trada, M.. 2008. "Relationship between electrical and mechanical loss tangents of SLG reinforced phenolic composites: pilot study ." Journal of Composite Materials. 42 (19), pp. 2083-2095. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998308094548
Hong Kong Higher Diploma in Engineering and Australian Bachelor of Technology in Engineering: similarities and differences
Morgan, Michael J., Fulcher, Robert and Ku, Harry S.. 1996. "Hong Kong Higher Diploma in Engineering and Australian Bachelor of Technology in Engineering: similarities and differences." Asia Engineer.
Articulation, credit transfer and flexible delivery of engineering degree courses: Australia, Malaysia and Hong Kong
Morgan, M. J., Fulcher, R. L. and Ku, H. S.. 1998. "Articulation, credit transfer and flexible delivery of engineering degree courses: Australia, Malaysia and Hong Kong." Jurutera: Institution of Engineers Malaysia Monthly Bulletin. 1998 (1), pp. 57-67.
Innovative residential schools for engineering degree courses
Morgan, Michael J., Fulcher, Robert and Ku, Harry S.. 1999. "Innovative residential schools for engineering degree courses ." Quarterly Journal of Singapore Institute of Engineering Technologists. 18 (4), pp. 53-58.
Loss tangent for low loss thermoplastic composites
Ku, Harry S., Ball, James A. R., Siores, Elias and Chan, Peter. 1999. "Loss tangent for low loss thermoplastic composites ." Science and Engineering of Composite Materials. 8 (3), pp. 123-128.
Microwave facilities for welding thermoplastic composites and preliminary results
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 1999. "Microwave facilities for welding thermoplastic composites and preliminary results." Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy. 34 (4), pp. 195-205.
Variable frequency microwave (VFM) processing facilities and application in processing thermoplastic matrix composites
Ku, Harry S., Siu, Fred, Siores, Elias, Ball, James A. R. and Blicblau, A. S.. 2000. "Variable frequency microwave (VFM) processing facilities and application in processing thermoplastic matrix composites ." Lee, W. B. (ed.) IMCC'2000: 9th International Manufacturing Conference in China: Innovation and Technology for the New Millennium. Hong Kong, China 16 - 17 Aug 2000 Hong Kong.
Microwave processing and permittivity measurement of thermoplastic composites at elevated temperature
Ku, Harry S., Ball, James A. R., Siores, Elias and Horsfield, Brendan. 1999. "Microwave processing and permittivity measurement of thermoplastic composites at elevated temperature ." Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 89-90, pp. 419-424. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-0136(99)00018-7
An important step in microwave processing of materials: permittivity measurements of thermoplastic composites at elevated temperatures
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias, Ball, James A. R. and Horsfield, Brendan. 1998. "An important step in microwave processing of materials: permittivity measurements of thermoplastic composites at elevated temperatures." Salem, Sam (ed.) 1998 Pacific Conference on Manufacturing. Brisbane, Australia 18 - 21 Aug 1998 Brisbane, Australia.
Characterisation of thermoplastic matrix composites (TPC) using variable frequency micorwave (VFM)
Ku, Harry S., MacRobert, Martin, Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2000. "Characterisation of thermoplastic matrix composites (TPC) using variable frequency micorwave (VFM)." Plastics Rubber and Composites. 29 (6), pp. 285-287.
Variable frequency microwave processing of thermoplastic composites
Ku, Harry S., MacRobert, Martin, Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2000. "Variable frequency microwave processing of thermoplastic composites ." Plastics Rubber and Composites. 29 (6), pp. 278-284.
Effects of catalysts and post-curing conditions in the polymer network of epoxy and phenolic resins: preliminary results
Munoz, J.-C., Ku, H., Cardona, F. and Rogers, D.. 2008. "Effects of catalysts and post-curing conditions in the polymer network of epoxy and phenolic resins: preliminary results ." Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 202 (1-3), pp. 486-492. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2007.10.025
Fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites: pilot study
Ku, Harry, Rogers, David, Davey, Robert, Cardona, Francisco and Trada, Mohan. 2008. "Fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites: pilot study." Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance. 17 (1), pp. 85-90. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-007-9115-2
Contrast joints of glass-fibre with carbon-fibre reinforced low density polyethylene composite bonded by microwave irradiation
Ku, H. S.. 2008. "Contrast joints of glass-fibre with carbon-fibre reinforced low density polyethylene composite bonded by microwave irradiation." Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. 22 (1), pp. 69-84. https://doi.org/10.1163/156939308783122760
Processing of composites using variable and fixed frequency microwave facilities
Ku, Harry S. and Yusaf, Talal. 2008. "Processing of composites using variable and fixed frequency microwave facilities." Progress in Electromagnetic Research B. 5, pp. 185-205. https://doi.org/10.2528/PIERB08011304
Shrinkage reduction of thermoset fibre composites during hardening using microwaves irradiation for curing
Ku, Harry S., Van Erp, Gerard, Ball, James A. R., Ayers, Stephen R. and Siu, Fred. 2002. "Shrinkage reduction of thermoset fibre composites during hardening using microwaves irradiation for curing." Wong, S. V., Osman, M. R., Yusuff, R. M. and Ismail, N. (ed.) 2nd World Engineering Congress (WEC 2002). Sarawak, Malaysia 22 - 25 Jul 2002 Malaysia.
An evaluation of fracture toughness of vinyl ester composites cured under microwave conditions
Ku, H., Chan, W. L., Trada, M. and Baddeley, D.. 2007. "An evaluation of fracture toughness of vinyl ester composites cured under microwave conditions." Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance. 16 (6), pp. 741-745. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-007-9104-5
Managing the delivery of 'Manufacturing Processes' in an Australian regional university known for excellence in e-learning
Ross, David and Ku, Harry S.. 2007. "Managing the delivery of 'Manufacturing Processes' in an Australian regional university known for excellence in e-learning ." Delhi Institute of Advanced Studies Technology Review. 4 (1), pp. 46-54.
Relationship between microwave irradiation and constituents of composites during joining process
Ku, H. S., Ball, J. A. R. and Siores, E.. 2000. "Relationship between microwave irradiation and constituents of composites during joining process." Transactions, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. 7 (3), pp. 43-49. https://doi.org/10.1080/1023697X.2000.10667833
Applications of microwaves in non-destructive testing
Ku, H. S., Siu, F., Siores, E. and Ball, J. A. R.. 2001. "Applications of microwaves in non-destructive testing." 10th Asia Pacific Conference on Non-Destructive Testing (2001). Brisbane, Australia 17 - 21 Sep 2001 Melbourne, Australia.
The process of updating engineering management science in an Australian regional university excellence in developing e-learning
Ku, Harry S. and Fulcher, Robert. 2007. "The process of updating engineering management science in an Australian regional university excellence in developing e-learning ." European Journal of Engineering Education. 32 (5), pp. 527-538. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043790701433319
Fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites post-cured in microwaves
Cardona, F., Ku, H., Pattarachaiyakoop, N., Rogers, D. and Trada, M.. 2007. "Fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites post-cured in microwaves." Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. 21 (14), pp. 2137-2146. https://doi.org/10.1163/156939307783152867
Characterisation of chip-on-board (COB) encapsulate epoxies used in the printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) industry using variable frequency microwave (VFM) facilities
Ku, H. S., Siu, F., Mok, P. L., Siores, E. and Ball, J. A. R.. 2002. "Characterisation of chip-on-board (COB) encapsulate epoxies used in the printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) industry using variable frequency microwave (VFM) facilities." Wong, S. V., Osman, M. R., Yusuff, R. M. and Ismail, N. (ed.) 2nd World Engineering Congress (WEC 2002). Sarawak, Malaysia 22 - 25 Jul 2002 Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.
Applications of fixed and variable frequency microwave (VFM) facilities in polymeric materials processing and joining
Ku, H. S., Siu, F., Siores, E. and Ball, J. A. R.. 2002. "Applications of fixed and variable frequency microwave (VFM) facilities in polymeric materials processing and joining ." Wong, S. V., Osman, M. R., Yusuff, R. M. and Ismail, N. (ed.) 2nd World Engineering Congress (WEC 2002). Sarawak, Malaysia 22 - 25 Jul 2002 Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.
Contrast joints of glass-fibre with carbon-fibre reinforced polystyrene composite bonded by microwave irradiation
Ku, Harry S.. 2003. "Contrast joints of glass-fibre with carbon-fibre reinforced polystyrene composite bonded by microwave irradiation ." Transactions, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. 10 (2), pp. 10-16.
Review - microwave processing of materials: part III
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2001. "Review - microwave processing of materials: part III." Transactions, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. 8 (3), pp. 44-50.
Review - microwave processing of materials: part II
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2001. "Review - microwave processing of materials: part II." Transactions, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. 8 (3), pp. 38-43.
Review - microwave processing of materials: part I
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2001. "Review - microwave processing of materials: part I." Transactions, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. 8 (3), pp. 31-37.
Permittivity measurement of thermoplastic composites at elevated temperature
Ku, Harry S., Horsfield, Brendan, Ball, James A. R. and Siores, Elias. 2001. "Permittivity measurement of thermoplastic composites at elevated temperature." Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy. 36 (2), pp. 101-111.
Applications of fixed and variable frequency microwave (VFM) facilities in polymeric materials processing and joining
Ku, H. S., Siu, F., Siores, E., Ball, J. A. R. and Blicblau, A. S.. 2001. "Applications of fixed and variable frequency microwave (VFM) facilities in polymeric materials processing and joining." 5th Asia Pacific Conference on Materials Processing. Seoul, South Korea 25 Jun 2001 Lausanne, Switzerland. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-0136(01)00642-2
Heat distribution and thermal analysis of joining thermoplastic composites using microwave energy
Ku, Harry S., Li, Chun Wai and Lee, Kin Fung. 2002. "Heat distribution and thermal analysis of joining thermoplastic composites using microwave energy." Institution of Engineers, Malaysia. Journal. 64 (2), pp. 6-12.
Microwave energy effects on polymer-matrix and fibre reinforcement of composites during bonding process by microwaves
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2002. "Microwave energy effects on polymer-matrix and fibre reinforcement of composites during bonding process by microwaves." Institution of Engineers, Malaysia. Journal. 63 (4), pp. 20-27.
Lap shear strength comparison between two types of random carbon fibre reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded using variable frequency microwaves (VFM) irradiation
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2002. "Lap shear strength comparison between two types of random carbon fibre reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded using variable frequency microwaves (VFM) irradiation." Journal of Materials Synthesis and Processing. 9 (6), pp. 353-361.
Joining of thirty three percent by weight random glass fibre reinforced polystyrene using variable frequency microwave
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias, Ball, James A. R. and Taube, Alex. 2002. "Joining of thirty three percent by weight random glass fibre reinforced polystyrene using variable frequency microwave." Institution of Engineers, Malaysia. Journal. 63 (2), pp. 18-24.
Risks involved in curing vinyl ester resins using microwaves irradiation
Ku, Harry S.. 2002. "Risks involved in curing vinyl ester resins using microwaves irradiation." Journal of Materials Synthesis and Processing. 10 (2), pp. 97-106.
Productivity improvements through the use of industrial microwave technologies
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias, Taube, Alex and Ball, James A. R.. 2002. "Productivity improvements through the use of industrial microwave technologies." Computers and Industrial Engineering. 42 (2-4), pp. 281-290.
Curing vinyl ester particle-reinforced composites using microwaves
Ku, H.. 2003. "Curing vinyl ester particle-reinforced composites using microwaves." Journal of Composite Materials. 37 (22), pp. 2027-2042. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998303036266
Thermal analysis comparison between two random glass fibre reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded by adhesives using microwaves: preliminary results
Ku, Harry S., Lee, Kin Fung and Li, Chun Wai. 2003. "Thermal analysis comparison between two random glass fibre reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded by adhesives using microwaves: preliminary results." Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. 17 (6), pp. 901-918. https://doi.org/10.1163/156939303322503501
Thermal analysis of joining thermoplastic matrix composites using microwaves
Ku, Harry S., Lee, Kin Fung and Li, Chun Wai. 2003. "Thermal analysis of joining thermoplastic matrix composites using microwaves." Transactions, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. 10 (1), pp. 14-20.
Lap shear strength comparison between different random glass fibre reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded by adhesives using variable frequency microwaves (VFM) irradiation
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias, Ball, James A. R., Taube, Alex and Siu, Fred. 2003. "Lap shear strength comparison between different random glass fibre reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded by adhesives using variable frequency microwaves (VFM) irradiation." Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part L: Journal of Materials, Design and Applications. 217 (1), pp. 65-75.
Joining of thirty three percent by weight random carbon fibre reinforced low density polyethylene using variable frequency microwave
Ku, Harry S.. 2003. "Joining of thirty three percent by weight random carbon fibre reinforced low density polyethylene using variable frequency microwave ." Journal of The Institution of Engineers, Singapore. 43 (1), pp. 20-25.
Thermal analysis of joining Nylon 66 composites using microwave irradiations
Ku, Harry S., Widjaya, Budiman, Lee, Kin Fung and Li, Chun Wai. 2003. "Thermal analysis of joining Nylon 66 composites using microwave irradiations." Transactions of the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering. 27 (3), pp. 259-278.
Shrinkage reduction of thermoset matrix particle reinforced composites during curing using microwaves irradiation
Ku, Harry S. and Siores, Elias. 2004. "Shrinkage reduction of thermoset matrix particle reinforced composites during curing using microwaves irradiation." Transactions, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. 11 (3), pp. 29-34.
Productivity improvement of composites processing through the use of industrial microwave technologies
Ku, Harry S.. 2006. "Productivity improvement of composites processing through the use of industrial microwave technologies." Progress in Electromagnetics Research (PIER). 66, pp. 267-285. https://doi.org/10.2528/PIER06111901
Young's modulus of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: preliminary results
Ku, Harry S., Puttgunta, V. C. and Trada, Mohan. 2006. "Young's modulus of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: preliminary results." Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. 20 (14), pp. 1911-1924. https://doi.org/10.1163/156939306779322675
Mechanical properties of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: pilot study
Ku, H., Trada, M. and Puttgunta, V. C.. 2007. "Mechanical properties of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: pilot study." Key Engineering Materials. 334-33, pp. 537-540. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.334-335.537
Yield and tensile strength of vinyl ester composites cured by microwaves
Ku, H., Trada, M., Puttgunta, V. C. and Kota, V.. 2007. "Yield and tensile strength of vinyl ester composites cured by microwaves ." Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. 21 (4), pp. 517-526. https://doi.org/10.1163/156939307780616847
Design of multi-purpose carbide end mill
Ku, Harry S. and Chia, Wee Chong. 2006. "Design of multi-purpose carbide end mill." Institution of Engineers, Malaysia. Journal. 67 (2), pp. 34-40.
Thermal analysis comparison between three random glass fibre-reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded by adhesives using microwaves
Ku, Harry S., Widjaya, Budiman, Lee, Kin Fung and Li, Chun Wai. 2004. "Thermal analysis comparison between three random glass fibre-reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded by adhesives using microwaves ." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 23 (3), pp. 1443-1460.
Contrast joints of glass-fibre with carbon-fibre reinforced low density polyethylene composite bonded by microwave irradiation
Ku, Harry S.. 2005. "Contrast joints of glass-fibre with carbon-fibre reinforced low density polyethylene composite bonded by microwave irradiation." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 24 (10), pp. 1035-1049. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684405048203
Application of variable frequency microwave (VFM) to adhesives
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2005. "Application of variable frequency microwave (VFM) to adhesives." Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. 19 (11), pp. 1467-1484.