# Prediction of crushing stress in composite materials

Article

Goh, S., Ku, H. and Ang, S. L.. 2008. "Prediction of crushing stress in composite materials." Journal of Composite Materials. 42 (5), pp. 467-484. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998307086204
Article Title Prediction of crushing stress in composite materials 4918 Article Goh, S. (Author), Ku, H. (Author) and Ang, S. L. (Author) Journal of Composite Materials 42 (5), pp. 467-484 18 2008 SAGE Publications Ltd United Kingdom 0021-9983 1530-793X https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998307086204 http://jcm.sagepub.com/content/42/5/467.full.pdf+html A simple mathematical model for predicting the crushing stress of composite materials was derived and presented in this paper. The present knowledge of fracture mechanics and strength of materials are used as the basis for the model. The fracture mechanics part of the analysis was based on energy release rate approach; the energy release rate, G, of the proposed model was determined by this approach. This energy release rate was based on the Mode I (opening or tensile mode) failure. As for the strength of materials part analysis, buckling theory was used to determine the critical load of the fibre beams. These two engineering concepts were combined to form the equation for the proposed model. The derived equation is a function of the materials properties, geometric and physical parameters of the composite materials. The calculated stresses from the derived equation were compared with experimental data from technical and research papers. Good agreements shown in the results are encouraging and recommendations for future analysis with different modes of failure were also presented. This paper enables engineering designers to predict crushing stress in composite materials with confidence and makes their work more efficient and reliable. composite materials; crushing stress; fracture mechanics; cracking opening angle; buckling theory 400510. Structural engineering 401602. Composite and hybrid materials 401707. Solid mechanics File reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher/author. Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering Centre of Excellence in Engineered Fibre Composites Faculty of Engineering and Surveying

https://research.usq.edu.au/item/9yq3x/prediction-of-crushing-stress-in-composite-materials

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Ku, H., Goh, S. and Ahfock, A.. 2011. "Flexible engineering degree programs with remote access laboratories in an Australian regional university known for its excellence in e-learning." Computer Applications in Engineering Education. 19 (1), pp. 18-25. https://doi.org/10.1002/cae.20284
##### Assessing heat-treatment effects on bovine cortical bones by nanoindentation
Lau, Mei-ling, Lau, Kin-tak, Ku, Harry, Bahattacharyya, Debes and Lee, Joong-Hee. 2012. "Assessing heat-treatment effects on bovine cortical bones by nanoindentation ." Advanced Materials Research. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.410.110
##### Relationship between different mechanical properties of phenol formaldehyde SLG-reinforced composites
Ku, H. S.. 2011. "Relationship between different mechanical properties of phenol formaldehyde SLG-reinforced composites." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 30 (15), pp. 1281-1292. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684411418705
##### Relationship between electrical and mechanical loss tangents of hollow glass powder reinforced epoxy composites: a pilot study
Ku, H., Maxwell, A., Wong, P., Huang, J. and Fung, H.. 2011. "Relationship between electrical and mechanical loss tangents of hollow glass powder reinforced epoxy composites: a pilot study ." Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 119 (5), pp. 2945-2952. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.33009
##### Diversification of engineering management studies in enriching the learning experience for the 21st century global engineer
Goh, Steven and Bullen, Frank. 2009. "Diversification of engineering management studies in enriching the learning experience for the 21st century global engineer." Kestell, Colin, Grainger, Steven and Cheung, John (ed.) 20th Annual Conference for the Australasian Association of Engineering Education (AAEE 2009). Adelaide, Australia 06 - 09 Dec 2009 Adelaide, Australia.
##### A case study on the revitalisation of a 2nd level engineering and spatial science PBL course
Goh, Steven, Worden, John, Zhou, Hong and Cubero, Samuel. 2009. "A case study on the revitalisation of a 2nd level engineering and spatial science PBL course." Kestell, Colin, Grainger, Steven and Cheung, John (ed.) 20th Annual Conference for the Australasian Association of Engineering Education (AAEE 2009). Adelaide, Australia 06 - 09 Dec 2009 Adelaide, South Australia.
##### An investigation into the application of research strategies in the final-year undergraduate engineering and surveying projects
Cochrane, Sandra, Goh, Steven and Ku, Harry. 2009. "An investigation into the application of research strategies in the final-year undergraduate engineering and surveying projects." Kestell, Colin, Grainger, Steven and Cheung, John (ed.) 20th Annual Conference for the Australasian Association of Engineering Education (AAEE 2009). Adelaide, Australia 06 - 09 Dec 2009 Adelaide, Australia.
##### Engineering education - undergraduate and masters: China and down under
Ku, Harry, Wen, Paul, Xiang, Wei and Goh, Steven. 2009. "Engineering education - undergraduate and masters: China and down under." Kestell, Colin, Grainger, Steven and Cheung, John (ed.) 20th Annual Conference for the Australasian Association of Engineering Education (AAEE 2009). Adelaide, Australia 06 - 09 Dec 2009 Adelaide, Australia.
##### Research design for investigation of Nigeria manufacturing management
Mustapha, U. M., Ku, H. and Goh, S.. 2009. "Research design for investigation of Nigeria manufacturing management." Wen, Peng, Li, Yuefeng, Polkowski, Lech, Yao, Yiyu, Tsumoto, Shusaku and Wang, Guoyin (ed.) 4th International Conference on Rough Sets and Knowledge Technology (RSKT 2009). Gold Coast, Australia 14 - 16 Jul 2009 Berlin, Germany. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-02962-2_58
##### Effects of chopped hemp on mechanical and thermal properties of epoxy resins
Vandenbroucke, A., Cardona, F., Ku, H. and Rogers, D.. 2009. "Effects of chopped hemp on mechanical and thermal properties of epoxy resins ." Aravinthan, Thiru, Karunasena, Warna (Karu) and Wang, Hao (ed.) 20th Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials (ACMSM20). Toowoomba, Australia 02 - 05 Dec 2008 London, United Kingdom.
##### Effects of EPON on mechanical and thermal properties of epoxy resins
Ku, H., Cardona, F., Rogers, D. and Vandenbroucke, A.. 2008. "Effects of EPON on mechanical and thermal properties of epoxy resins ." Lau, Alan K. T., Lu, J., Varadan, Vijay K., Chang, F. K., Tu, J. P. and Lam, P. M. (ed.) ICMMSE 2008: International Conference on Multifunctional Materials and Structures. Hong Kong, China 28 - 31 Jul 2008 Stafa-Zurich, Switzerland. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.47-50.536
##### Weldability and heat affected zone (HAZ) evaluation for high energy rate joining of thermoplastic composites using microwaves
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 1997. "Weldability and heat affected zone (HAZ) evaluation for high energy rate joining of thermoplastic composites using microwaves ." Herszberg, Isreal (ed.) 11th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-11). Gold Coast, Australia 14 - 18 Jul 1997 Cambridge, United Kingdom.
##### Complex permittivity of low loss thermoplastic composites using a resonant cavity method
Ku, Harry S., Ball, James A. R., Siores, Elias and Chan, Peter. 1999. "Complex permittivity of low loss thermoplastic composites using a resonant cavity method ." Massard, Thierry and Vautrin, Alain (ed.) 12th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-12). Paris, France 05 - 09 Jul 1999 Cambridge, United Kingdom.
##### Micrographs of fractured vinyl ester composites
Ku, Harry S., Ang, Soh Fong, Snook, Chris and Baddeley, Douglas. 2007. "Micrographs of fractured vinyl ester composites." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 26 (11), pp. 1111-1134. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684407079778
##### Processing of polymer matrix composites using variable frequency microwave (VFM)
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias, Ball, James A. R. and Chan, Peter. 2001. "Processing of polymer matrix composites using variable frequency microwave (VFM) ." Zhang, Yao (ed.) 13th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-13) . Beijing, China 25 - 29 Jun 2001 China.
##### Variable frequency microwave (VFM) processing facilities and application in processing thermoplastic matrix composites
Ku, H. S., Siu, F., Siores, E. and Ball, J. A. R.. 2003. "Variable frequency microwave (VFM) processing facilities and application in processing thermoplastic matrix composites." Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 139 (1-3), pp. 291-295. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-0136(03)00238-3
##### Impact strength of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: preliminary results
Cheng, Y. M., Ku, Harry S., Snook, Chris and Baddeley, Douglas. 2004. "Impact strength of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: preliminary results." Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part L: Journal of Materials, Design and Applications. https://doi.org/10.1177/146442070421800405
##### Short bar tests for vinyl ester particulate reinforced composites cured by microwaves
Ku, Harry S., Tsang, Shing Hin, Baddeley, Douglas and Snook, Chris. 2006. "Short bar tests for vinyl ester particulate reinforced composites cured by microwaves." Australian Journal of Structural Engineering. 7 (1), pp. 65-73.
##### Fracture toughness of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: preliminary results
Ku, Harry S., Baddeley, Douglas, Snook, Chris and Chew, C. S.. 2005. "Fracture toughness of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: preliminary results." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 24 (11), pp. 1181-1202. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684405048841
##### Micrographs of the fracture of vinyl ester composites cured by microwaves: pilot study
Chew, C. S., Ku, Harry S., Baddeley, Douglas and Snook, Chris. 2005. "Micrographs of the fracture of vinyl ester composites cured by microwaves: pilot study." Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. 19 (1), pp. 67-82. https://doi.org/10.1163/1569393052955080
##### Drop weight impact test fracture of vinyl ester composites: micrographs of pilot study
Ku, Harry S., Cheng, Y. M., Snook, Chris and Baddeley, Douglas. 2005. "Drop weight impact test fracture of vinyl ester composites: micrographs of pilot study." Journal of Composite Materials. 39 (18), pp. 1607-1620. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998305051111
##### Concentrating solar power: parabolic trough with 20% gas boost (CSP-PT+20%)
Craig, Ian, Thorpe, David, Kamel, Fouad and Goh, Steven. 2010. "Concentrating solar power: parabolic trough with 20% gas boost (CSP-PT+20%)." Goh, Steven C. and Wang, Hao (ed.) 2010 Southern Region Engineering Conference (SREC 2010). Toowoomba, Australia 11 - 12 Nov 2010 Toowoomba, Australia.
##### Flexural properties of phenolic resin reinforced with glass powder: preliminary results
Ku, H., Trada, M., Nixon, R. and Wong, P.. 2010. "Flexural properties of phenolic resin reinforced with glass powder: preliminary results ." Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 116 (1), pp. 347-354. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.31608
##### Tensile tests of phenol formaldehyde glass-powder-reinforced composites: pilot study
Ku, H., Trada, M., Cecil, T. and Wong, P.. 2010. "Tensile tests of phenol formaldehyde glass-powder-reinforced composites: pilot study." Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 116 (1), pp. 10-17. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.31424
##### Remote access laboratories in Australia and Europe
Ku, H., Ahfock, T. and Yusaf, T.. 2011. "Remote access laboratories in Australia and Europe." European Journal of Engineering Education. 36 (3), pp. 253-268. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043797.2011.578244
##### Literature review of past and present performance of the Nigerian manufacturing sector
Ku, H. S-L., Mustapha, U. and Goh, S.. 2010. "Literature review of past and present performance of the Nigerian manufacturing sector ." IMechE 2010: Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Lyon, France 04 Nov 2010 United Kingdom. SAGE Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1243/09544054JEM1818
##### Revitalisation of a 2nd level engineering and spatial science PBL course: almost there but...
Goh, Steven C., Worden, John, Zhou, Hong and Clewett, John. 2010. "Revitalisation of a 2nd level engineering and spatial science PBL course: almost there but..." Gardner, Anne and Jolly, Lesley (ed.) 21st Annual Conference for the Australasian Association of Engineering Education (AAEE 2010). Sydney, Australia 05 - 08 Dec 2010 Sydney, Australia.
##### Development of a customised software module within the Moodle LMS for team-based PBL courses
Zhou, Hong, Goh, Steven C., Worden, John, Tschirpig, Barry, Yong, Andrew and Brodie, Lyn. 2010. "Development of a customised software module within the Moodle LMS for team-based PBL courses." Gardner, Anne and Jolly, Lesley (ed.) 21st Annual Conference for the Australasian Association of Engineering Education (AAEE 2010). Sydney, Australia 05 - 08 Dec 2010 Sydney, Australia.
##### Australian agriculture - adaptations to climate change
Craig, I., Goh, S. and Mushtaq, S.. 2010. "Australian agriculture - adaptations to climate change." Climate Adaptation Futures: Preparing for the Unavoidable Impacts of Climate Change (2010). Gold Coast, Australia 29 Jun - 01 Jul 2010 Brisbane, Australia.
##### Preliminary results on literature review skills of students doing capstone projects
Ku, Harry S. and Goh, Steven C.. 2010. "Preliminary results on literature review skills of students doing capstone projects." Goh, Steven C. and Wang, Hao (ed.) 2010 Southern Region Engineering Conference (SREC 2010). Toowoomba, Australia 11 - 12 Nov 2010 Toowoomba, Australia.
##### A review on the tensile properties of natural fiber reinforced polymer composites
Ku, H., Wang, H., Pattarachaiyakoop, N. and Trada, M.. 2011. "A review on the tensile properties of natural fiber reinforced polymer composites ." Composites Part B: Engineering. 42 (4), pp. 856-873. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2011.01.010
##### Thermal properties of sawdust reinforced vinyl ester composites post-cured in microwaves: a pilot study
Ku, H., Prajapati, M. and Cardona, F.. 2011. "Thermal properties of sawdust reinforced vinyl ester composites post-cured in microwaves: a pilot study ." Composites Part B: Engineering. 42 (4), pp. 898-906. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2011.01.008
##### Study of SME innovation in two Queensland industries
Thorpe, David and Goh, Steven. 2010. "Study of SME innovation in two Queensland industries." Al-Hakim, Latif and Jin, Chen (ed.) Innovation in business and enterprise: technologies and frameworks. Hershey PA, USA. IGI Global. pp. 240-259
##### Qualitative methodologies for dummies: engineers in investigating the quality of final year engineering research project
Goh, Steven and Ku, Harry. 2010. "Qualitative methodologies for dummies: engineers in investigating the quality of final year engineering research project." Hudson, Peter, Chandra, Vinesh, King, Donna and Lee, Kar-Tin (ed.) 1st Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics in Education Conference (STEM 2010). Brisbane, Australia 26 - 27 Nov 2010 Brisbane, Australia.
##### Investigation of bispectral index filtering and improvement using wavelet transform adaptive filter
Palendeng, Mario Elvis, Wen, Peng and Goh, Steven. 2010. "Investigation of bispectral index filtering and improvement using wavelet transform adaptive filter." Kuo, Way, Tsui, Lap Chee and Sung, Jao Yiu (ed.) 4th IEEE International Conference on Nano/Molecular Medicine and Engineering (NANOMED 2010). Hong Kong, China 05 - 09 Dec 2010 Piscataway, NJ. United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/NANOMED.2010.5749796
##### Effect of tannin on flexural properties of phenol formaldehyde glycerol reinforced composites: preliminary results
Cardona, F., Ku, H. and Chouzenoux, L.. 2010. "Effect of tannin on flexural properties of phenol formaldehyde glycerol reinforced composites: preliminary results ." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 29 (24), pp. 3543-3553. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684410381152
##### A new engineering management master to address the personal, professional and educational needs of engineering graduates to achieve EA chartered status
Goh, Steven C., Jokic, Michael D. and Hartle, Todd. 2010. "A new engineering management master to address the personal, professional and educational needs of engineering graduates to achieve EA chartered status." Gardner, Anne and Jolly, Lesley (ed.) 21st Annual Conference for the Australasian Association of Engineering Education (AAEE 2010). Sydney, Australia 05 - 08 Dec 2010 Sydney, Australia.
##### Work in Progress - Intervening to Improve the Dissertation of Final Year Engineering Research Projects
Goh, Steven and Ku, Harry. 2011. "Work in Progress - Intervening to Improve the Dissertation of Final Year Engineering Research Projects." 41st ASEE/IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE 2011): Celebrating 41 Years of Monumental Innovations from around the World. Rapid City, United States 12 - 15 Oct 2011 United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/FIE.2011.6142897
##### Engineering management education post GFC and Copenhagen: are we on the right track?
Goh, Steven and Bullen, Frank. 2010. "Engineering management education post GFC and Copenhagen: are we on the right track?" Richards, Larry (ed.) 40th ASEE/IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE 2010): Celebrating 40 Years of Innovation. Washington, United States 27 - 30 Oct 2010 San Diego, CA. United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/FIE.2010.5673628
##### Using computer software packages to enhance the teaching in engineering management science: part 3 - simulation
Ku, H. and Fulcher, R.. 2012. "Using computer software packages to enhance the teaching in engineering management science: part 3 - simulation ." Computer Applications in Engineering Education. 20 (3), pp. 547-552. https://doi.org/10.1002/cae.20423
##### Using computer software packages to enhance the teaching in engineering management science: part 2 - programming techniques
Ku, H. and Fulcher, R.. 2012. "Using computer software packages to enhance the teaching in engineering management science: part 2 - programming techniques ." Computer Applications in Engineering Education. 20 ( 1), pp. 114-123. https://doi.org/10.1002/cae.20379
##### The engineering manager of the 21st century: implications for education and professional development [Keynote address]
Goh, Steven C.. 2008. "The engineering manager of the 21st century: implications for education and professional development [Keynote address]." CELM Victoria Seminar Series (March 2008). Melbourne, Australia 12 Mar 2008 Melbourne, Australia.
##### A pilot study on the flexural properties of vinyl ester composites filled with glass powder
Ku, H., Trada, M. and Huq, R.. 2010. "A pilot study on the flexural properties of vinyl ester composites filled with glass powder ." Advanced Materials Research. 123-125, pp. 3-6. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.123-125.3
##### Development of polymer network of phenolic and epoxies resins mixed with linseed oil: pilot study
Ku, H., Cardona, F., Rogers, D. and Munoz, J.-C.. 2010. "Development of polymer network of phenolic and epoxies resins mixed with linseed oil: pilot study ." Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance. 19 (6), pp. 912-919. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-009-9549-9
##### Final year engineering projects in Australia and Europe
Ku, H. and Goh, S.. 2010. "Final year engineering projects in Australia and Europe." European Journal of Engineering Education. 35 (2), pp. 161-173. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043790903497336
##### Optimum percentage of fly ash reinforcement in vinyl ester composites
Ku, H., Kota, V. and Trada, M.. 2010. "Optimum percentage of fly ash reinforcement in vinyl ester composites ." Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. 22 (1), pp. 104-107. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0899-1561(2010)22:1(104)
##### A lucrative export - engineering education: down under
Ross, David, Ku, Harry S. and Penfold, Peter. 2009. "A lucrative export - engineering education: down under." DIAS Technology Review. 5 (2), pp. 14-23.
##### Flexural properties of sawdust reinforced phenolic composites: pilot study
Ku, Harry Siu-Lung, Cardona, Francisco, Trada, Mohar and Vigier, Gurlaume. 2009. "Flexural properties of sawdust reinforced phenolic composites: pilot study." Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 114 (3), pp. 1927-1934. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.30610
##### Engineering education in China and Australia: addressing the demand-supply gap
Ku, Siu Lung Harry, Wen, Peng and Xiang, Wei. 2010. "Engineering education in China and Australia: addressing the demand-supply gap." Hong Kong Institution of Engineers, Transactions. 17 (2), pp. 20-26.
##### Flexural properties of phenolic resin reinforced with glass powder
Ku, Harry S., Trada, Mohan, Zong, Xuejin and Wong, Peter. 2009. "Flexural properties of phenolic resin reinforced with glass powder." Liao, W. H. (ed.) ICAST 2009: 20th International Conference on Adaptive Structures and Technologies . Shatin, Hong Kong 20 - 22 Oct 2009 Hong Kong.
##### Flexural strength of phenol formaldehyde composites post-cured in microwaves: preliminary results
Trada, Mohan, Ku, Harry and Vedhar, Jayant. 2009. "Flexural strength of phenol formaldehyde composites post-cured in microwaves: preliminary results ." Advanced Materials Research. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.79-82.1399
##### A proposed learning journey for the 21st century global engineering manager: an Australian perspective
Goh, S., Bullen, F. and Gibbings, P.. 2009. "A proposed learning journey for the 21st century global engineering manager: an Australian perspective." Jaafari, Ali (ed.) APES 2009: Managing Projects, Programs and Ventures in Times of Uncertainty and Disruptive Change. Sydney, Australia 19 - 20 Nov 2009 Sydney, Australia.
##### Teaching of critical path networks using software packages
Ku, H.. 2009. "Teaching of critical path networks using software packages ." Wen, Peng, Li, Yuefeng, Polkowski, Lech, Yao, Yiyu, Tsumoto, Shusaku and Wang, Guoyin (ed.) 4th International Conference on Rough Sets and Knowledge Technology (RSKT 2009). Gold Coast, Australia 14 - 16 Jul 2009 Berlin, Germany. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-02962-2_55
##### Enabling pathways by enabling cultural and value change in engineering academics
Goh, Steven and Park, Sang-Soon. 2009. "Enabling pathways by enabling cultural and value change in engineering academics." Bedford, Tasman, Huijser, Henk and Muller, Sarah (ed.) Enabling Pathways: 3rd National Conference of Enabling Educators. Toowoomba, Australia 25 - 27 Nov 2009 Toowoomba, Australia.
##### Fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites reinforced with e-spheres
Ku, H., Cardona, F., Pattarachaiyakoop, N. and Trada, M.. 2009. "Fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites reinforced with e-spheres ." Journal of Composite Materials. 43 (7), pp. 741-754. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998308101296
##### Contrasts on fracture toughness and flexural strength of varying percentages of SLG-reinforced phenolic composites
Ku, H. S., Fok, S. C. and Siores, E.. 2009. "Contrasts on fracture toughness and flexural strength of varying percentages of SLG-reinforced phenolic composites." Journal of Composite Materials. 43 (8), pp. 885-895. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998308103159
##### A simplified empirical model for prediction of mechanical properties of random short fiber/vinylester composites
Epaarachchi, J., Ku, H. and Gohel, K.. 2010. "A simplified empirical model for prediction of mechanical properties of random short fiber/vinylester composites." Journal of Composite Materials. 44 (6), pp. 779-788. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998309346383
##### Flexural tests of phenol formaldehyde and SLG composites: pilot study
Cardona, F., Rogers, D., Gurney, R., Trada, M. and Ku, H.. 2009. "Flexural tests of phenol formaldehyde and SLG composites: pilot study ." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 28 (22), pp. 2761-2769. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684408093871
##### Is the current practice in engineering education a sustainable model for creating sustainability-trained engineers
Goh, Steven. 2009. "Is the current practice in engineering education a sustainable model for creating sustainability-trained engineers." Mudd, Gavin M. (ed.) SSEE 2009: Solutions for a Sustainable Planet . Melbourne, Australia 22 - 24 Nov 2009 Melbourne, Australia.
##### An investigation into the innovation and technology transfer process in the SME sector within a university-industry collaboration context
Goh, Steven and Thorpe, David. 2008. "An investigation into the innovation and technology transfer process in the SME sector within a university-industry collaboration context." Asian International Journal of Science and Technology in Production and Manufacturing. 1 (2), pp. 1-10.
##### Management education for the 21st century engineering manager: an Australian perspective
Goh, Steven, Coaker, Warren and Bullen, Frank. 2008. "Management education for the 21st century engineering manager: an Australian perspective." 38th ASEE/IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE 2008): Racing Toward Innovation in Engineering Education. Saratoga Springs, United States 22 - 25 Oct 2008 Hoboken, NJ. United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/FIE.2008.4720275
##### Investing in the future of engineering education infrastructure for sustainability
Goh, Steven C.. 2009. "Investing in the future of engineering education infrastructure for sustainability." Thorpe, David, Zhuge, Yan and Rogers-Clark, Peter (ed.) 2009 Southern Region Engineering Conference (SREC 2009). Springfield, Australia 17 - 18 Oct 2009 Brisbane, Australia.
##### The influencing factors in designing conceptual energy-waste solutions for sustainable housing
Gould, Nicholas and Goh, Steven C.. 2009. "The influencing factors in designing conceptual energy-waste solutions for sustainable housing." Thorpe, David, Zhuge, Yan and Rogers-Clark, Peter (ed.) 2009 Southern Region Engineering Conference (SREC 2009). Springfield, Australia 17 - 18 Oct 2009 Brisbane, Australia.
##### Use of wireless tablet PCs as an effective learning and teaching enhancement tool
Xiang, Wei, Goh, Steven, Pather, Selvan, Maxwell, Andrew, Wang, Hao and Ku, Harry. 2009. "Use of wireless tablet PCs as an effective learning and teaching enhancement tool." Foley, Chris (ed.) EDUCAUSE Australasia Conference 2009: Innovate, Collaborate and Sustain. Perth, Australia 03 - 06 May 2009 Wembley, Western Australia.
##### Mathematical modeling of the fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites reinforced with E-spheres
Ku, H., Xiang, W. and Pattarachaiyakoop, N.. 2009. "Mathematical modeling of the fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites reinforced with E-spheres ." Advanced Materials Research. 79-82, pp. 1165-1168. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.79-82.1165
##### How engineers become CEOs: implications for education and training
Goh, Steven C., Coaker, Warren and Thorpe, David. 2008. "How engineers become CEOs: implications for education and training." Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering. 31 (2), pp. 846-852.
##### How engineers become CEOs: implications for education and training
Goh, Steven, Coaker, Warren and Thorpe, David. 2008. "How engineers become CEOs: implications for education and training." Yarlagadda, Prasad (ed.) 9th Global Congress on Manufacturing and Management (GCMM2008): Towards Excellence in Smart Manufacturing and Engineering Knowledge Management. Gold Coast, Australia 12 - 14 Nov 2008 Brisbane, Qld., Australia.
##### A reflection in the innovation and technology transfer experience in a regional micro-manufacturer: a case study
Goh, Steven and Thorpe, David. 2008. "A reflection in the innovation and technology transfer experience in a regional micro-manufacturer: a case study." Yarlagadda, Prasad (ed.) 9th Global Congress on Manufacturing and Management (GCMM2008): Towards Excellence in Smart Manufacturing and Engineering Knowledge Management. Gold Coast, Australia 12 - 14 Nov 2008 Brisbane, Australia.
##### Using an authentic learning environment to help students see that there's more to research than Google and Wikipedia: a reflection
Cochrane, Sandra and Goh, Steven. 2008. "Using an authentic learning environment to help students see that there's more to research than Google and Wikipedia: a reflection." Mann, Llewellyn, Thompson, Adam and Howard, Prue (ed.) 19th Annual Conference of the Australasian Association for Engineering Education (AAEE 2008). Yeppoon, Australia 07 - 10 Dec 2008 Canberra, Australia.
##### A new paradigm for professional development framework and curriculum renewal in engineering management education: a proposal for reform
Goh, Steven. 2008. "A new paradigm for professional development framework and curriculum renewal in engineering management education: a proposal for reform." Mann, Llewellyn, Thompson, Adam and Howard, Prue (ed.) 19th Annual Conference of the Australasian Association for Engineering Education (AAEE 2008). Yeppoon, Australia 07 - 10 Dec 2008 Canberra, Australia.
##### Tensile tests of phenol formaldehyde SLG reinforced composites: pilot study
Ku, H., Jacobson, W., Trada, M., Cardona, F. and Rogers, D.. 2008. "Tensile tests of phenol formaldehyde SLG reinforced composites: pilot study." Journal of Composite Materials. 42 (26), pp. 2783-2793. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998308096334
##### Relationship between electrical and mechanical loss tangents of SLG reinforced phenolic composites: pilot study
Ku, H., Cardona, F., Ball, J., Jacobson, W. and Trada, M.. 2008. "Relationship between electrical and mechanical loss tangents of SLG reinforced phenolic composites: pilot study ." Journal of Composite Materials. 42 (19), pp. 2083-2095. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998308094548
##### Hong Kong Higher Diploma in Engineering and Australian Bachelor of Technology in Engineering: similarities and differences
Morgan, Michael J., Fulcher, Robert and Ku, Harry S.. 1996. "Hong Kong Higher Diploma in Engineering and Australian Bachelor of Technology in Engineering: similarities and differences." Asia Engineer.
##### Articulation, credit transfer and flexible delivery of engineering degree courses: Australia, Malaysia and Hong Kong
Morgan, M. J., Fulcher, R. L. and Ku, H. S.. 1998. "Articulation, credit transfer and flexible delivery of engineering degree courses: Australia, Malaysia and Hong Kong." Jurutera: Institution of Engineers Malaysia Monthly Bulletin. 1998 (1), pp. 57-67.
##### Innovative residential schools for engineering degree courses
Morgan, Michael J., Fulcher, Robert and Ku, Harry S.. 1999. "Innovative residential schools for engineering degree courses ." Quarterly Journal of Singapore Institute of Engineering Technologists. 18 (4), pp. 53-58.
##### Loss tangent for low loss thermoplastic composites
Ku, Harry S., Ball, James A. R., Siores, Elias and Chan, Peter. 1999. "Loss tangent for low loss thermoplastic composites ." Science and Engineering of Composite Materials. 8 (3), pp. 123-128.
##### Microwave facilities for welding thermoplastic composites and preliminary results
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 1999. "Microwave facilities for welding thermoplastic composites and preliminary results." Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy. 34 (4), pp. 195-205.
##### Variable frequency microwave (VFM) processing facilities and application in processing thermoplastic matrix composites
Ku, Harry S., Siu, Fred, Siores, Elias, Ball, James A. R. and Blicblau, A. S.. 2000. "Variable frequency microwave (VFM) processing facilities and application in processing thermoplastic matrix composites ." Lee, W. B. (ed.) IMCC'2000: 9th International Manufacturing Conference in China: Innovation and Technology for the New Millennium. Hong Kong, China 16 - 17 Aug 2000 Hong Kong.
##### Microwave processing and permittivity measurement of thermoplastic composites at elevated temperature
Ku, Harry S., Ball, James A. R., Siores, Elias and Horsfield, Brendan. 1999. "Microwave processing and permittivity measurement of thermoplastic composites at elevated temperature ." Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 89-90, pp. 419-424. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-0136(99)00018-7
##### An important step in microwave processing of materials: permittivity measurements of thermoplastic composites at elevated temperatures
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias, Ball, James A. R. and Horsfield, Brendan. 1998. "An important step in microwave processing of materials: permittivity measurements of thermoplastic composites at elevated temperatures." Salem, Sam (ed.) 1998 Pacific Conference on Manufacturing. Brisbane, Australia 18 - 21 Aug 1998 Brisbane, Australia.
##### Characterisation of thermoplastic matrix composites (TPC) using variable frequency micorwave (VFM)
Ku, Harry S., MacRobert, Martin, Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2000. "Characterisation of thermoplastic matrix composites (TPC) using variable frequency micorwave (VFM)." Plastics Rubber and Composites. 29 (6), pp. 285-287.
##### Variable frequency microwave processing of thermoplastic composites
Ku, Harry S., MacRobert, Martin, Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2000. "Variable frequency microwave processing of thermoplastic composites ." Plastics Rubber and Composites. 29 (6), pp. 278-284.
##### Effects of catalysts and post-curing conditions in the polymer network of epoxy and phenolic resins: preliminary results
Munoz, J.-C., Ku, H., Cardona, F. and Rogers, D.. 2008. "Effects of catalysts and post-curing conditions in the polymer network of epoxy and phenolic resins: preliminary results ." Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 202 (1-3), pp. 486-492. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2007.10.025
##### Fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites: pilot study
Ku, Harry, Rogers, David, Davey, Robert, Cardona, Francisco and Trada, Mohan. 2008. "Fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites: pilot study." Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance. 17 (1), pp. 85-90. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-007-9115-2
##### Contrast joints of glass-fibre with carbon-fibre reinforced low density polyethylene composite bonded by microwave irradiation
Ku, H. S.. 2008. "Contrast joints of glass-fibre with carbon-fibre reinforced low density polyethylene composite bonded by microwave irradiation." Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. 22 (1), pp. 69-84. https://doi.org/10.1163/156939308783122760
##### Processing of composites using variable and fixed frequency microwave facilities
Ku, Harry S. and Yusaf, Talal. 2008. "Processing of composites using variable and fixed frequency microwave facilities." Progress in Electromagnetic Research B. 5, pp. 185-205. https://doi.org/10.2528/PIERB08011304
##### Shrinkage reduction of thermoset fibre composites during hardening using microwaves irradiation for curing
Ku, Harry S., Van Erp, Gerard, Ball, James A. R., Ayers, Stephen R. and Siu, Fred. 2002. "Shrinkage reduction of thermoset fibre composites during hardening using microwaves irradiation for curing." Wong, S. V., Osman, M. R., Yusuff, R. M. and Ismail, N. (ed.) 2nd World Engineering Congress (WEC 2002). Sarawak, Malaysia 22 - 25 Jul 2002 Malaysia.
##### An evaluation of fracture toughness of vinyl ester composites cured under microwave conditions
Ku, H., Chan, W. L., Trada, M. and Baddeley, D.. 2007. "An evaluation of fracture toughness of vinyl ester composites cured under microwave conditions." Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance. 16 (6), pp. 741-745. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-007-9104-5
##### Managing the delivery of 'Manufacturing Processes' in an Australian regional university known for excellence in e-learning
Ross, David and Ku, Harry S.. 2007. "Managing the delivery of 'Manufacturing Processes' in an Australian regional university known for excellence in e-learning ." Delhi Institute of Advanced Studies Technology Review. 4 (1), pp. 46-54.
##### 2020 VISION and its implication for engineering management education
Goh, Steven. 2007. "2020 VISION and its implication for engineering management education." Sondergaard, Harald and Hadgraft, Roger (ed.) 18th Annual Conference of the Australasian Association for Engineering Education (AAEE 2007). Melbourne, Australia 09 - 13 Dec 2007 Melbourne, Australia.
##### Relationship between microwave irradiation and constituents of composites during joining process
Ku, H. S., Ball, J. A. R. and Siores, E.. 2000. "Relationship between microwave irradiation and constituents of composites during joining process." Transactions, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. 7 (3), pp. 43-49. https://doi.org/10.1080/1023697X.2000.10667833
##### Applications of microwaves in non-destructive testing
Ku, H. S., Siu, F., Siores, E. and Ball, J. A. R.. 2001. "Applications of microwaves in non-destructive testing." 10th Asia Pacific Conference on Non-Destructive Testing (2001). Brisbane, Australia 17 - 21 Sep 2001 Melbourne, Australia.
##### The process of updating engineering management science in an Australian regional university excellence in developing e-learning
Ku, Harry S. and Fulcher, Robert. 2007. "The process of updating engineering management science in an Australian regional university excellence in developing e-learning ." European Journal of Engineering Education. 32 (5), pp. 527-538. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043790701433319
##### Fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites post-cured in microwaves
Cardona, F., Ku, H., Pattarachaiyakoop, N., Rogers, D. and Trada, M.. 2007. "Fracture toughness of phenol formaldehyde composites post-cured in microwaves." Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. 21 (14), pp. 2137-2146. https://doi.org/10.1163/156939307783152867
##### Characterisation of chip-on-board (COB) encapsulate epoxies used in the printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) industry using variable frequency microwave (VFM) facilities
Ku, H. S., Siu, F., Mok, P. L., Siores, E. and Ball, J. A. R.. 2002. "Characterisation of chip-on-board (COB) encapsulate epoxies used in the printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) industry using variable frequency microwave (VFM) facilities." Wong, S. V., Osman, M. R., Yusuff, R. M. and Ismail, N. (ed.) 2nd World Engineering Congress (WEC 2002). Sarawak, Malaysia 22 - 25 Jul 2002 Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.
##### Applications of fixed and variable frequency microwave (VFM) facilities in polymeric materials processing and joining
Ku, H. S., Siu, F., Siores, E. and Ball, J. A. R.. 2002. "Applications of fixed and variable frequency microwave (VFM) facilities in polymeric materials processing and joining ." Wong, S. V., Osman, M. R., Yusuff, R. M. and Ismail, N. (ed.) 2nd World Engineering Congress (WEC 2002). Sarawak, Malaysia 22 - 25 Jul 2002 Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.
##### Contrast joints of glass-fibre with carbon-fibre reinforced polystyrene composite bonded by microwave irradiation
Ku, Harry S.. 2003. "Contrast joints of glass-fibre with carbon-fibre reinforced polystyrene composite bonded by microwave irradiation ." Transactions, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. 10 (2), pp. 10-16.
##### Review - microwave processing of materials: part III
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2001. "Review - microwave processing of materials: part III." Transactions, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. 8 (3), pp. 44-50.
##### Review - microwave processing of materials: part II
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2001. "Review - microwave processing of materials: part II." Transactions, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. 8 (3), pp. 38-43.
##### Review - microwave processing of materials: part I
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2001. "Review - microwave processing of materials: part I." Transactions, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. 8 (3), pp. 31-37.
##### Permittivity measurement of thermoplastic composites at elevated temperature
Ku, Harry S., Horsfield, Brendan, Ball, James A. R. and Siores, Elias. 2001. "Permittivity measurement of thermoplastic composites at elevated temperature." Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy. 36 (2), pp. 101-111.
##### Applications of fixed and variable frequency microwave (VFM) facilities in polymeric materials processing and joining
Ku, H. S., Siu, F., Siores, E., Ball, J. A. R. and Blicblau, A. S.. 2001. "Applications of fixed and variable frequency microwave (VFM) facilities in polymeric materials processing and joining." 5th Asia Pacific Conference on Materials Processing. Seoul, South Korea 25 Jun 2001 Lausanne, Switzerland. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-0136(01)00642-2
##### Heat distribution and thermal analysis of joining thermoplastic composites using microwave energy
Ku, Harry S., Li, Chun Wai and Lee, Kin Fung. 2002. "Heat distribution and thermal analysis of joining thermoplastic composites using microwave energy." Institution of Engineers, Malaysia. Journal. 64 (2), pp. 6-12.
##### Microwave energy effects on polymer-matrix and fibre reinforcement of composites during bonding process by microwaves
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2002. "Microwave energy effects on polymer-matrix and fibre reinforcement of composites during bonding process by microwaves." Institution of Engineers, Malaysia. Journal. 63 (4), pp. 20-27.
##### Lap shear strength comparison between two types of random carbon fibre reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded using variable frequency microwaves (VFM) irradiation
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2002. "Lap shear strength comparison between two types of random carbon fibre reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded using variable frequency microwaves (VFM) irradiation." Journal of Materials Synthesis and Processing. 9 (6), pp. 353-361.
##### Joining of thirty three percent by weight random glass fibre reinforced polystyrene using variable frequency microwave
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias, Ball, James A. R. and Taube, Alex. 2002. "Joining of thirty three percent by weight random glass fibre reinforced polystyrene using variable frequency microwave." Institution of Engineers, Malaysia. Journal. 63 (2), pp. 18-24.
##### Risks involved in curing vinyl ester resins using microwaves irradiation
Ku, Harry S.. 2002. "Risks involved in curing vinyl ester resins using microwaves irradiation." Journal of Materials Synthesis and Processing. 10 (2), pp. 97-106.
##### Productivity improvements through the use of industrial microwave technologies
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias, Taube, Alex and Ball, James A. R.. 2002. "Productivity improvements through the use of industrial microwave technologies." Computers and Industrial Engineering. 42 (2-4), pp. 281-290.
##### Curing vinyl ester particle-reinforced composites using microwaves
Ku, H.. 2003. "Curing vinyl ester particle-reinforced composites using microwaves." Journal of Composite Materials. 37 (22), pp. 2027-2042. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998303036266
##### Thermal analysis comparison between two random glass fibre reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded by adhesives using microwaves: preliminary results
Ku, Harry S., Lee, Kin Fung and Li, Chun Wai. 2003. "Thermal analysis comparison between two random glass fibre reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded by adhesives using microwaves: preliminary results." Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. 17 (6), pp. 901-918. https://doi.org/10.1163/156939303322503501
##### Thermal analysis of joining thermoplastic matrix composites using microwaves
Ku, Harry S., Lee, Kin Fung and Li, Chun Wai. 2003. "Thermal analysis of joining thermoplastic matrix composites using microwaves." Transactions, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. 10 (1), pp. 14-20.
##### Lap shear strength comparison between different random glass fibre reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded by adhesives using variable frequency microwaves (VFM) irradiation
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias, Ball, James A. R., Taube, Alex and Siu, Fred. 2003. "Lap shear strength comparison between different random glass fibre reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded by adhesives using variable frequency microwaves (VFM) irradiation." Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part L: Journal of Materials, Design and Applications. 217 (1), pp. 65-75.
##### Joining of thirty three percent by weight random carbon fibre reinforced low density polyethylene using variable frequency microwave
Ku, Harry S.. 2003. "Joining of thirty three percent by weight random carbon fibre reinforced low density polyethylene using variable frequency microwave ." Journal of The Institution of Engineers, Singapore. 43 (1), pp. 20-25.
##### Thermal analysis of joining Nylon 66 composites using microwave irradiations
Ku, Harry S., Widjaya, Budiman, Lee, Kin Fung and Li, Chun Wai. 2003. "Thermal analysis of joining Nylon 66 composites using microwave irradiations." Transactions of the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering. 27 (3), pp. 259-278.
##### Shrinkage reduction of thermoset matrix particle reinforced composites during curing using microwaves irradiation
Ku, Harry S. and Siores, Elias. 2004. "Shrinkage reduction of thermoset matrix particle reinforced composites during curing using microwaves irradiation." Transactions, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. 11 (3), pp. 29-34.
##### Productivity improvement of composites processing through the use of industrial microwave technologies
Ku, Harry S.. 2006. "Productivity improvement of composites processing through the use of industrial microwave technologies." Progress in Electromagnetics Research (PIER). 66, pp. 267-285. https://doi.org/10.2528/PIER06111901
##### Young's modulus of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: preliminary results
Ku, Harry S., Puttgunta, V. C. and Trada, Mohan. 2006. "Young's modulus of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: preliminary results." Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. 20 (14), pp. 1911-1924. https://doi.org/10.1163/156939306779322675
##### Mechanical properties of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: pilot study
Ku, H., Trada, M. and Puttgunta, V. C.. 2007. "Mechanical properties of vinyl ester composites cured by microwave irradiation: pilot study." Key Engineering Materials. 334-33, pp. 537-540. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.334-335.537
##### Yield and tensile strength of vinyl ester composites cured by microwaves
Ku, H., Trada, M., Puttgunta, V. C. and Kota, V.. 2007. "Yield and tensile strength of vinyl ester composites cured by microwaves ." Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. 21 (4), pp. 517-526. https://doi.org/10.1163/156939307780616847
##### Design of multi-purpose carbide end mill
Ku, Harry S. and Chia, Wee Chong. 2006. "Design of multi-purpose carbide end mill." Institution of Engineers, Malaysia. Journal. 67 (2), pp. 34-40.
##### Thermal analysis comparison between three random glass fibre-reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded by adhesives using microwaves
Ku, Harry S., Widjaya, Budiman, Lee, Kin Fung and Li, Chun Wai. 2004. "Thermal analysis comparison between three random glass fibre-reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites bonded by adhesives using microwaves ." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 23 (3), pp. 1443-1460.
##### Contrast joints of glass-fibre with carbon-fibre reinforced low density polyethylene composite bonded by microwave irradiation
Ku, Harry S.. 2005. "Contrast joints of glass-fibre with carbon-fibre reinforced low density polyethylene composite bonded by microwave irradiation." Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 24 (10), pp. 1035-1049. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684405048203
##### Application of variable frequency microwave (VFM) to adhesives
Ku, Harry S., Siores, Elias and Ball, James A. R.. 2005. "Application of variable frequency microwave (VFM) to adhesives." Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications. 19 (11), pp. 1467-1484.