The role of educational theory in the future development of paramedicine as a profession: an integrative review

Article


Bell, Andy, Hammer, Sara and Seymour-Walsh, Amy. 2021. "The role of educational theory in the future development of paramedicine as a profession: an integrative review." Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 18. https://doi.org/10.33151/ajp.18.941
Article Title

The role of educational theory in the future development of paramedicine as a profession: an integrative review

ERA Journal ID13631
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsBell, Andy (Author), Hammer, Sara (Author) and Seymour-Walsh, Amy (Author)
Journal TitleAustralasian Journal of Paramedicine
Journal Citation18
Article Number941
Number of Pages10
Year2021
Place of PublicationAustralia
ISSN1447-4999
2202-7270
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.33151/ajp.18.941
Web Address (URL)https://ajp.paramedics.org/index.php/ajp/article/view/941
Abstract

Introduction: Paramedicine is at a critical juncture in its history as a healthcare profession. The evolution of paramedic practice in Australia over recent decades has culminated in its inclusion as a nationally registered, accredited, healthcare profession, while similar development is also occurring worldwide. Although paramedic education has developed over time, it is now the moment to determine whether existing educational approaches can adequately support its ongoing evolution as a profession. This article shares findings of a systematic, integrative review of characteristics of professions, allied health education and paramedic education literature.

Methods: Due to too little current research on approaches to paramedic education, the review aimed to distil essential requirements of professional education in general, and paramedic education in particular. This distillation served as an initial point of comparison with existing educational approaches in paramedicine. Literature was iteratively searched using PubMed, ScienceDirect and EBSCOhost megafile ultimate search engines, and was complemented with manual searches via professional networks, reference searches and Google Scholar.

Results: The literature review highlighted consistent themes relevant to paramedic education such as, the socio-political definition of a profession, methods for the identification of a profession, paramedicine as a distinct healthcare profession and the contemporary paramedic education framework.

Conclusion: Based on findings from this integrative review, we conclude that there is a potential misalignment between existing paramedic curricula and the educational scaffolding required to develop practicing paramedic professionals. We recommend further investigation of this potential misalignment as part of conceptualising an effective, quality, educational framework that is fit-for-purpose.

Keywordsparamedicine, profession, education, pedagogy, curriculum, professionalism
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020320219. Paramedicine
390110. Medicine, nursing and health curriculum and pedagogy
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Byline AffiliationsSchool of Health and Wellbeing
Office for the Advancement of Learning and Teaching
Flinders University
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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