Nurse-led clinics in primary health care: A scoping review of contemporary definitions, implementation enablers and barriers and their health impact

Article


Terry, Daniel, Hills, Danny, Bradley, Cressida and Govan, Linda. 2024. "Nurse-led clinics in primary health care: A scoping review of contemporary definitions, implementation enablers and barriers and their health impact." Journal of Clinical Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.17003
Article Title

Nurse-led clinics in primary health care: A scoping review of contemporary definitions, implementation enablers and
barriers and their health impact

ERA Journal ID14104
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsTerry, Daniel, Hills, Danny, Bradley, Cressida and Govan, Linda
Journal TitleJournal of Clinical Nursing
Number of Pages15
Year2024
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0962-1067
1365-2702
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.17003
Web Address (URL)https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1111/jocn.17003
Abstract

Aims: To define nurse- led clinics in primary health care, identify barriers and enablers that influence their successful implementation, and understand what impact they have on patient and population health outcomes. Background: Nurse-led clinics definitions remain inconsistent. There is limited understanding regarding what enablers and barriers impact successful nurse-led clinic implementation and their impact on patient health care. Design: Scoping review using narrative synthesis. Methods: PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, Scopus, CINAHL and PsycINFO were searched to identify nurse- led clinic definitions and models of care between 2000 and 2023. Screening and selection of studies were based on eligibility criteria and methodological quality assessment. Narrative synthesis enabled to communicate the phenomena of interest and follows the PRISMA for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) checklist. Results: Among the 36 identified studies, key principles of what constitutes nurse- led clinics were articulated providing a robust definition. Nurse- led clinics are, in most cases, commensurate with standard care, however, they provide more time with patients leading to greater satisfaction. Enablers highlight nurse- led clinic success is achieved through champions, partners, systems, and clear processes, while barriers encompass key risk points and sustainability considerations. Conclusion: The review highlights several fundamental elements are central to nurse- led clinic success and are highly recommended when developing interventional nurse- led strategies. Nurse- led clinics within primary health care seek to address health care through community driven, health professional and policy supported strategies. Overall, a robust and contemporary definition of nurse- led care and the clinics in which they operate is provided. Relevance to Clinical Practice: The comprehensive definition, clear mediators of success and the health impact of nurse- led clinics provide a clear framework to effectively build greater capacity among nursing services within primary health care. This, in addition, highlights the need for good health care policy to ensure sustainability. Patient or Public Contribution: No Patient or Public Contribution.

Keywordsbarriers, care, clinic, definition, enablers, health impact, nurse-led
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020420505. Nursing workforce
420503. Community and primary care
Byline AffiliationsSchool of Nursing and Midwifery
Federation University
Australian Primary Health Care Nurses Association, Australia
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