Self-efficacy, grit, and rural career aspirations among early career nurses: A repeated cross-sectional study

Article


Terry, Daniel, Peck, Blake, Baker, Ed and Schmitz, David. 2024. "Self-efficacy, grit, and rural career aspirations among early career nurses: A repeated cross-sectional study." BMC Nursing. 23. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-024-01723-4
Article Title

Self-efficacy, grit, and rural career aspirations among early career nurses: A repeated cross-sectional study

ERA Journal ID40052
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsTerry, Daniel, Peck, Blake, Baker, Ed and Schmitz, David
Journal TitleBMC Nursing
Journal Citation23
Article Number50
Number of Pages7
Year2024
PublisherBioMed Central Ltd.
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN1472-6955
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-024-01723-4
Web Address (URL)https://bmcnurs.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12912-024-01723-4
Abstract

Background Global nursing workforce shortage represents an impediment to the delivery of safe, evidence-based
healthcare. Despite collective efforts, a consistent stream of nurses leaving the profession remains, particularly within
the first five years of practice, which is exacerbated in rural communities. The aim of the study was to compare self-efficacy, grit, and rural career aspirations among nursing graduates between their second and fourth year of their nursing profession.
Methods As part of a longitudinal investigation, a repeated cross-sectional design was utilised. Participants
included, 117 (response rate 52.2%) who completed an online questionnaire 18–24 months after graduating, and
32 participants (response rate of 21.0%) who agree to repeat the questionnaire 36–48 months after graduating. The
questionnaire included demographic, employment, and measures examining general and occupational self-efficacy,
grit, and rural career aspirations.
Results No differences between general and occupational self-efficacy or grit were identified between second- and
fourth-year nurses. In addition, the importance placed on undertaking rural career also remains unchanged. However,
a higher proportion of fourth year nurses were more likely to be in management or were considering leaving the
profession.
Conclusions This examination of early career nurses, now in their second and fourth-year post-graduation highlights
self-efficacy, grit, and rural career aspirations remains stable between two- and four-years following graduation, while nursing in their fourth year were more likely to consider leaving the profession. Nursing retention is a ‘Wicked Problem’ that is unavoidably a complex amalgam of macro, meso and micro factors that we are yet to fully appreciate.

Keywords Student, Career, Grit, Rural, Aspiration
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020420505. Nursing workforce
Byline AffiliationsSchool of Nursing and Midwifery
Federation University
Centre for Health Research
Boise State University, United States
University of North Dakota, United States
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