Modelling crimp in woven fabrics subjected to ballistic impact

Article


Tan, V. B. C., Shim, V. P. W. and Zeng, X.. 2005. "Modelling crimp in woven fabrics subjected to ballistic impact." International Journal of Impact Engineering. 32 (1-4), pp. 561-574. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2005.06.008
Article Title

Modelling crimp in woven fabrics subjected to ballistic impact

ERA Journal ID3678
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsTan, V. B. C. (Author), Shim, V. P. W. (Author) and Zeng, X. (Author)
Journal TitleInternational Journal of Impact Engineering
Journal Citation32 (1-4), pp. 561-574
Number of Pages14
Year2005
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0734-743X
1879-3509
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2005.06.008
Web Address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0734743X05000989
Abstract

Woven fabrics are widely used in flexible armour systems for protection against fragments and projectiles from small arms. The woven architecture introduces crimp or undulations in the yarns as they pass alternately over and under orthogonal yarns. An undesirable effect of crimp is excessive deflection in fabric armour during impact. The numerical results of ballistic impact and perforation of woven aramid fabric are presented in this paper. The fabric is modelled as a network of nodal masses connected by one-dimensional viscoelastic elements. The focus of the computational simulation is to compare two different ways of incorporating yarn crimp into the fabric model. Tensile tests on strips of the woven fabric show an initial toe region in the load–deflection curve before the curve asymptotically converges to an approximately straight line beyond a certain strain. The first method of introducing crimp into the fabric model is to include the toe region of the load–deflection curve in the constitutive equation describing the viscoelastic elements. The second method to account for crimp is to physically reflect the woven architecture in the fabric model by arranging the chain of linear elements that define each yarn in a zigzag manner.

Keywordswoven fabric; crimp; ballistic impact; numerical simulation
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020401609. Polymers and plastics
Public Notes

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Byline AffiliationsNational University of Singapore
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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