Through-thickness permeability study of orthogonal and angle-interlock woven fabrics

Article


Xiao, Xueliang, Endruweit, Andreas, Zeng, Xuesen, Hu, Jinlian and Long, Andrew. 2015. "Through-thickness permeability study of orthogonal and angle-interlock woven fabrics." Journal of Materials Science. 50 (3), pp. 1257-1266. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-014-8683-4
Article Title

Through-thickness permeability study of orthogonal and angle-interlock woven fabrics

ERA Journal ID4930
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsXiao, Xueliang (Author), Endruweit, Andreas (Author), Zeng, Xuesen (Author), Hu, Jinlian (Author) and Long, Andrew (Author)
Journal TitleJournal of Materials Science
Journal Citation50 (3), pp. 1257-1266
Number of Pages10
Year2015
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN0022-2461
1573-4803
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-014-8683-4
Web Address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10853-014-8683-4
Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) woven textiles, including orthogonal and angle-interlock woven fabrics, exhibit high inter-laminar strength in addition to good in-plane mechanical properties and are particularly suitable for lightweight structural applications. Resin transfer moulding (RTM) is a cost-effective manufacturing process for composites with 3D-woven reinforcement. With increasing preform thickness, the influence of through-thickness permeability on RTM processing of composites becomes increasingly significant. This study proposes an analytical model for prediction of the through-thickness permeability, based on Poiseuille’s law for hydraulic ducts approximating realistic flow channel geometries in woven fabrics. The model is applied to four 3D-woven fabrics and three 2D-woven fabrics. The geometrical parameters of the fabrics were characterized by employing optical microscopy. For validation, the through-thickness permeability was determined experimentally. The equivalent permeability of inter-yarn gaps was found to account for approximately 90 % of the through-thickness permeability for the analysed fabrics. The analytical predictions agree well with the experimental data of the seven fabrics.

Keywordsanalytical predictions; angle-interlock woven fabrics; equivalent permeability; flow channel geometries; in-plane mechanical properties; manufacturing process; structural applications; through-thickness permeability; fluid flow, plastics processing; fiber products; textile products and processing; operations research; applied mathematics; materials science
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020401605. Functional materials
Public Notes

File reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher/author.

Byline AffiliationsHong Kong Polytechnic University, China
University of Nottingham, United Kingdom
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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