Experimental study of dynamic air permeability for woven fabrics

Article


Xiao, Xueliang, Zeng, Xuesen, Bandara, Palitha and Long, Andrew. 2012. "Experimental study of dynamic air permeability for woven fabrics." Textile Research Journal. 82 (9), pp. 920-930. https://doi.org/10.1177/0040517511429605
Article Title

Experimental study of dynamic air permeability for woven fabrics

ERA Journal ID3629
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsXiao, Xueliang (Author), Zeng, Xuesen (Author), Bandara, Palitha (Author) and Long, Andrew (Author)
Journal TitleTextile Research Journal
Journal Citation82 (9), pp. 920-930
Number of Pages11
Year2012
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0040-5175
1746-7748
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/0040517511429605
Web Address (URL)http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0040517511429605
Abstract

Dynamic permeability is relevant to textile applications subjected to fluid/gas flow under high pressure, such as automotive airbags, wearable airbags and parachute fabrics. Dynamic permeability can be determined when a porous medium is tested under transient pressure conditions. This paper utilizes a reliable approach to measure and characterize dynamic permeability for woven fabrics. The experimental principle is based on the ideal gas law and the non-linear Forchheimer equation. Compared with static permeability measured under a constant low pressure, the dynamic permeability is an intrinsic property determined by change of fabric geometry and structure due to a high-pressure load. The pressure-induced deformation is identified, including effects on fiber and yarn arrangement, yarn porosity and fabric thickness. The level of deformation is a function of the number of fabric layers and initial pressure drop. The experimental results show that the dynamic permeability is higher than the static permeability for loose fabric, while it is lower for tight fabrics. For tight fabric, more fabric layers and a lower initial pressure can reduce the difference between the static and the dynamic permeability. Analytical models are used to explain and predict both static and dynamic permeability.

Keywordsanalytical prediction; deformation; dynamic permeability; woven fabric; analytical predictions; fabric thickness; Forchheimer equation; high pressure; Ideal gas law; initial pressure; pow pressures; porous medium; textile applications; transient pressures; mechanical Properties; synthetic and natural fibers; textile technology; accidents and accident prevention; materials science
Contains Sensitive ContentDoes not contain sensitive content
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020401413. Textile technology
400204. Automotive safety engineering
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Byline AffiliationsUniversity of Nottingham, United Kingdom
University of Leeds, United Kingdom
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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