Influence of boundary conditions on the ballistic performance of high-strength fabric targets

Article


Zeng, X. S., Shim, V. P. W. and Tan, V. B. C.. 2006. "Influence of boundary conditions on the ballistic performance of high-strength fabric targets ." International Journal of Impact Engineering. 2 (1-4), pp. 631-642. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2005.06.011
Article Title

Influence of boundary conditions on the ballistic performance of high-strength fabric targets

ERA Journal ID3678
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsZeng, X. S. (Author), Shim, V. P. W. (Author) and Tan, V. B. C. (Author)
Journal TitleInternational Journal of Impact Engineering
Journal Citation2 (1-4), pp. 631-642
Number of Pages12
Year2006
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN0734-743X
1879-3509
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2005.06.011
Abstract

High-strength fabric is commonly used in personnel protection systems against small arms projectiles and
fragments. An understanding of the characteristics of high-strength fabric under ballistic impact would provide useful insights for fabric armor design. A numerical model is formulated and used to study the perforation of square plain-woven fabric targets when the fabric is (i) clamped along all four edges with its yarns aligned parallel to the edges, (ii) clamped along all four edges with yarns running 45 degrees to the edges and (iii) clamped along two edges with yarns aligned parallel to the edges. In addition, high-speed ballistic tests are carried out to validate the computational results. It is found that the ballistic resistance of such systems is sensitive to boundary conditions and yarn orientation. Targets that are unclamped on two edges can absorb more impact energy than those with all four sides clamped. Orientating the yarns 45 degrees to the clamped edges can improve energy absorption significantly. Stresses in primary yarns (those in contact with the projectile) increase rapidly when their ends are clamped; this leads to rapid failure at the impact point and a lower energy absorption. For fabrics clamped along four edges, the regions near the four corners are not stretched during impact if the yarns are parallel to the edges, whereas clamping with the yarns 45 degrees to the edges facilitates energy dissipation by the entire fabric. It is also observed that slippage at clamped edges contributes to higher energy absorption by fabric targets.

Keywordshigh-strength fabric; boundary conditions; slippage; clamping; yarn orientation; ballistic performance
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020401605. Functional materials
Public Notes

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Byline AffiliationsNational University of Singapore
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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