Psychology in the military
Psychology in the military
|Book Chapter Category||Handbook (chapter)|
|Book Title||The Australian Handbook for Careers in Psychological Science|
|Authors||Fogarty, Gerry J., Murphy, Peter J., Bennett, Neanne and Goyne, Anne|
|Editors||Machin, Tony, Machin, Tanya, Jeffries, Carla and Hoare, Nancey|
|Number of Pages||16|
|Publisher||University of Southern Queensland|
|Place of Publication||Australia|
|Web Address (URL)||https://usq.pressbooks.pub/psychologycareers/chapter/psychology-in-the-military/|
This chapter provides an overview of the practice of psychology in the Australian Defence Force (ADF) from a career perspective. The range of avenues and opportunities available to psychologists may come as a surprise to those unfamiliar with the ADF and the wider Department of Defence. This chapter begins with a historical overview that shows military psychology as one of the original drivers of the profession of psychology both here in Australia and overseas. This section takes readers from the introduction of psychological testing in the Permanent Air Force (later the Royal Australian Air Force) in 1940 through to the present day, where psychological support has three pillars reflecting the core components of service provision: organisational health and effectiveness, performance enhancement, and psychological health and readiness (see Figure 15.1).
The second section illustrates how developments in military psychology were reflected in the civilian world where psychology was emerging as a profession, to the point where the title ‘psychologist’ is now reserved by law for those who are registered with the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (Ahpra). The ways in which psychology careers in the military mesh with the AHPRA registration standards is a continuing theme in the chapter.
Psychologists in the ADF have always worked for a particular Service (Navy, Army, or Air Force) – either in uniform or as members of the Australian Public Service. While the Services have similar approaches, the platforms underpinning these Services are very different, and the way psychologists work in these fields is also unique to each Service. The third section of this chapter focuses on career opportunities for psychologists in these different branches.
Then, in the final two sections, we describe a small sample of the many projects undertaken by defence psychologists in recent years.
|Keywords||Psychology ; military|
|Article Publishing Charge (APC) Funding||School/Centre|
|Contains Sensitive Content||Does not contain sensitive content|
|ANZSRC Field of Research 2020||5299. Other psychology|
|Byline Affiliations||University of Southern Queensland|
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