Civil infrastructure damage and corrosion detection: an application of machine learning

Article


Munawar, Hafiz Suliman, Ullah, Fahim, Shahzad, Danish, Heravi, Amirhossein, Qayyum, Siddra and Akram, Junaid. 2022. "Civil infrastructure damage and corrosion detection: an application of machine learning." Buildings. 12 (2). https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12020156
Article Title

Civil infrastructure damage and corrosion detection: an application of machine learning

ERA Journal ID210216
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsMunawar, Hafiz Suliman (Author), Ullah, Fahim (Author), Shahzad, Danish (Author), Heravi, Amirhossein (Author), Qayyum, Siddra (Author) and Akram, Junaid (Author)
Journal TitleBuildings
Journal Citation12 (2)
Article Number156
Number of Pages27
Year2022
PublisherMDPI AG
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
ISSN2075-5309
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12020156
Web Address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2075-5309/12/2/156
Abstract

Automatic detection of corrosion and associated damages to civil infrastructures such as bridges, buildings, and roads, from aerial images captured by an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), helps one to overcome the challenges and shortcomings (objectivity and reliability) associated with the manual inspection methods. Deep learning methods have been widely reported in the literature for civil infrastructure corrosion detection. Among them, convolutional neural networks (CNNs) display promising applicability for the automatic detection of image features less affected by image noises. Therefore, in the current study, we propose a modified version of deep hierarchical CNN architecture, based on 16 convolution layers and cycle generative adversarial network (CycleGAN), to predict pixel-wise segmentation in an end-to-end manner using the images of Bolte Bridge and sky rail areas in Victoria (Melbourne). The convolutedly designed model network proposed in the study is based on learning and aggregation of multi-scale and multilevel features while moving from the low convolutional layers to the high-level layers, thus reducing the consistency loss in images due to the inclusion of CycleGAN. The standard approaches only use the last convolutional layer, but our proposed architecture differs from these approaches and uses multiple layers. Moreover, we have used guided filtering and Conditional Random Fields (CRFs) methods to refine the prediction results. Additionally, the effectiveness of the proposed architecture was assessed using benchmarking data of 600 images of civil infrastructure. Overall, the results show that the deep hierarchical CNN architecture based on 16 convolution layers produced advanced performances when evaluated for different methods, including the baseline, PSPNet, DeepLab, and SegNet. Overall, the extended method displayed the Global Accuracy (GA); Class Average Accuracy (CAC); mean Intersection Of the Union (IOU); Precision (P); Recall (R); and F-score values of 0.989, 0.931, 0.878, 0.849, 0.818 and 0.833, respectively.

Keywordsartificial intelligence; building corrosion detection; building damage detection; civil infrastructure crack detection; civil infrastructure inspection; image processing; machine learning; unmanned aerial vehicles
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020330202. Building construction management and project planning
460306. Image processing
400508. Infrastructure engineering and asset management
330201. Automation and technology in building and construction
400504. Construction engineering
Byline AffiliationsUniversity of New South Wales
School of Surveying and Built Environment
Saarland University, Germany
University of Sydney
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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Ullah, Fahim, Qayyum, Siddra, Thaheem, Muhammad Jamaluddin, Al-Turjman, Fadi and Sepasgozar, Samad M.E.. 2021. "Risk management in sustainable smart cities governance: a TOE framework." Technological Forecasting and Social Change. 167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2021.120743
Advertising through UAVs: Optimized path system for delivering smart real‐estate advertisement materials
Ullah, Fahim, Al-Turjman, Fadi, Qayyum, Siddra, Inam, Hina and Imran, Muhammad. 2021. "Advertising through UAVs: Optimized path system for delivering smart real‐estate advertisement materials." International Journal of Intelligent Systems. 36 (7), pp. 3429-3463. https://doi.org/10.1002/int.22422
Modelling users’ perception of the online real estate platforms in a digitally disruptive environment: an integrated KANO-SISQual approach
Ullah, Fahim, Sepasgozar, Samad M.E., Shiwrozhan, Sara and Davis, Steven. 2021. "Modelling users’ perception of the online real estate platforms in a digitally disruptive environment: an integrated KANO-SISQual approach." Telematics and Informatics. 63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tele.2021.101660
An overview of the use of solar energy in building construction projects
Hojjatian, Mahsa, Heravi, Amirhossein and Asad Poor, Javad. 2021. "An overview of the use of solar energy in building construction projects." Creative City Design. 4 (2), pp. 33-39.
A practical framework to facilitate constructability implementation using the integrated project delivery approach: a case study
Jadidoleslami, Samereh, Saghatforoush, Ehsan, Heravi, Amirhossein and Preece, Christopher. 2022. "A practical framework to facilitate constructability implementation using the integrated project delivery approach: a case study." The International Journal of Construction Management. 22 (7), pp. 1225-1239. https://doi.org/10.1080/15623599.2019.1686834
Application of deep learning on UAV-based aerial images for flood detection
Munawar, Hafiz Suliman, Ullah, Fahim, Qayyum, Siddra and Heravi, Amirhossein. 2021. "Application of deep learning on UAV-based aerial images for flood detection." Smart Cities. 4 (3), pp. 1220-1243. https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities4030065
Providing an structure for risk assessment of residential projects against earthquake
Heravi, Amirhossein and Sarabi, Mahdiyeh. 2017. "Providing an structure for risk assessment of residential projects against earthquake." 2nd International Conference on Civil Engineering and Architecture and Urban Design. Kasem Bundit University, Bangkok 31 Aug 2017
Identification of barriers and providing solutions to implement project control system in building projects
Heravi, Amirhossein and Sarabi, Mahdiyeh. 2017. "Identification of barriers and providing solutions to implement project control system in building projects." 1st National Conference on Applied Researches in Sciences and Engineering. Mashhad, Iran 27 - 28 Jul 2017 Mashhad, Iran.
Identifying and prioritising factors impacting in court decisions for construction contract disputes
Bagherian Marandi, Navid, Ravanshadnia, Mehdi, Heravi, Amirhossein and Mehdizadeh, Hasan. 2021. "Identifying and prioritising factors impacting in court decisions for construction contract disputes." 12th International Congress on Civil Engineering. Mashhad, iran 12 - 14 Jul 2021 Iran.
Assessment of requirements for establishment of a framework to enhance implementation of quality practices in building projects
Heravitorbati, Amirhossein, Coffey, Vaughan and Trigunarsyah, Bambang. 2011. "Assessment of requirements for establishment of a framework to enhance implementation of quality practices in building projects." International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology. 2 (6), pp. 465-470.
Evaluating the existing barriers in implementing constructability
Jadidoleslami, Samereh, Saghatforoush, Ehsan, Heravi, Amirhossein and Preece, Christopher. 2018. "Evaluating the existing barriers in implementing constructability." Civil Engineering Journal. 4 (12), pp. 2864-2875. https://doi.org/10.28991/cej-03091204
A beginner’s guide to developing review-based conceptual frameworks in the built environment
Ullah, Fahim. 2021. "A beginner’s guide to developing review-based conceptual frameworks in the built environment." Architecture. 1 (1), pp. 5-24. https://doi.org/10.3390/architecture1010003
Best Value Contractor Selection in Road Construction Projects: ANP-Based Decision Support System
Hasnain, Muhammad, Thaheem, Muhammad Jamaluddin and Ullah, Fahim. 2018. "Best Value Contractor Selection in Road Construction Projects: ANP-Based Decision Support System." International Journal of Civil Engineering. 16 (6), pp. 695-714. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40999-017-0199-2
Concession period of public private partnership projects: industry–academia gap analysis
Ullah, Fahim and Thaheem, Muhammad Jamaluddin. 2018. "Concession period of public private partnership projects: industry–academia gap analysis." The International Journal of Construction Management. 18 (5), pp. 418-429. https://doi.org/10.1080/15623599.2017.1333400
A systematic review of smart real estate technology: drivers of, and barriers to, the use of digital disruptive technologies and online platforms
Ullah, Fahim, Sepasgozar, Samad M.E. and Wang, Changxin. 2018. "A systematic review of smart real estate technology: drivers of, and barriers to, the use of digital disruptive technologies and online platforms." Sustainability. 10 (9), pp. 1-44. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10093142
System dynamics model to determine concession period of PPP infrastructure projects: overarching effects of critical success factors
Ullah, Fahim, Thaheem, Muhammad Jamaluddin, Sepasgozar, Samad M. E. and Forcada, Nuria. 2018. "System dynamics model to determine concession period of PPP infrastructure projects: overarching effects of critical success factors." Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction. 10 (4). https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)LA.1943-4170.0000280
The performance gap in energy-efficient office buildings: how the occupants can help?
Ali, Qadeer, Thaheem, Muhammad Jamaluddin, Ullah, Fahim and Sepasgozar, Samad M. E.. 2020. "The performance gap in energy-efficient office buildings: how the occupants can help?" Energies. 13 (6). https://doi.org/10.3390/en13061480
Key factors influencing purchase or rent decisions in smart real estate investments: a system dynamics approach using online forum thread data
Ullah, Fahim and Sepasgozar, Samad M. E.. 2020. "Key factors influencing purchase or rent decisions in smart real estate investments: a system dynamics approach using online forum thread data." Sustainability. 12 (11), pp. 1-36. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114382
Smart digital marketing capabilities for sustainable property development: a case of Malaysia
Low, Sheen, Ullah, Fahim, Shiwrozhan, Sara, Sepasgozar, Samad M. E. and Lee, Chyi Lin. 2020. "Smart digital marketing capabilities for sustainable property development: a case of Malaysia." Sustainability. 12 (13), pp. 1-40. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12135402
Contingency release during project execution: the contractor’s decision-making dilemma
Ayub, Bilal, Thaheem, Muhammad Jamaluddin and Ullah, Fahim. 2019. "Contingency release during project execution: the contractor’s decision-making dilemma." Project Management Journal. 50 (6), pp. 734-748. https://doi.org/10.1177/8756972819848250
Six Sigma in construction: a review of critical success factors
Qayyum Siddiqui, Siddra, Ullah, Fahim, Thaheem, Muhammad Jamaluddin and Gabriel, Hamza Farooq. 2016. "Six Sigma in construction: a review of critical success factors." International Journal of Lean Six Sigma. 7 (2), pp. 171-186. https://doi.org/10.1108/ijlss-11-2015-0045
Labor Productivity Assessment Using Activity Analysis on Semi High-Rise Building Projects in Pakistan
Sheikh, Noaman Akbar, Ullah, Fahim, Ayub, Bilal and Thaheem, Muhammad Jamaluddin. 2017. "Labor Productivity Assessment Using Activity Analysis on Semi High-Rise Building Projects in Pakistan." Engineering Journal. 21 (4), pp. 273-286. https://doi.org/10.4186/ej.2017.21.4.273
Influence of Six Sigma on project success in construction industry of Pakistan
Ullah, Fahim, Thaheem, Muhammad Jamaluddin, Qayyum Siddiqui, Siddra and Khurshid, Muhammad Bilal. 2017. "Influence of Six Sigma on project success in construction industry of Pakistan." The TQM Journal. 29 (2), pp. 276-309. https://doi.org/10.1108/TQM-11-2015-0136
Examining the impact of students’ attendance, sketching, visualization, and tutors experience on students’ performance: a case of building structures course in construction management
Ullah, Fahim, Sepasgozar, Samad, Tahmasebinia, Faham, Sepasgozar, Saleh Mohammad Ebrahimzadeh and Davis, Steven. 2020. "Examining the impact of students’ attendance, sketching, visualization, and tutors experience on students’ performance: a case of building structures course in construction management." Construction Economics and Building. 20 (3), pp. 78-102. https://doi.org/10.5130/AJCEB.v20i3.7056
Competitiveness in the construction industry: A contractor’s perspective on barriers to improving the construction industry performance
Azeem, Moazzam, Ullah, Fahim, Thaheem, Muhammad J. and Qayyum, Siddra. 2020. "Competitiveness in the construction industry: A contractor’s perspective on barriers to improving the construction industry performance." Journal of Construction Engineering, Management & Innovation. 3 (3), pp. 193-219. https://doi.org/10.31462/jcemi.2020.03193219
Empirical evidence of extension of time in construction projects
Shabbar, Haroon, Ullah, Fahim, Ayub, Bilal, Thaheem, Muhammad Jamaluddin and Gabriel, Hamza Farooq. 2017. "Empirical evidence of extension of time in construction projects." Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction. 9 (3). https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)LA.1943-4170.0000217
It's all about perceptions: A DEMATEL approach to exploring user perceptions of real estate online platforms
Ullah, Fahim, Sepasgozar, Samad M. E., Thaheem, Muhammad Jamaluddin, Wang, Changxin Cynthia and Imran, Muhammad. 2021. "It's all about perceptions: A DEMATEL approach to exploring user perceptions of real estate online platforms." Ain Shams Engineering Journal. 12 (4), pp. 4297-4317. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asej.2021.04.023
Addressing disasters in smart cities through UAVs path planning and 5G communications: A systematic review
Qadir, Zakria, Ullah, Fahim, Munawar, Hafiz Suliman and Al-Turjman, Fadi. 2021. "Addressing disasters in smart cities through UAVs path planning and 5G communications: A systematic review." Computer Communications. 168, pp. 114-135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comcom.2021.01.003
Managing smart cities through six sigma DMADICV method: A review-based conceptual framework
Qayyum, Siddra, Ullah, Fahim, Al-Turjman, Fadi and Mojtahedi, Mohammad. 2021. "Managing smart cities through six sigma DMADICV method: A review-based conceptual framework." Sustainable Cities and Society. 72, pp. 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2021.103022
A review of public-private partnership: critical factors of concession period
Ullah, Fahim, Ayub, Bilal, Qayyum, Siddra and Thaheem, Muhammad Jamaluddin. 2016. "A review of public-private partnership: critical factors of concession period." Journal of Financial Management of Property and Construction. 21 (3), pp. 269-300. https://doi.org/10.1108/JFMPC-02-2016-0011
Cloud- and Fog-Integrated Smart Grid Model for Efficient Resource Utilisation
Akram, Junaid, Tahir, Arsalan, Munawar, Hafiz Suliman, Akram, Awais, Kouzani, Abbas Z. and Mahmud, M. A. Parvez. 2021. "Cloud- and Fog-Integrated Smart Grid Model for Efficient Resource Utilisation." Sensors. 21 (23), pp. 1-22. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21237846
Evaluating the level of stakeholder involvement during the project planning processes of building projects
Heravi, Amirhossein, Coffey, Vaughan and Trigunarsyah, Bambang. 2015. "Evaluating the level of stakeholder involvement during the project planning processes of building projects." International Journal of Project Management. 33 (5), pp. 985-997. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2014.12.007
Effectiveness of constructability concept in the provision of infrastructure assets
Saghatforoush, E., Trigunarsyah, B., Too, E. and Heravitorbati, A.. 2011. "Effectiveness of constructability concept in the provision of infrastructure assets." Cowled, Craig J. L. (ed.) 1st International Postgraduate Conference on Engineering, Designing and Developing the Built Environment for Sustainable Wellbeing (eddBE 2011). Brisbane, Australia 27 - 29 Apr 2011 Brisbane, Australia.
Extending constructability concept to include operation and maintenance issues
Saghatforoush, Ehsan, Trigunarsyah, Bambang, Too, Eric G. and Heravitorbati, Amirhossein. 2011. "Extending constructability concept to include operation and maintenance issues." Preece, C. N., Fathi, M. S., Padfield, R., Papargyropoulou, E., BinAbdullah, M. M. and Rogers, J. (ed.) 1st International Construction Business & Management Symposium (ICBMS2011). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 21 - 22 Sep 2011 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Examination of process to develop a framework for better implementation of quality practices in building projects
Heravitorbati, Amirhossein, Coffey, Vaughan, Trigunarsyah, Bambang and Saghatforoush, Ehsan. 2011. "Examination of process to develop a framework for better implementation of quality practices in building projects." 2nd International Conference on Construction and Project Management 2011 (ICCPM2011). Singapore 16 - 18 Sep 2011 Singapore.
Evaluating the influences of stakeholder management on construction project quality
Heravitorbati, Amirhossein, Coffey, Vaughan, Trigunarsyah, Bambang and Saghatforoush, Ehsan. 2011. "Evaluating the influences of stakeholder management on construction project quality." Preece, C. N., Fathi, M. S., Padfield, R., Papargyropoulou, E., BinAbdullah, M. M. and Rogers, J. (ed.) 1st International Construction Business & Management Symposium (ICBMS2011). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 21 - 22 Sep 2011 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.