The Relationship Among Openness, Wisdom, and Humor: A Preliminary Mediation Model

Article


Leeman, Trilas M., Knight, Bob G. and Fein, Erich C.. 2022. "The Relationship Among Openness, Wisdom, and Humor: A Preliminary Mediation Model." International Psychogeriatrics. 34 (7), pp. 627-636. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610222000400
Article Title

The Relationship Among Openness, Wisdom, and Humor: A Preliminary Mediation Model

ERA Journal ID6329
Article CategoryArticle
AuthorsLeeman, Trilas M. (Author), Knight, Bob G. (Author) and Fein, Erich C. (Author)
Journal TitleInternational Psychogeriatrics
Journal Citation34 (7), pp. 627-636
Number of Pages10
Year2022
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
ISSN1041-6102
1741-203X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610222000400
Web Address (URL)https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international-psychogeriatrics/article/relationship-among-openness-wisdom-and-humor-a-preliminary-mediation-model/1A7DB31E20F97AFC2971F137A74AC14C
Abstract

Objectives: Wisdom researchers acknowledge the complex nature of this ancient construct, although they are yet to agree on its core components. A key question in the literature is whether Openness and Humour are aspects of wisdom or whether Openness is an antecedent of wisdom with Humour as a consequence. Methods: Using structural equation modelling, we evaluated data from 457 online respondents aged 16–87 years (Mage = 35.19, SD = 17.45). We analyzed a model with Openness as a precursor to Wisdom (conceptualised as a latent mediator variable using parcels of the SAWS Experience, Reminiscence/Reflection, and Emotional Regulation items), with Humor as outcome. We compared this model with a model using Wisdom as a latent mediator variable using parcels of the Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale-12 (3D-WS-12). Results: A model using Self-Assessed Wisdom Scale (SAWS)-9 latent mediator variable with Openness as precursor to wisdom and Humour as a consequence was good fit for the data and displayed full mediation. Similarly, a model using the 3D-WS-12 as latent mediator variable to measure wisdom and with Openness as a precursor to wisdom and Humour as a consequence also fits the data with full mediation. Discussion: These findings provide empirical support for theoretical suggestions in the literature that Openness is a precursor to wisdom and that Humour is a consequence of wisdom using two of the most common self-report measures of wisdom. An improved understanding of the nature of wisdom and especially of its potential precursors can also be of use in future efforts to facilitate the development of wisdom.

KeywordsWisdom; SAWS; SAWS-15; openness; humor; 3D-WS-12
ANZSRC Field of Research 2020520106. Psychology of ageing
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Byline AffiliationsSchool of Psychology and Counselling
Institution of OriginUniversity of Southern Queensland
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Fein, Erich C., Mackie, Benjamin, Chernyak-Hai, Lily, O'Quinn, C. Richard V. and Ahmed, Ezaz. 2016. "Six habits to enhance MET performance under stress: a discussion paper reviewing team mechanisms for improved patient outcomes." Australian Critical Care. 29 (2), pp. 104-109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aucc.2015.07.006
Age differences in interpreting ambiguous situations: the effects of content themes and depressed mood
Juang, Christine and Knight, Bob G.. 2016. "Age differences in interpreting ambiguous situations: the effects of content themes and depressed mood." Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 71 (6), pp. 1024-1033. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbv037
Considering the gap between Implicit Leadership Theories and expectations of actual leader behaviour: a three-study investigation of leadership beliefs in Romania
Fein, Erich C., Tziner, Aharon, Vasiliu, Cristinel and Felea, Mihai. 2015. "Considering the gap between Implicit Leadership Theories and expectations of actual leader behaviour: a three-study investigation of leadership beliefs in Romania." Journal of East European Management Studies. 20 (1), pp. 68-87. https://doi.org/10.1688/JEEMS-2015-01-Fein
Influences on the perception of elder financial abuse among older adults in Southern California
Knight, Bob G., Kim, Seungyoun, Rastegar, Sarah, Jones, Scott, Jump, Victoria and Wong, Serena. 2015. "Influences on the perception of elder financial abuse among older adults in Southern California." International Psychogeriatrics. 28 (1), pp. 163-169. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610215000587
Parental emotional support during emerging adulthood and baby boomers' well-being in midlife
Poon, Cecilia Y. M. and Knight, Bob G.. 2013. "Parental emotional support during emerging adulthood and baby boomers' well-being in midlife." International Journal of Behavioral Development. 37 (6), pp. 498-504. https://doi.org/10.1177/0165025413498217
Cross-cultural differences in dementia: the sociocultural health belief model
Sayegh, Phillip and Knight, Bob G.. 2013. "Cross-cultural differences in dementia: the sociocultural health belief model." International Psychogeriatrics. 25 (4), pp. 517-530. https://doi.org/10.1017/S104161021200213X
Accreditation in the profession of psychology: a cautionary tale
Maiden, Robert, Knight, Bob G., Howe, Judith L. and Kim, Seungyoun. 2012. "Accreditation in the profession of psychology: a cautionary tale." Gerontology and Geriatrics Education. 33 (1), pp. 55-74. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701960.2012.640728
Effectiveness of a lifestyle intervention in promoting the well-being of independently living older people: results of the Well Elderly 2 Randomised Controlled Trial
Clark, Florence, Jackson, Jeanne, Carlson, Mike, Chou, Chih-Ping, Cherry, Barbara J., Jordan-Marsh, Maryalice, Knight, Bob G., Mandel, Deborah, Blanchard, Jeanine, Granger, Douglas A., Wilcox, Rand R., Lai, Mei Ying, White, Brett, Hay, Joel, Lam, Claudia, Marterella, Abbey and Azen, Stanley P.. 2012. "Effectiveness of a lifestyle intervention in promoting the well-being of independently living older people: results of the Well Elderly 2 Randomised Controlled Trial." Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 66 (9), pp. 782-790. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2009.099754
Positivity effects in older adults' perception of facial emotion: the role of future time perspective
Kellough, Jennifer L. and Knight, Bob G.. 2012. "Positivity effects in older adults' perception of facial emotion: the role of future time perspective." Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 67B (2), pp. 150-158. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbr079
Mental health and aging in the 21st century
Knight, Bob G. and Sayegh, Philip. 2011. "Mental health and aging in the 21st century." Journal of Aging & Social Policy. 23 (3), pp. 228-243. https://doi.org/10.1080/08959420.2011.579494
Impact of childhood parental abuse and neglect on sleep problems in old age
Poon, Cecilia Y. M. and Knight, Bob G.. 2011. "Impact of childhood parental abuse and neglect on sleep problems in old age ." Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 66B (3), pp. 307-310. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbr003
Training in professional psychology in the US: an increased focus on competency attainment
Knight, Bob G.. 2011. "Training in professional psychology in the US: an increased focus on competency attainment ." Australian Psychologist. 46 (2), pp. 140-141. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-9544.2011.00026.x
Mentoring for professional geropsychology within a doctoral program
Knight, Bob G.. 2011. "Mentoring for professional geropsychology within a doctoral program." Educational Gerontology: an international journal. 37 (5), pp. 378-387. https://doi.org/10.1080/03601277.2011.553559
The effects of familism and cultural justification on the mental and physical health of family caregivers
Sayegh, Philip and Knight, Bob G.. 2011. "The effects of familism and cultural justification on the mental and physical health of family caregivers." Journal of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 66B (1), pp. 3-14. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbq061
Age differences in the complexity of emotion perception
Kim, Seungyoun, Geren, Jennifer L. and Knight, Bob G.. 2015. "Age differences in the complexity of emotion perception." Experimental Aging Research. 41 (5), pp. 556-571. https://doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2015.1085727
Contextual adult lifespan theory for adapting psychotherapy with older adults
Knight, B. G., Juang, Ch. and Poon, C. Y. M.. 2015. "Contextual adult lifespan theory for adapting psychotherapy with older adults." Maercker, I. A. (ed.) Alterpsychoterapie und klinische gerontopsycholgie. Heidelberg. Springer.
Using the CALTAP life span developmental framework with older adults
Pachana, Nancy A., Mitchell, Leander K. and Knight, Bob G.. 2015. "Using the CALTAP life span developmental framework with older adults." GeroPsych. 28 (2), pp. 77-86. https://doi.org/10.1024/1662-9647/a000126
Aging and the effects of emotion on cognition: implications for psychological interventions for depression and anxiety
Knight, Bob G. and Durbin, Kelly. 2015. "Aging and the effects of emotion on cognition: implications for psychological interventions for depression and anxiety." Psych Journal. 4 (1), pp. 11-19. https://doi.org/10.1002/pchj.84
Adaptation of the Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale (3D-WS) for the Korean cultural context
Kim, Seungyoun and Knight, Bob G.. 2015. "Adaptation of the Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale (3D-WS) for the Korean cultural context." International Psychogeriatrics. 27 (2), pp. 267-278. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610214002178
Can we do better? Researchers' experiences with ethical review boards on projects with later life as a focus
Pachana, Nancy A., Liddle, Jacki, Peel, Nancye M., Beattie, Elizabeth, Juang, Christine and Knight, Bob G.. 2015. "Can we do better? Researchers' experiences with ethical review boards on projects with later life as a focus." Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. 43 (3), pp. 701-707. https://doi.org/10.3233/JAD-141956
Functional assessment and neuropsychiatric inventory questionnaires: measurement invariance across Hispanic and non-Hispanic whites
Sayegh, Philip and Knight, Bob G.. 2014. "Functional assessment and neuropsychiatric inventory questionnaires: measurement invariance across Hispanic and non-Hispanic whites." The Gerontologist. 54 (3), pp. 375-386. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnt026
Assessment and diagnosis of dementia in Hispanic and non-Hispanic white outpatients
Sayegh, Philip and Knight, Bob G.. 2013. "Assessment and diagnosis of dementia in Hispanic and non-Hispanic white outpatients." The Gerontologist. 53 (5), pp. 760-769. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gns190
Emotional reactivity to network stress in middle and late adulthood: the role of childhood parental emotional abuse and support
Poon, Cecilia Y. M. and Knight, Bob G.. 2012. "Emotional reactivity to network stress in middle and late adulthood: the role of childhood parental emotional abuse and support." The Gerontologist. 52 (6), pp. 782-791. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gns009
Confirmatory factor analysis of a brief version of the Zarit Burden Inventory in black and white dementia caregivers
Flynn Longmire, Crystal V. and Knight, Bob G.. 2011. "Confirmatory factor analysis of a brief version of the Zarit Burden Inventory in black and white dementia caregivers." The Gerontologist. 51 (4), pp. 453-462. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnr011
Tempering hard times: integrating well-being metrics into utility analysis
Tziner, Aharon, Fein, Erich C. and Birati, Assa. 2014. "Tempering hard times: integrating well-being metrics into utility analysis." Industrial and Organizational Psychology: perspectives on science and practice. 7 (4), pp. 554-568. https://doi.org/10.1111/iops.12195
Clarifying the effect of work hours on health through work–life conflict
Fein, Erich C. and Skinner, Natalie. 2015. "Clarifying the effect of work hours on health through work–life conflict." Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources. 53 (4), pp. 448-470. https://doi.org/10.1111/1744-7941.12065
Virtue Ethics in Leadership Operations: A Pathway for Leadership Development
Fein, Eric C.. 2012. "Virtue Ethics in Leadership Operations: A Pathway for Leadership Development ." Harris, Howard, Wijesinghe, Gayathri and McKenzie, Stephen (ed.) The Heart of the Good Institution: Virtue Ethics as a Framework for Responsible Management. Netherlands. Springer. pp. 73-84